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sarn

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sarn is a Sindarin word. As a noun it means "(small) stone" or "stony place" (outcrop of rock in softer ground, or in a river-bed).[1][2] It is also glossed as "small stone, pebble".[3]

As an adjective sarn means "stony".[2][4]

[edit] Etymology

In the Etymologies, Noldorin sarn ("stone as a material, or as adj.") derives from root SAR.[5] Sarn is a Welsh word that means a causeway, a pavement or stepping-stone.[6]

[edit] Examples

[edit] See Also

[edit] Cognates

  • ondo, "stone" (Quenya equivalent of gond)
  • sar, "(small) stone" (Quenya equivalent of sarn)

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry sarn
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 163 (manuscript notes to the Nomenclature)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 11
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 775
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 385
  6. Mark T. Hooker, Tolkien and Welsh, p. 213