Tolkien Gateway

Rohan language

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'''Rohirric''' is the language of the [[Rohirrim]] of [[Rohan]].
 
'''Rohirric''' is the language of the [[Rohirrim]] of [[Rohan]].
  
Rohirric is derived from the language of the [[Éothéod]], who were among the [[Northmen]]. The [[Hobbits]] before their [[Wandering Days]] had contact with that people and their languages had many in common.
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Rohirric is derived from the language of the [[Éothéod]], who were among the [[Northmen]] and Rohirric was related to other Northmen languages, such as those of [[Rhovanion]], [[Esgaroth]], and [[Dale]].  
  
Only a few actual Rohirric words are given by Tolkien, such as ''kûd-dûkan'', an old word meaning "hole-dweller," which is related to ''[[kuduk]]'', the name the [[Hobbits]] had for themselves. Even this term was translated in the book: "Hobbit" is said to derive from the Old English word ''Holbytla'' or "hole-builder".
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The [[Hobbits]] before their [[Wandering Days]] in the [[Vales of Anduin]] had contact with that people and their languages had many in common. For example the Rohirrim had retained the legend of the being known as ''kûd-dûkan'' (translated as ''hol-bytla''), a term which became ''[[kuduk]]'' by the Hobbits, the name they had for themselves.
  
 
The only other Rohirric given is the element ''lô- / loh-'', which corresponds to the Old English ''éo'' or "horse".  The derived names ''Lôgrad'' and ''Lohtûr'' can be matched with ''[[Rohan|Éomarc]]'' ("Horse-mark") and ''[[Éothéod]]'' ("Horse-people").
 
The only other Rohirric given is the element ''lô- / loh-'', which corresponds to the Old English ''éo'' or "horse".  The derived names ''Lôgrad'' and ''Lohtûr'' can be matched with ''[[Rohan|Éomarc]]'' ("Horse-mark") and ''[[Éothéod]]'' ("Horse-people").
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All names beginning with ''Éo-'' are actually names beginning with ''Lô-'' or ''Loh-'', but the real names of [[Éomer]], [[Éowyn]], etc. are not given. Only one proper name is offered, that of [[Théoden]], whose actual name was ''Tûrac'' ("King"). His name shows the influence of Elvish languages in Rohirric — the prefix ''[[tur]]-'' means "master" or "lord" in [[Sindarin]].
 
All names beginning with ''Éo-'' are actually names beginning with ''Lô-'' or ''Loh-'', but the real names of [[Éomer]], [[Éowyn]], etc. are not given. Only one proper name is offered, that of [[Théoden]], whose actual name was ''Tûrac'' ("King"). His name shows the influence of Elvish languages in Rohirric — the prefix ''[[tur]]-'' means "master" or "lord" in [[Sindarin]].
  
The ancestors of the Rohirrim were [[Northmen]], and Rohirric was related to other Northmen languages, such as those of [[Rhovanion]], [[Esgaroth]], and [[Dale]].
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Despite its relation to [[Westron]], Rohirric was not intelligible to its speakers. [[Legolas]] was unable to understand the songs, however he noted that the language is like the land itself: rich and rolling in part, and else hard and stern as the mountains.
 
==Translation==
 
==Translation==
 
In the novels Rohirric is always translated through [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_english Old English]. This is because [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] saw the relationship between Rohirric and [[Common Speech]] to be the same as that of Old English and modern English, the later being the translation of Common Speech.  
 
In the novels Rohirric is always translated through [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_english Old English]. This is because [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] saw the relationship between Rohirric and [[Common Speech]] to be the same as that of Old English and modern English, the later being the translation of Common Speech.  

Revision as of 11:35, 17 January 2009

Rohirric is the language of the Rohirrim of Rohan.

Rohirric is derived from the language of the Éothéod, who were among the Northmen and Rohirric was related to other Northmen languages, such as those of Rhovanion, Esgaroth, and Dale.

The Hobbits before their Wandering Days in the Vales of Anduin had contact with that people and their languages had many in common. For example the Rohirrim had retained the legend of the being known as kûd-dûkan (translated as hol-bytla), a term which became kuduk by the Hobbits, the name they had for themselves.

The only other Rohirric given is the element lô- / loh-, which corresponds to the Old English éo or "horse". The derived names Lôgrad and Lohtûr can be matched with Éomarc ("Horse-mark") and Éothéod ("Horse-people").

All names beginning with Éo- are actually names beginning with Lô- or Loh-, but the real names of Éomer, Éowyn, etc. are not given. Only one proper name is offered, that of Théoden, whose actual name was Tûrac ("King"). His name shows the influence of Elvish languages in Rohirric — the prefix tur- means "master" or "lord" in Sindarin.

Despite its relation to Westron, Rohirric was not intelligible to its speakers. Legolas was unable to understand the songs, however he noted that the language is like the land itself: rich and rolling in part, and else hard and stern as the mountains.

Translation

In the novels Rohirric is always translated through Old English. This is because Tolkien saw the relationship between Rohirric and Common Speech to be the same as that of Old English and modern English, the later being the translation of Common Speech.

Name

Tolkien did not give a known name for the language of the Rohirrim.

Rohirric seems to be an invention of Robert Foster in his Complete Guide to Middle-earth. Perhaps it was modelled on "Rohirrim" and the -ic of "Adûnaic". However the double r has no place here, since it derives from singular Rohir and the plural ending rim.

Tolkien himself used the adjective Rohanese in The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor but it is not clear if he refers to the language or the names.

Lisa Star mentions that Rohirian is found in a manuscript labeled Mq15:10 and also in Peoples of Middle-earth p. 55, which is untrue. It has been also suggested that the manuscript actually says Rohirin but it is just a theory.