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Rhimdath

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The '''Rhimdath''' or '''Rushdown''' was a short, early tributary of the [[Anduin]] River.  It flowed from the [[Misty Mountains]] eastward into the Anduin roughly halfway between the [[Langwell]]-[[Greylin]] confluence and the [[Carrock]].<ref name=RS>{{RS|1XIc}}, p. 205</ref> Given the name "Rushdown" it probably had a steep gradient.
 
The '''Rhimdath''' or '''Rushdown''' was a short, early tributary of the [[Anduin]] River.  It flowed from the [[Misty Mountains]] eastward into the Anduin roughly halfway between the [[Langwell]]-[[Greylin]] confluence and the [[Carrock]].<ref name=RS>{{RS|1XIc}}, p. 205</ref> Given the name "Rushdown" it probably had a steep gradient.
  
The river-name is found as a pencilled addition by Tolkien on the [[:File:CJRT - Map of Wilderland.jpg|map of Wilderland]] in one of his copies of ''[[The Hobbit]]''.<ref name=RS/> It has been noted that Rhimdath (according to the map) seems to have been joined by another small mountain stream.<ref>[http://www.tuckborough.net/rivers.html#Rushdown Rivers & Falls: Rushdown] at [http://www.tuckborough.net/ The Thain's Book] (accessed 29 April 2011)</ref>
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The river-name is found as a pencilled addition by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] on the [[:File:CJRT - Map of Wilderland.jpg|map of Wilderland]] in one of his copies of ''[[The Hobbit]]''.<ref name=RS/> It has been noted that Rhimdath (according to the map) seems to have been joined by another small mountain stream.<ref>[http://www.tuckborough.net/rivers.html#Rushdown Rivers & Falls: Rushdown] at [http://www.tuckborough.net/ The Thain's Book] (accessed 29 April 2011)</ref>
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The river-name is also a feature of the first map of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' in ''[[The Treason of Isengard]]''.  On Map II, in square J-12, both "R.Rushdown" and "Rhimdad" are written next to the short Anduin tributary north of the Carrock.<ref>{{TI|MII}}, p. 305</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
The first element in ''Rhimdath'' is related to [[Noldorin]] ''[[rhib-]]'', ''[[rhimp]]'', ''rhimmo'' ("to flow like a [?torrent]"), derived from the [[Sundocarme|stem]] '''[[RIP|RIP-]]''' ("rush, fly, fling"). [[Christopher Tolkien]] stated that the name ''Rhibdath'' or ''Rhimdath'', given the meaning "Rushdown", was a hastily scribbled addition at the end of the R-stems.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 384</ref>  In the index he noted that this name only appeared in the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' but is the river described above.<ref>{{LR|Index}}, p. 446</ref><ref group="note">This was before the publication of ''[[The Return of the Shadow]]''.</ref>
 
The first element in ''Rhimdath'' is related to [[Noldorin]] ''[[rhib-]]'', ''[[rhimp]]'', ''rhimmo'' ("to flow like a [?torrent]"), derived from the [[Sundocarme|stem]] '''[[RIP|RIP-]]''' ("rush, fly, fling"). [[Christopher Tolkien]] stated that the name ''Rhibdath'' or ''Rhimdath'', given the meaning "Rushdown", was a hastily scribbled addition at the end of the R-stems.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 384</ref>  In the index he noted that this name only appeared in the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' but is the river described above.<ref>{{LR|Index}}, p. 446</ref><ref group="note">This was before the publication of ''[[The Return of the Shadow]]''.</ref>
  
The second element in ''Rhimdath'' is likely a derivative of the stem '''[[DAT|DAT-]]''' ("fall down").{{or}}<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 354</ref>
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As the stem '''[[DAT|DAT-]]''' is glossed as "fall down",<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 354</ref> it is possible that the second element in ''Rhimdath'' is a derivative of this stem.
  
 
{{References|note}}
 
{{References|note}}
 
[[category:Rivers]]
 
[[category:Rivers]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]

Latest revision as of 06:37, 19 February 2012

Rhimdath
Physical Description
TypeRiver
LocationUpper vale of the Anduin
DescriptionShort, east-flowing tributary of the Anduin
General Information
Other namesRushdown

The Rhimdath or Rushdown was a short, early tributary of the Anduin River. It flowed from the Misty Mountains eastward into the Anduin roughly halfway between the Langwell-Greylin confluence and the Carrock.[1] Given the name "Rushdown" it probably had a steep gradient.

The river-name is found as a pencilled addition by Tolkien on the map of Wilderland in one of his copies of The Hobbit.[1] It has been noted that Rhimdath (according to the map) seems to have been joined by another small mountain stream.[2]

The river-name is also a feature of the first map of The Lord of the Rings in The Treason of Isengard. On Map II, in square J-12, both "R.Rushdown" and "Rhimdad" are written next to the short Anduin tributary north of the Carrock.[3]

[edit] Etymology

The first element in Rhimdath is related to Noldorin rhib-, rhimp, rhimmo ("to flow like a [?torrent]"), derived from the stem RIP- ("rush, fly, fling"). Christopher Tolkien stated that the name Rhibdath or Rhimdath, given the meaning "Rushdown", was a hastily scribbled addition at the end of the R-stems.[4] In the index he noted that this name only appeared in the Etymologies but is the river described above.[5][note 1]

As the stem DAT- is glossed as "fall down",[6] it is possible that the second element in Rhimdath is a derivative of this stem.

Notes

  1. This was before the publication of The Return of the Shadow.

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Return of the Shadow, "The First Phase: XI. From Weathertop to the Ford, Note on the river of Rivendell", p. 205
  2. Rivers & Falls: Rushdown at The Thain's Book (accessed 29 April 2011)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "Map II", p. 305
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 384
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Index", p. 446
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 354