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sîr means "river, stream" in Sindarin (and Noldorin).[1][2][3][4]

The s sometimes changes to h when the noun is placed in the middle of a word.[source?]


In the Etymologies, Noldorin sîr is a descendant form of Quenya/Old Noldorin síre ("river"), deriving from root SIR ("flow").[2]



  1. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 384
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 385
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 37
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"