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{{History of Arda}}
 
{{History of Arda}}
Beginning in about the 584th year since the [[Return of the Noldor]] to [[Middle-earth]], the Second Age is the longest of the chronicled [[Ages]]. It began after the destruction of [[Beleriand]] in the [[War of Wrath]]. The founding of [[Lindon]] and the creation of [[Númenor]], the two major Elvish and Mannish kingdoms of the Age, took place soon afterwards.
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Beginning in about the 584th year since the [[Return of the Noldor]] to [[Middle-earth]], the Second Age is the longest of the chronicled [[Ages]]. It began after the destruction of [[Beleriand]] in the [[War of Wrath]], the founding of [[Lindon]] and the creation of [[Númenor]].
  
== Elvish Realms ==
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The Second Age was the [[Age of Númenor]]; the great island kingdom was created and peopled by the descendants of the [[Edain]] in the first years of the Age, and as the years passed, their power grew until it surpassed that of any nation of [[Men]], before or since. They sailed east, exploring Middle-earth and founding great cities there. Eventually, their power and pride became so great that they challenged the [[Valar]] themselves, and were destroyed.
  
Lindon was an Elvish realm ruled by [[Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]] in Middle-earth. It lay in what remained of Beleriand, between the mountains of [[Ered Luin]] and the [[Belegaer|Great Sea]]. From its [[Grey Havens]] Elven ships sailed daily to [[Aman|the West]]. Imladris, or [[Rivendell]], was founded by [[Elrond]] about halfway through the Age.
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The end of Númenor was not the end of the Second Age, though; a remnant of the [[Númenoreans]] led by [[Elendil]] escaped its wreck and founded kingdoms in Middle-earth: [[Arnor]] in the north and [[Gondor]] in the south. They formed a mighty alliance, the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]], and marched on [[Sauron]], who had grown great again, assailing the [[Dark Tower of Barad-dûr]]. With the first overthrow of Sauron by the Alliance, the Second Age came to its end.
  
In the early part of the Second Age many [[Noldorin]] Elves journeyed East of the Ered Luin and established the realm of [[Eregion]] near the [[Misty Mountains]]. These Elves, led by [[Celebrimbor]] son of [[Curufin]], became close friends with the [[Dwarves]] of [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]]. Together they made great endeavours in smithcraft, until the skill of the Elves reached a height never to be matched again. This attracted the attention of [[Sauron]], who tricked the Elves into making the [[Rings of Power]] by his aid. When the Elves perceived that he desired to rule them with [[the One Ring]], they resisted, and Sauron waged war against them. In this war, Eregion was destroyed and Celebrimbor killed.
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'''See also:'''
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* [[Timeline#The_2nd_Age|Timeline of The 2nd Age]]
  
== Mannish Realms ==
 
 
The Second Age was the Age of Númenor, the great island kingdom that was created for the descendants of the [[Edain]] in the first years of the Age, and as the years passed, their power grew until it surpassed that of any nation of [[Men]], before or since. They sailed east, exploring Middle-earth and founding great cities there. Eventually, their power and pride became so great that they challenged the [[Valar]] themselves, and were destroyed.
 
 
Most other Men in Middle-earth lived in simple tribal societies or were under the domination of Sauron. The men who served Sauron revered him as a god and feared him greatly. In the beginning of the Second Age, the [[Dúnedain]] attempted to help the Men of Middle-earth, but eventually desired to dominate them.
 
 
The Downfall of Númenor was not the end of the Second Age; a remnant of the [[Númenóreans]] led by [[Elendil]] escaped its wreck and founded kingdoms in Middle-earth: [[Arnor]] in the north and [[Gondor]] in the south. Along with [[Gil-galad]], they formed a mighty alliance, the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]], and marched on [[Sauron]], who had grown great again, assailing the Dark Tower of [[Barad-dûr]]. With the first overthrow of Sauron by the Alliance, the Second Age came to its end.
 
==Major events of the Second Age==
 
{| rules="all" style="border:1px solid darkgrey; border-collapse:collapse" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" width="100%"
 
!
 
! style="background:lightgrey; text-align:center" |Military<ref group=note>Only wars and isolated battles are mentioned as events; for battles being part of larger campaigns, look the campaigns' respective articles</ref>
 
! style="background:lightgrey; text-align:center" |Political
 
! style="background:lightgrey; text-align:center" |Other
 
|-
 
!|1st millennium
 
|
 
|
 
*Foundation of [[Lindon]] (1)
 
*Foundation of [[Númenor]] (32)
 
*[[Dwarves]] from [[Blue Mountains]] migrate to [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]]
 
*[[Númenóreans]] establish contact with [[Middle-earth]] (600)
 
*[[Lords of Andúnië]] title is created (630)
 
*[[Eregion]] is founded (750)
 
*[[Hirilondë]] is built (877)
 
|
 
*[[Sauron]] returns from the [[East]] (c. 500)
 
*Sauron constructs [[Barad-dur]] (1000)
 
|-
 
!|2nd millennium
 
|
 
*[[War of the Elves and Sauron]] (1693-1700)
 
|
 
*Númenóreans establish permanent havens in Middle-earth (1200)
 
*[[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]] come to [[Laurelindórenan]] (1400)
 
*[[Elrond]] founds [[Rivendell]] (1697)
 
*First [[shadow]] falls on Númenor (1900)
 
|
 
*The [[Rings of Power]] are constructed (1500)
 
*The [[Three Rings]] are constructed (1590)
 
*The [[One Ring]] is forged (1600)
 
|-
 
!|3rd millennium
 
|
 
|
 
*[[Haven of Umbar]] founded (2280)
 
*[[Pelargir]] is built (2350)
 
|
 
*Appearance of the [[Nazgûl]] (2259)
 
|-
 
!|4th millennium
 
|
 
*[[Ar-Pharazôn]] lands at the [[Haven of Umbar]] but Sauron surrenders without resistance (3261)
 
*[[War of the Last Alliance]] (3429-3441)
 
|
 
*[[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]] founded (3320)
 
*[[Last Alliance]] (3430)
 
|
 
*[[Downfall of Númenor]] and Changing of the World (3319)
 
*Defeat of Sauron and end of the Age (3441)
 
|}
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[Timeline/Second Age|Timeline of the Second Age]]
 
*[[Dark Years]]
 
*[[Middle Days]]
 
{{references|note}}
 
 
[[Category:Ages]]
 
[[Category:Ages]]
[[de:Das Zweite Zeitalter]]
 
[[fr:/encyclo/chronologie/second_age]]
 
[[fi:Toinen Aika]]
 

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