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Sindar

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'''Sindar''' (meaning ''Grey People'', singular ''Sinda'', although the later term was not generally used by Tolkien) are [[Elves]] of [[Teleri|Telerin]] descent.  They are also known as the '''Grey Elves'''.  Their language is [[Sindarin]]. The Kings of [[Doriath]], Elu [[Thingol]] and his grandson [[Dior]] Eluchil, were the High Kings of the Sindar.
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'''Sindar''' (meaning "Grey People", singular ''Sinda'', although the later term was not generally used by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]) were [[Elves]] of [[Teleri|Telerin]] descent.  They are also known as the '''Grey Elves'''.  Their language is [[Sindarin]]. The Kings of [[Doriath]], [[Elu Thingol]] and his grandson [[Dior Eluchíl]], were the High Kings of the Sindar.
  
The Sindar are "grey" perhaps because they were not [[Calaquendi|Elves of the Light]], never having actually set foot in [[Valinor]], but neither were they [[Avari]], since they did accept the invitation and set out on the journey (and therefore were technically counted among the [[Eldar]]). They are sometimes referred to as '''Elves of the Twilight'''. The term ''grey'' may also refer to Elu [[Thingol]]'s grey cloak. The term ''Sindar'' is actually not Sindarin in origin: it is the [[Quenya]] name devised by the [[Ñoldor|Ñoldorin]] exiles. It may also be related to ''Lindar'', the Telerin name for themselves. The name that the Sindar used for themselves was simply '''''Edhil''''' ("Elves", singular ''Edhel'').
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The Sindar are "grey" perhaps because they were not [[Calaquendi|Elves of the Light]], never having actually set foot in [[Valinor]], but neither were they [[Avari]], since they did accept the invitation and set out on the journey (and therefore were technically counted among the [[Eldar]]). They are sometimes referred to as '''"Elves of the Twilight"'''. The term "grey" may also refer to Elu Thingol's grey cloak. The term ''Sindar'' is actually not Sindarin in origin: it is the [[Quenya]] name devised by the [[Noldor|Noldorin]] exiles. It may also be related to '''''[[Lindar]]''''', the Telerin name for themselves. The name that the Sindar used for themselves was simply '''''Edhil''''' ("Elves", singular ''Edhel'').
  
The Teleri were the greatest host of the [[Eldar]].  They had two kings, the brothers [[Elwë]] Singollo (or Elu [[Thingol]] as he was later known in the Sindarin tongue) and [[Olwë]].  When the Teleri reached [[Beleriand]] during the [[Great Journey]] from [[Cuiviénen]], Thingol went wandering in the forests as was his wont.  In the forest of [[Nan Elmoth]] he met [[Melian]], one of the [[Maiar]].  They fell in love, and with Melian, Thingol stood spellbound in Nan Elmoth for several years.
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The Teleri were the greatest host of the Eldar.  They had two kings, the brothers [[Elwë]] (known as Elu Thingol in the Sindarin tongue) and [[Olwë]].  When the Teleri reached [[Beleriand]] during the [[Great Journey]] from [[Cuiviénen]], Thingol went wandering in the forests as was his wont.  In the forest of [[Nan Elmoth]] he met [[Melian]], one of the [[Maiar]].  They fell in love, and with Melian, Thingol stood spellbound in Nan Elmoth for several years.
  
In the meantime, Olwë and many of the Teleri could not delay longer, and went to [[Aman]] without Elwë and his following. Elwë's followers stayed in Beleriand, to search for their king. They later became known as the '''''Eglath''''' (or the "forsaken"). At long last he awoke from the spell and set up a kingdom in the midst of Beleriand: [[Eglador]] (Land of the Forsaken, or Land of the Elves. The etymology is not clear.). The [[Dwarves]] of [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]] in the [[Ered Luin]] (Blue Mountains) were contracted to aid in the building of the city of [[Menegroth]] (the Thousand Caves).
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In the meantime, Olwë and many of the Teleri could not delay longer, and went to [[Aman]] without Elwë and his following. Elwë's followers stayed in Beleriand, to search for their king. They later became known as the '''''Eglath''''' (the "Forsaken"). At long last he awoke from the spell and set up a kingdom in the midst of Beleriand: [[Eglador]] ("Land of the Forsaken" or "Land of the Elves", the etymology is not clear). The [[Dwarves]] of [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]] in the [[Blue Mountains]] were contracted to aid in the building of the city of [[Menegroth]].
  
Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of [[Ossë]] the Maia, who had fallen in love with the shores of [[Middle-earth]], and did not wish to depart. Their leader was [[Círdan]], and they established cities at [[Eglarest]] and [[Brithombar]]. They were known as the [[Falathrim]], or Elves of the [[Falas]] (Shore). They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their High King.
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Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of [[Ossë]] the [[Maia]], who had fallen in love with the shores of [[Middle-earth]], and did not wish to depart. Their leader was [[Círdan]], and they established cities at [[Eglarest]] and [[Brithombar]]. They were known as the [[Falathrim]], or "Elves of the [[Falas]]". They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their High King.
  
 
Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in [[Nevrast]] and [[Hithlum]] to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms.
 
Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in [[Nevrast]] and [[Hithlum]] to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms.
  
The Teleri of Eglador, the northlands, and the Falas were collectively known as the [[Sindar]], or Grey Elves, in later days, because they developed a civilisation all its own, which almost equalled that of the [[Calaquendi]] or Light Elves of [[Valinor]].   
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The Teleri of Eglador, the northlands, and the Falas were collectively known as the Sindar in later days, because they developed a civilisation all its own, which almost equalled that of the [[Calaquendi]] or Light Elves of [[Valinor]].   
  
A last group of Teleri in Beleriand were the [[Laiquendi]] or Green Elves: they were descended from the [[Nandor]], which had split from the Great Journey before the [[Hithaeglir]] (Misty Mountains), and gone south along the Great River ([[Anduin]]). A part of them, under [[Denethor of the Nandor|Denethor]] son of [[Dan]], crossed the [[Blue Mountains]] eventually, and settled in [[Ossiriand]], or as it was later known [[Lindon]] (land of the singers). They remained a people apart for long, although many of them removed to Thingol's realm after Denethor was killed.
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A last group of Teleri in Beleriand were the [[Laiquendi]] or "Green Elves". They were descended from the [[Nandor]], which had split from the Great Journey before the [[Misty Mountains]], and gone south along the [[Great River]]. A part of them, under [[Denethor of the Nandor|Denethor]] son of [[Lenwë]], crossed the Blue Mountains eventually, and settled in [[Ossiriand]], or as it was later known [[Lindon]] ("Land of the Singers"). They remained a people apart for long, although many of them removed to Thingol's realm after Denethor was killed.
  
Just before the arrival of the Ñoldorin exiles, the Dark Lord [[Morgoth]] returned to his old stronghold of [[Angband]], and his activities increased. Thingol had Melian use her magic to create a girdle of bewilderment around Eglador, so that nobody could enter without the king's permission. Ever after it was known as [[Doriath]] (Land of the Fence). Thingol remained High King of the Sindar and nominal Overlord of Beleriand, although especially the Ñoldor following of the sons of [[Fëanor]] usually ignored his commands.
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Just before the arrival of the Noldorin exiles, the Dark Lord [[Morgoth]] returned to his old stronghold of [[Angband]], and his activities increased. Thingol had Melian use her magic to create a girdle of bewilderment around Eglador, so that nobody could enter without the king's permission. Ever after it was known as [[Doriath]] ("Land of the Fence"). Thingol remained High King of the Sindar and nominal Overlord of Beleriand, although especially the Noldor following of the sons of [[Fëanor]] usually ignored his commands.
  
The language of the Sindar diverged from common Telerin over the long ages they were sundered from their kin, and became known as [[Sindarin]]. By the time the Ñoldor arrived in Beleriand, the languages had become mutually unintelligible, but the Ñoldor were quick to learn it. In the Second and Third Age, [[Sindarin]] became known as the Noble Tongue, and became the [[Elvish]] tongue used in daily speech throughout [[Middle-earth]] (helped by the decree of Thingol, who forbade the use of the Ñoldorin language in his realm). It was also adopted for daily use by the [[Númenor|Númenóreans]], and remained somewhat in use in the Realms in Exile of [[Gondor]] and [[Arnor]].
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The language of the Sindar diverged from common Telerin over the long ages they were sundered from their kin, and became known as Sindarin. By the time the Noldor arrived in Beleriand, the languages had become mutually unintelligible, but the Noldor were quick to learn it. In the Second and Third Age, Sindarin became known as the "Noble Tongue", and became the [[Elvish]] tongue used in daily speech throughout [[Middle-earth]] (helped by the decree of Thingol, who forbade the use of [[Quenya]] in his realm). It was also adopted for daily use by the [[Númenóreans]], and remained somewhat in use in the realms-in-exile of [[Gondor]] and [[Arnor]].
  
Sindarin eventually replaced Ñoldorin [[Quenya]] as the language used by the Ñoldor in [[Beleriand]], even in predominantly Ñoldorin settlements such as [[Gondolin]], although Quenya survived as a language of knowledge.
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Sindarin eventually replaced [[Quenya]] as the language used by the Noldor in [[Beleriand]], even in predominantly Noldorin settlements such as [[Gondolin]], although Quenya survived as a language of knowledge.
  
The [[Peredhil]], [[Elrond]] and [[Elros]], were partially of Sindarin Elven descent, as their mother [[Elwing]] was the daughter of [[Dior]], the son of [[Lúthien]], the daughter of [[Thingol]] and [[Melian]].
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[[Category:Grey Elves]]
 
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'''See also:''' ''[[The Silmarillion]]''
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Revision as of 23:30, 30 June 2006

Sindar (meaning "Grey People", singular Sinda, although the later term was not generally used by Tolkien) were Elves of Telerin descent. They are also known as the Grey Elves. Their language is Sindarin. The Kings of Doriath, Elu Thingol and his grandson Dior Eluchíl, were the High Kings of the Sindar.

The Sindar are "grey" perhaps because they were not Elves of the Light, never having actually set foot in Valinor, but neither were they Avari, since they did accept the invitation and set out on the journey (and therefore were technically counted among the Eldar). They are sometimes referred to as "Elves of the Twilight". The term "grey" may also refer to Elu Thingol's grey cloak. The term Sindar is actually not Sindarin in origin: it is the Quenya name devised by the Noldorin exiles. It may also be related to Lindar, the Telerin name for themselves. The name that the Sindar used for themselves was simply Edhil ("Elves", singular Edhel).

The Teleri were the greatest host of the Eldar. They had two kings, the brothers Elwë (known as Elu Thingol in the Sindarin tongue) and Olwë. When the Teleri reached Beleriand during the Great Journey from Cuiviénen, Thingol went wandering in the forests as was his wont. In the forest of Nan Elmoth he met Melian, one of the Maiar. They fell in love, and with Melian, Thingol stood spellbound in Nan Elmoth for several years.

In the meantime, Olwë and many of the Teleri could not delay longer, and went to Aman without Elwë and his following. Elwë's followers stayed in Beleriand, to search for their king. They later became known as the Eglath (the "Forsaken"). At long last he awoke from the spell and set up a kingdom in the midst of Beleriand: Eglador ("Land of the Forsaken" or "Land of the Elves", the etymology is not clear). The Dwarves of Nogrod and Belegost in the Blue Mountains were contracted to aid in the building of the city of Menegroth.

Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of Ossë the Maia, who had fallen in love with the shores of Middle-earth, and did not wish to depart. Their leader was Círdan, and they established cities at Eglarest and Brithombar. They were known as the Falathrim, or "Elves of the Falas". They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their High King.

Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in Nevrast and Hithlum to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms.

The Teleri of Eglador, the northlands, and the Falas were collectively known as the Sindar in later days, because they developed a civilisation all its own, which almost equalled that of the Calaquendi or Light Elves of Valinor.

A last group of Teleri in Beleriand were the Laiquendi or "Green Elves". They were descended from the Nandor, which had split from the Great Journey before the Misty Mountains, and gone south along the Great River. A part of them, under Denethor son of Lenwë, crossed the Blue Mountains eventually, and settled in Ossiriand, or as it was later known Lindon ("Land of the Singers"). They remained a people apart for long, although many of them removed to Thingol's realm after Denethor was killed.

Just before the arrival of the Noldorin exiles, the Dark Lord Morgoth returned to his old stronghold of Angband, and his activities increased. Thingol had Melian use her magic to create a girdle of bewilderment around Eglador, so that nobody could enter without the king's permission. Ever after it was known as Doriath ("Land of the Fence"). Thingol remained High King of the Sindar and nominal Overlord of Beleriand, although especially the Noldor following of the sons of Fëanor usually ignored his commands.

The language of the Sindar diverged from common Telerin over the long ages they were sundered from their kin, and became known as Sindarin. By the time the Noldor arrived in Beleriand, the languages had become mutually unintelligible, but the Noldor were quick to learn it. In the Second and Third Age, Sindarin became known as the "Noble Tongue", and became the Elvish tongue used in daily speech throughout Middle-earth (helped by the decree of Thingol, who forbade the use of Quenya in his realm). It was also adopted for daily use by the Númenóreans, and remained somewhat in use in the realms-in-exile of Gondor and Arnor.

Sindarin eventually replaced Quenya as the language used by the Noldor in Beleriand, even in predominantly Noldorin settlements such as Gondolin, although Quenya survived as a language of knowledge.