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Sangahyando

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'''Sangahyando''' was a great-grandson of [[Castamir]], who had usurped the throne of [[Gondor]]. After the rightful King, [[Eldacar of Gondor|Eldacar]], had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the [[Haven of Umbar]], where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, [[Angamaitë]], he led a raid on [[Pelargir]] nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, [[Minardil]].  
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'''Sangahyando''' was a great-grandson of [[Castamir]], who had usurped the throne of [[Gondor]]. After the rightful King, [[Eldacar (King of Gondor)|Eldacar]], had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the [[Haven of Umbar]], where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, [[Angamaitë]], he led a raid on [[Pelargir]] nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, [[Minardil]].<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}, Minardil, p. 199</ref>
 
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==Genealogy==
Sangahyando's name is not easy to translate into English. The conventional translation is "Throng-cleaver", but "throng" is only an approximate translation of [[Quenya]] ''[[sanga]]''. In this context, a sanga was a body of soldiers in close formation, so Sangahyando's name refers to him cutting into his enemies' defences.
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | | |CAL| | |CAL=[[Calimehtar (son of Calmacil)| Calimehtar]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | |:| | |}}
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{{familytree| | | |CAS| | |CAS=[[Castamir]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | |!| | }}
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{{familytree| | | |SON| |SON= Sons of Castamir}}
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{{familytree| | |,|-|^|-|.|}}
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{{familytree| | |:| | | |:|}}
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{{familytree| | |:| | | |:|}}
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{{familytree| |ANG| |SAN| |ANG=[[Angamaitë]]|SAN='''Sangahyando'''}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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==Etymology==
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The [[Quenya]] name ''Sangahyando'' literally means "Throng-cleaver" (said to be interpretable as "hewer of hostile ranks"). The first element in the name is ''sanga'' ("throng").<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 116</ref>
  
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In the first edition of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', the name was misprinted as ''Sangahyanda''.<ref name=PE17/>
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'', [[Qenya]] ''sangahyando'' ("throng-cleaver") is said to be the name of a sword.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 388-9 (entries for STAG- and SYAD-)</ref><ref>{{VT|46a}}, p. 16</ref>
 
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[[Category:Dúnedain]]
 
[[Category:Dúnedain]]
 
[[Category:Haradrim]]
 
[[Category:Haradrim]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]

Revision as of 21:40, 18 January 2012

Sangahyando was a great-grandson of Castamir, who had usurped the throne of Gondor. After the rightful King, Eldacar, had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the Haven of Umbar, where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, Angamaitë, he led a raid on Pelargir nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, Minardil.[1]

Contents

Genealogy

 
 
 
Calimehtar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Castamir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sons of Castamir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Angamaitë
 
Sangahyando
 

Etymology

The Quenya name Sangahyando literally means "Throng-cleaver" (said to be interpretable as "hewer of hostile ranks"). The first element in the name is sanga ("throng").[2]

In the first edition of The Lord of the Rings, the name was misprinted as Sangahyanda.[2]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the Etymologies, Qenya sangahyando ("throng-cleaver") is said to be the name of a sword.[3][4]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", Minardil, p. 199
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 116
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 388-9 (entries for STAG- and SYAD-)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part Two" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 46, July 2004, p. 16