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Richard Wagner

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[[Image:Richard Wagner.jpg|Richard Wagner in 1871|thumb]]
 
[[Image:Richard Wagner.jpg|Richard Wagner in 1871|thumb]]
 
'''Wilhelm Richard Wagner''' ([[May 22|22 May]] [[1813]]  – [[February 13|13 February]] [[1883]]) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas.
 
'''Wilhelm Richard Wagner''' ([[May 22|22 May]] [[1813]]  – [[February 13|13 February]] [[1883]]) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas.
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Tolkien seems to have been well acquinted with the works of Wagner. Together with his friends in the [[Kolbítar]] Club, Tolkien studied the works of Wagner during the late 1920s.<ref>[[Andrew Lazo]], "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", in ''Chance 2004''</ref> Another member of the club, [[C.S. Lewis]], was an avid fan of Wagner, and collected recordings of Wagner, owned illustrations by [[wikipedia: Arthur Rackham|Arthur Rackham]] (a British illustrator, often depicting scenes from the works of Wagner), dreamt about turning the ''[[Der Ring des Nibelungen|Ring]]'' into prose, and took Tolkien to London to see a staging of the ''Ring''.<ref>[[Humphrey Carpenter]], ''[[The Inklings (book)|The Inklings: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams and Their Friends]]''</ref><ref>[[Andrew Lazo]], "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", p.197</ref><ref>Christine Chism, "Middle-Earth, the Middle Ages, and the Aryan Nation: Myth and History in World War II", in ''Chance 2003'', p.75f</ref> During the 1930s, Lewis and Tolkien apparently began working on a translation of ''[[Die Walküre]]''.<ref>[[Stefan Arvidsson]],  ''[[Draksjukan|Draksjukan. Mytiska fantasier hos Tolkien, Wagner och de Vries]]'', p.148</ref><ref>Alex Ross, "[http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2003/12/22/031222crat_atlarge?currentPage=1#ixzz0uWWEbKTn  The Ring and the Rings: Wagner vs. Tolkien]", in ''The New Yorker'', December 22, 2003</ref>
  
 
In the scholarly study of [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], Wagner is mostly mentioned in the context of the apparent similarities between ''[[Der Ring des Nibelungen]]'', one of Wagner's late operas, and ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
 
In the scholarly study of [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], Wagner is mostly mentioned in the context of the apparent similarities between ''[[Der Ring des Nibelungen]]'', one of Wagner's late operas, and ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
  
Tolkien seems to have been well acquinted with the works of Wagner. Together with his friends in the [[Kolbítar]] Club, Tolkien studied the works of Wagner during the late 1920s.<ref>[[Andrew Lazo]], "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", in ''Chance 2004''</ref> Another member of the club, [[C.S. Lewis]], was an avid fan of Wagner, and collected recordings of Wagner, owned illustrations by [[wikipedia: Arthur Rackham|Arthur Rackham]] (a British illustrator, often depicting scenes from the works of Wagner), dreamt about turning the ''[[Der Ring des Nibelungen|Ring]]'' into prose, and took Tolkien to London to see a staging of the ''Ring''.<ref>[[Humphrey Carpenter]], ''[[The Inklings (book)|The Inklings: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams and Their Friends]]''</ref><ref>[[Andrew Lazo]], "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", p.197</ref><ref>Christine Chism, "Middle-Earth, the Middle Ages, and the Aryan Nation: Myth and History in World War II", in ''Chance 2003'', p.75f</ref> During the 1930s, Lewis and Tolkien apparently began working on a translation of ''[[Die Walküre]]''.<ref>[[Stefan Arvidsson]],  ''[[Draksjukan|Draksjukan. Mytiska fantasier hos Tolkien, Wagner och de Vries]]'', p.148</ref><ref>Alex Ross, "[http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2003/12/22/031222crat_atlarge?currentPage=1#ixzz0uWWEbKTn  The Ring and the Rings: Wagner vs. Tolkien]", in ''The New Yorker'', December 22, 2003</ref>
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*{{WP|Richard Wagner}}
 
*{{WP|Richard Wagner}}
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*"[http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article6232731.ece Tolkien out-Wagners Wagner]" by [[Tom Shippey]]
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[CATEGORY:Composers|Wagner, Richard]]
 
[[CATEGORY:Composers|Wagner, Richard]]
 
[[CATEGORY:German people|Wagner, Richard]]
 
[[CATEGORY:German people|Wagner, Richard]]
 
[[CATEGORY:People by name]]
 
[[CATEGORY:People by name]]

Revision as of 19:02, 22 May 2011

Richard Wagner in 1871

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas.

Tolkien seems to have been well acquinted with the works of Wagner. Together with his friends in the Kolbítar Club, Tolkien studied the works of Wagner during the late 1920s.[1] Another member of the club, C.S. Lewis, was an avid fan of Wagner, and collected recordings of Wagner, owned illustrations by Arthur Rackham (a British illustrator, often depicting scenes from the works of Wagner), dreamt about turning the Ring into prose, and took Tolkien to London to see a staging of the Ring.[2][3][4] During the 1930s, Lewis and Tolkien apparently began working on a translation of Die Walküre.[5][6]

In the scholarly study of J.R.R. Tolkien, Wagner is mostly mentioned in the context of the apparent similarities between Der Ring des Nibelungen, one of Wagner's late operas, and The Lord of the Rings.

External links

References

  1. Andrew Lazo, "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", in Chance 2004
  2. Humphrey Carpenter, The Inklings: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams and Their Friends
  3. Andrew Lazo, "Gathered Round Northern Fires: The Imaginative Impact of the Kolbítar", p.197
  4. Christine Chism, "Middle-Earth, the Middle Ages, and the Aryan Nation: Myth and History in World War II", in Chance 2003, p.75f
  5. Stefan Arvidsson, Draksjukan. Mytiska fantasier hos Tolkien, Wagner och de Vries, p.148
  6. Alex Ross, "The Ring and the Rings: Wagner vs. Tolkien", in The New Yorker, December 22, 2003