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Sarn

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'''''Sarn''''' is a [[Sindarin]] noun and means "(small) stone".<ref name="silmap">[[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ''sarn''</ref>
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__NOTOC__
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'''''sarn''''' is a [[Sindarin]] word. As a noun it means "(small) stone" or "stony place" (outcrop of rock in softer ground, or in a river-bed).<ref name="silmap">{{S|Appendix}}, entry ''sarn''</ref><ref name=RC163>{{HM|RC}}, p. 163 (manuscript notes to the ''[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings|Nomenclature]]'')</ref> It is also glossed as "small stone, pebble".<ref>{{VT|42a}}, p. 11</ref>
  
Examples:
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As an adjective ''sarn'' means "stony".<ref name=RC163/><ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 775</ref>
*[[Sarn Athrad]], "Ford of Stones";<ref name="silmindex">[[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "Index"</ref> a ford in [[Beleriand]]
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==Etymology==
*[[Sarn Ford]], the same as Sarn Athrad (a half translation);<ref name="silmap"/> a ford to the south of [[The Shire]]
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In the [[The Etymologies|''Etymologies'']], [[Noldorin]] ''sarn'' ("stone as a material, or as adj.") derives from [[root]] [[SAR]].<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 385</ref>
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''Sarn'' is a [[Welsh]] word that means a causeway, a pavement or stepping-stone.<ref>[[Mark T. Hooker]], ''[[Tolkien and Welsh]]'', p. 213</ref>
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==Examples==
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*[[Sarn Athrad]]
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*[[Sarn Ford]]
 
*[[Sarn Gebir]], "stone spikes"<ref name="silmap"/>
 
*[[Sarn Gebir]], "stone spikes"<ref name="silmap"/>
 
*[[Serni]], derived from ''sarn''; a river in [[Gondor]]
 
*[[Serni]], derived from ''sarn''; a river in [[Gondor]]
 
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*[[Edhelharn|Edhel'''harn''']], Sindarin name of [[Aragorn|King Elessar]]
==Inflection==
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{{sjn-noun-s|arn|ern}}
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==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*''[[gond]]'', "stone"
 
*''[[gond]]'', "stone"
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==Cognates==
 
*''[[ondo]]'', "stone" ([[Quenya]] equivalent of ''gond'')
 
*''[[ondo]]'', "stone" ([[Quenya]] equivalent of ''gond'')
 
*''[[sar]]'', "(small) stone" (Quenya equivalent of ''sarn'')
 
*''[[sar]]'', "(small) stone" (Quenya equivalent of ''sarn'')
  
==References==
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{{references}}
<small><references/></small>
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{{title|lowercase}}
 
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[[Category:Noldorin adjectives]]
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[[Category:Noldorin nouns]]
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[[Category:Sindarin adjectives]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]

Latest revision as of 20:51, 19 October 2012

sarn is a Sindarin word. As a noun it means "(small) stone" or "stony place" (outcrop of rock in softer ground, or in a river-bed).[1][2] It is also glossed as "small stone, pebble".[3]

As an adjective sarn means "stony".[2][4]

[edit] Etymology

In the Etymologies, Noldorin sarn ("stone as a material, or as adj.") derives from root SAR.[5] Sarn is a Welsh word that means a causeway, a pavement or stepping-stone.[6]

[edit] Examples

[edit] See Also

[edit] Cognates

  • ondo, "stone" (Quenya equivalent of gond)
  • sar, "(small) stone" (Quenya equivalent of sarn)

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry sarn
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 163 (manuscript notes to the Nomenclature)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 11
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 775
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 385
  6. Mark T. Hooker, Tolkien and Welsh, p. 213