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Rhovanion

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{{disambig-two|the large region to the north-east of [[Middle-earth]]|Kingdom of Rhovanion|[[Rhovanion (Realm)]]}}
 
 
{{expansion}}
 
{{expansion}}
 
{{location
 
{{location
| image=[[Image:Wilderland (cropped).png|250px]]
+
| image=[[File:Christopher Tolkien - Map of Wilderland.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Rhovanion
 
| name=Rhovanion
 
| type=Region
 
| type=Region
 
| location=North-east [[Middle-earth]]
 
| location=North-east [[Middle-earth]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]]<br/>[[Elves]]<br/>[[Hobbits]]<br/>[[Men]]<br/>[[Orcs]]<br/>[[Eagles]]<br/>[[Dragons]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]]<br/>[[Elves]]<br/>[[Hobbits]]<br/>[[Men]]<br/>[[Orcs]]<br/>[[Eagles]]<br/>[[Dragons]]
| realms=[[Lórien]]<br/>[[Khazad-dûm]]<br/>[[Woodland Realm]]<br/>[[Rhovanion (Realm)|Rhovanion]]<br/>[[Kingdom of Dale]]<br/>[[Iron Hills]]<br/>[[Dol Guldur]]
+
| realms=[[Lothlórien]]<br/>[[Moria|Khazad-dûm]]<br/>[[Woodland Realm]]<br/>[[Kingdom of Dale]]<br/>[[Iron Hills]]<br/>[[Dol Guldur]]
 
| description=Large, inhabited region
 
| description=Large, inhabited region
 
| climate=Temperate: warm summers and (mostly) mild winters
 
| climate=Temperate: warm summers and (mostly) mild winters
 
| othernames=Wilderland
 
| othernames=Wilderland
 
| etymology=
 
| etymology=
| events=[[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]]<br/>[[Great Plague|The Great Plague]]<br/>[[War of the Dwarves and Dragons]]<br/>[[Sack of Erebor]]<br/>[[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]]<br/>[[Fell Winter (Third Age)|The Fell Winter]]<br/>[[Battle of Five Armies]]<br/>[[Fall of Dol Guldur]]<br/>[[Battle of Dale]]
+
| events=[[Battle of the Gladden Fields]]<br/>[[Great Plague|The Great Plague]]<br/>[[War of the Dwarves and Dragons]]<br/>[[Sack of Erebor]]<br/>[[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]]<br/>[[Fell Winter (Third Age)|The Fell Winter]]<br/>[[Battle of Five Armies]]<br/>[[Fall of Dol Guldur]]<br/>[[Battle of Dale]]
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Rhovanion.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Rhovanion.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
'''Rhovanion''' or '''Wilderland''' was a large region of northern [[Middle-earth]]. The Great River [[Anduin]] flowed through it, and the immense forest of [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] was a part of it.
 
'''Rhovanion''' or '''Wilderland''' was a large region of northern [[Middle-earth]]. The Great River [[Anduin]] flowed through it, and the immense forest of [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] was a part of it.
  
Properly speaking Rhovanion was the name of a small region east of Greenwood, which later was the [[Kingdom of Rhovanion]], but the name was used for all of Wilderland by the late [[Third Age]].
+
Properly speaking Rhovanion was the name of a small region east of Greenwood, which later was the Kingdom of Rhovanion, but the name was used for all of Wilderland by the late [[Third Age]].
  
 
== Places and Geography ==
 
== Places and Geography ==
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=== Second Age ===
 
=== Second Age ===
 
Rhovanion played host to two [[Silvan Elves|Silvan]] Elf kingdoms ruled by [[Sindar]]in lords: Northern Greenwood and Lórinand (or [[Lothlórien|Lórien]]).
 
Rhovanion played host to two [[Silvan Elves|Silvan]] Elf kingdoms ruled by [[Sindar]]in lords: Northern Greenwood and Lórinand (or [[Lothlórien|Lórien]]).
 +
 
The great battlefield (or [[Dagorlad]]) of the [[War of the Last Alliance]] against the host of [[Sauron]] lay in the south of Rhovanion, and in the [[Gladden Fields]] of the Great River the High King of Gondor and [[Arnor]], [[Isildur]], son of [[Elendil]], was killed.
 
The great battlefield (or [[Dagorlad]]) of the [[War of the Last Alliance]] against the host of [[Sauron]] lay in the south of Rhovanion, and in the [[Gladden Fields]] of the Great River the High King of Gondor and [[Arnor]], [[Isildur]], son of [[Elendil]], was killed.
 +
 
=== Third Age ===
 
=== Third Age ===
 
In the early Third Age, it was a quite populated area: in the north lay the [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] kingdoms of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]] and the Dwarf halls in the Ered Mithrin, and the Mannish kingdom of [[Dale]], in the north of the Great River [[Anduin]] lay the Mannish realm of [[Éothéod]], and in and around the south and east of Greenwood the Great lived the Men of Rhovanion.
 
In the early Third Age, it was a quite populated area: in the north lay the [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] kingdoms of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]] and the Dwarf halls in the Ered Mithrin, and the Mannish kingdom of [[Dale]], in the north of the Great River [[Anduin]] lay the Mannish realm of [[Éothéod]], and in and around the south and east of Greenwood the Great lived the Men of Rhovanion.
 +
 +
In {{TA|1248}} [[Rómendacil II]] of Gondor destroyed all camps of the Easterlings even beyond the [[Sea of Rhûn]], and a strong alliance with Rhovanion was forged. The King of Rhovanion at this time was [[Vidugavia]], and Prince [[Valacar]] of Gondor served in his army. Vidugavia's daughter [[Vidumavi]] married Valacar, and their son Vinitharya became King [[Eldacar (King of Gondor)|Eldacar]] in {{TA|1432|n}}, which lead to the [[Kin-strife]] in {{TA|1437|n}}. Eldacar fled to Rhovanion, and with a Rhovanion army he reclaimed his Kingdom in {{TA|1447|n}}.
 +
 
In the north of Greenwood lived the Silvan elves ruled by [[Thranduil]], and in the south of Greenwood and across the river in Lórinand ruled [[Amdír]] and later [[Amroth]]. In the far south, near the great falls of [[Sarn Gebir]], watched the northern guard of [[Gondor]], and in the valleys of the Anduin lived [[Stoors]] ([[Hobbits|Hobbit]]s).
 
In the north of Greenwood lived the Silvan elves ruled by [[Thranduil]], and in the south of Greenwood and across the river in Lórinand ruled [[Amdír]] and later [[Amroth]]. In the far south, near the great falls of [[Sarn Gebir]], watched the northern guard of [[Gondor]], and in the valleys of the Anduin lived [[Stoors]] ([[Hobbits|Hobbit]]s).
  
In the later Third Age, Rhovanion was the site of many wars, when the [[Wainriders]] came from the east and assailed the people of Rhovanion until all their kingdoms were destroyed, and later when [[Sauron]] returned as the Necromancer he took residence at [[Dol Guldur]] in the south of Greenwood. Greenwood became evil, and was renamed Mirkwood. The Dwarves of Erebor and the Men of Dale were destroyed and scattered when the [[Dragons|Dragon]] [[Smaug]] took Erebor, and Gondor retreated from the Falls. Some Men still lived along the forest, notably the [[Beornings]] and the Men of [[Lake-town|Esgaroth]] upon the [[Long Lake]]. The Men of Éothéod removed south at the invite of Gondor, and settled the plains of [[Calenardhon]], later [[Rohan]].  After being driven out of Erebor the Dwarves relocated, some went to the Iron Hills, but most went to the [[Ered Luin]] in [[Eriador]]
+
In {{TA|1636|n}} the [[Great Plague]] devastated Rhovanion, killing more than half its people. This left Rhovanion weakened, and in {{TA|1851|n}} the [[Wainriders]] overran and enslaved Rhovanion. For 43 years Rhovanion was enslaved, but in {{TA|1899|n}} Rhovanion revolted, while Gondor attacked the Wainriders from the west. Rhovanion was freed, but left extremely weakened. Many Men of Rhovanion left for Gondor, where they were welcomed as distant relatives.
 +
 
 +
In circa {{TA|2460|n}} [[Sauron]] returned as the Necromancer he took residence at [[Dol Guldur]] in the south of Greenwood. And Greenwood became evil, and was renamed Mirkwood. The Dwarves of Erebor and the Men of Dale were destroyed and scattered when the [[Dragons|Dragon]] [[Smaug]] took Erebor, and Gondor retreated from the Falls. Some Men still lived along the forest, notably the [[Beornings]] and the Men of [[Lake-town|Esgaroth]] upon the [[Long Lake]]. The Men of Éothéod removed south at the invite of Gondor, and settled the plains of [[Calenardhon]], later [[Rohan]].  After being driven out of Erebor the Dwarves relocated, some went to the Iron Hills, but most went to the [[Ered Luin]] in [[Eriador]]
  
 
At the end of the Third Age, the Kingdoms of Erebor and Dale were restored as a result of the death of Smaug and the [[Battle of Five Armies]], and Sauron was removed from Mirkwood by the wizard [[Gandalf]]. During the [[War of the Ring]] it held off an invasion by Sauron's forces, and after Sauron was defeated Mirkwood was clean again, and renamed ''Eryn Lasgalen'', or "Wood of Greenleaves". Some time during the [[Fourth Age]] Gondor claimed large parts of it.
 
At the end of the Third Age, the Kingdoms of Erebor and Dale were restored as a result of the death of Smaug and the [[Battle of Five Armies]], and Sauron was removed from Mirkwood by the wizard [[Gandalf]]. During the [[War of the Ring]] it held off an invasion by Sauron's forces, and after Sauron was defeated Mirkwood was clean again, and renamed ''Eryn Lasgalen'', or "Wood of Greenleaves". Some time during the [[Fourth Age]] Gondor claimed large parts of it.
  
 
==Boundaries==
 
==Boundaries==
[[File:Map - Rhovanion.jpg|thumb|400px|Map of Rhovanion from ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]''.]]
+
 
 
*To the east- the [[River Running]] inland [[Sea of Rhûn]].
 
*To the east- the [[River Running]] inland [[Sea of Rhûn]].
 
*To the north- the [[Grey Mountains]] and [[Iron Hills]], home of the Dwarves.
 
*To the north- the [[Grey Mountains]] and [[Iron Hills]], home of the Dwarves.
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 +
''Rhovanion'' is [[Sindarin]]<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 78</ref> for "wilderland" and contains ''[[rhovan]]'', with the place-name ending ''[[-ion]]''.
 +
 
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] made ''Wilderland'' based on ''wilderness'' but with a side-reference to the verbs ''wilder'', "wander astray" and ''bewilder''.<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 779</ref>
 
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] made ''Wilderland'' based on ''wilderness'' but with a side-reference to the verbs ''wilder'', "wander astray" and ''bewilder''.<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 779</ref>
  
Rhovanion is [[Sindarin]] for "wilderland" and contains ''[[rhovan]]'', with the place-name ending ''[[-ion]]''.
 
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
{{smallbrackets}}
+
[[Category:Mannish realms]]
 
[[Category:Regions]]
 
[[Category:Regions]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion| ]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion| ]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
 
[[de:Rhovanion]]
 
[[de:Rhovanion]]
 
[[fi:Rhovanion]]
 
[[fi:Rhovanion]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/rhovanion]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/rhovanion]]

Latest revision as of 12:04, 21 June 2014

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Christopher Tolkien - Map of Wilderland.jpg
Rhovanion
Physical Description
TypeRegion
LocationNorth-east Middle-earth
RealmsLothlórien
Khazad-dûm
Woodland Realm
Kingdom of Dale
Iron Hills
Dol Guldur
InhabitantsDwarves
Elves
Hobbits
Men
Orcs
Eagles
Dragons
DescriptionLarge, inhabited region
ClimateTemperate: warm summers and (mostly) mild winters
General Information
Other namesWilderland
EventsBattle of the Gladden Fields
The Great Plague
War of the Dwarves and Dragons
Sack of Erebor
War of the Dwarves and Orcs
The Fell Winter
Battle of Five Armies
Fall of Dol Guldur
Battle of Dale

Rhovanion or Wilderland was a large region of northern Middle-earth. The Great River Anduin flowed through it, and the immense forest of Greenwood the Great was a part of it.

Properly speaking Rhovanion was the name of a small region east of Greenwood, which later was the Kingdom of Rhovanion, but the name was used for all of Wilderland by the late Third Age.

Contents

[edit] Places and Geography

[edit] History

[edit] First Age

In the First Age the Elves passed through it during the Great Journey, and much later the Atanatári (Fathers of Men) followed them. It is not otherwise mentioned until the Second Age.

[edit] Second Age

Rhovanion played host to two Silvan Elf kingdoms ruled by Sindarin lords: Northern Greenwood and Lórinand (or Lórien).

The great battlefield (or Dagorlad) of the War of the Last Alliance against the host of Sauron lay in the south of Rhovanion, and in the Gladden Fields of the Great River the High King of Gondor and Arnor, Isildur, son of Elendil, was killed.

[edit] Third Age

In the early Third Age, it was a quite populated area: in the north lay the Dwarven kingdoms of Erebor and the Dwarf halls in the Ered Mithrin, and the Mannish kingdom of Dale, in the north of the Great River Anduin lay the Mannish realm of Éothéod, and in and around the south and east of Greenwood the Great lived the Men of Rhovanion.

In T.A. 1248 Rómendacil II of Gondor destroyed all camps of the Easterlings even beyond the Sea of Rhûn, and a strong alliance with Rhovanion was forged. The King of Rhovanion at this time was Vidugavia, and Prince Valacar of Gondor served in his army. Vidugavia's daughter Vidumavi married Valacar, and their son Vinitharya became King Eldacar in 1432, which lead to the Kin-strife in 1437. Eldacar fled to Rhovanion, and with a Rhovanion army he reclaimed his Kingdom in 1447.

In the north of Greenwood lived the Silvan elves ruled by Thranduil, and in the south of Greenwood and across the river in Lórinand ruled Amdír and later Amroth. In the far south, near the great falls of Sarn Gebir, watched the northern guard of Gondor, and in the valleys of the Anduin lived Stoors (Hobbits).

In 1636 the Great Plague devastated Rhovanion, killing more than half its people. This left Rhovanion weakened, and in 1851 the Wainriders overran and enslaved Rhovanion. For 43 years Rhovanion was enslaved, but in 1899 Rhovanion revolted, while Gondor attacked the Wainriders from the west. Rhovanion was freed, but left extremely weakened. Many Men of Rhovanion left for Gondor, where they were welcomed as distant relatives.

In circa 2460 Sauron returned as the Necromancer he took residence at Dol Guldur in the south of Greenwood. And Greenwood became evil, and was renamed Mirkwood. The Dwarves of Erebor and the Men of Dale were destroyed and scattered when the Dragon Smaug took Erebor, and Gondor retreated from the Falls. Some Men still lived along the forest, notably the Beornings and the Men of Esgaroth upon the Long Lake. The Men of Éothéod removed south at the invite of Gondor, and settled the plains of Calenardhon, later Rohan. After being driven out of Erebor the Dwarves relocated, some went to the Iron Hills, but most went to the Ered Luin in Eriador

At the end of the Third Age, the Kingdoms of Erebor and Dale were restored as a result of the death of Smaug and the Battle of Five Armies, and Sauron was removed from Mirkwood by the wizard Gandalf. During the War of the Ring it held off an invasion by Sauron's forces, and after Sauron was defeated Mirkwood was clean again, and renamed Eryn Lasgalen, or "Wood of Greenleaves". Some time during the Fourth Age Gondor claimed large parts of it.

[edit] Boundaries

Important rivers were the Anduin or Great River, the Celduin or Running, and the Carnen or Redwater.

Major features were the forest of Mirkwood, and the Long Lake of Esgaroth.

[edit] Etymology

Rhovanion is Sindarin[1] for "wilderland" and contains rhovan, with the place-name ending -ion.

Tolkien made Wilderland based on wilderness but with a side-reference to the verbs wilder, "wander astray" and bewilder.[2]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 78
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 779