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Sar

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'''''sar''''' is a noun meaning "stone" in [[Quenya]]. It can also act as a prefix, as in '''''sard-'''''. Compare with ''[[sarn]]'' in [[Sindarin]].
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'''''sar''''' (pl. *'''sarni''') is a noun meaning "stone" in [[Quenya]].  
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==Etymology==
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From [[PQ]] *''sarno'', [[root]] [[SAR]].
  
In later versions of the Legendarium, it appears that Tolkien changed the Quenya stem to '''''sarn-'''''.
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''Sar'' is unusual in Quenya for being a proper one-syllable noun whose vowel is not compensatorily lengthened in the nominative case. One would expect *''sarno'' > **''sár''
 
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==Example==
''Sar'' is unusual in Quenya for being a proper one-syllable noun whose vowel is not compensatorily lengthened in the nominative case.
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* [[Elessar]]
 
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==Cognates==
Example:
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*[[Sindarin]]: ''[[sarn]]''
* [[Elessar]] = "Elf-stone"
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==Other versions==
 
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''[[The Etymologies]]'' give the stem of the word as ''sard-'' (eg. plural ''sardi'') however in another source, the stem of the name [[Elessar]] is given as ''Elesarno''<ref>{{VT|49a}}, p. 28</ref>. This, and the Sindarin word ''sarn'', point out that the stem was corrected by Tolkien to ''sarn-''.
==Inflection==
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{{references}}
{{qya-decl-rd|sa}}
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<small>
{{qya-decl-rn|sa}}
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== References ==
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* ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]'' by [[Ruth S. Noel]]
 
* ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]'' by [[Ruth S. Noel]]
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Kåre Fauskanger]]
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]</small>
 
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{{title|lowercase}}
 
[[Category: Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category: Quenya nouns]]

Latest revision as of 09:13, 9 November 2012

sar (pl. *sarni) is a noun meaning "stone" in Quenya.

[edit] Etymology

From PQ *sarno, root SAR.

Sar is unusual in Quenya for being a proper one-syllable noun whose vowel is not compensatorily lengthened in the nominative case. One would expect *sarno > **sár

[edit] Example

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Other versions

The Etymologies give the stem of the word as sard- (eg. plural sardi) however in another source, the stem of the name Elessar is given as Elesarno[1]. This, and the Sindarin word sarn, point out that the stem was corrected by Tolkien to sarn-.

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Three" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 49, June 2007, p. 28