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Sangahyando

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'''Sangahyando''' was a great-grandson of [[Castamir]], who had usurped the throne of [[Gondor]]. After the rightful King, [[Eldacar (King of Gondor)|Eldacar]], had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the [[Haven of Umbar]], where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, [[Angamaitë]], he led a raid on [[Pelargir]] nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, [[Minardil]].  
 
'''Sangahyando''' was a great-grandson of [[Castamir]], who had usurped the throne of [[Gondor]]. After the rightful King, [[Eldacar (King of Gondor)|Eldacar]], had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the [[Haven of Umbar]], where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, [[Angamaitë]], he led a raid on [[Pelargir]] nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, [[Minardil]].  
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==Etymology==
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The name ''Sangahyando'' means "Throng-cleaver" ("hewer of hostile ranks") in [[Quenya]], the first element being ''sanga'' ("throng").<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 116</ref>
  
Sangahyando's name is not easy to translate into English. The conventional translation is "Throng-cleaver", but "throng" is only an approximate translation of [[Quenya]] ''[[sanga]]''. In this context, a sanga was a body of soldiers in close formation, so Sangahyando's name refers to him cutting into his enemies' defences.
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In the first edition of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', the name was misprinted as ''Sangahyanda''.<ref name=PE17/>
  
 
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Revision as of 18:15, 4 August 2011

Sangahyando was a great-grandson of Castamir, who had usurped the throne of Gondor. After the rightful King, Eldacar, had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the Haven of Umbar, where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, Angamaitë, he led a raid on Pelargir nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, Minardil.

Etymology

The name Sangahyando means "Throng-cleaver" ("hewer of hostile ranks") in Quenya, the first element being sanga ("throng").[1]

In the first edition of The Lord of the Rings, the name was misprinted as Sangahyanda.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 116