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Tar-Calmacil

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}}'''Tar-Calmacil''' was the eighteenth ruler of [[Númenor]]. He succeeded his father, [[Tar-Alcarin]], as King. His name means "Bright Sword", which he took in recognition of the territorial victories he had in [[Middle-earth]] as a renowned captain of Númenor.
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}}'''Tar-Calmacil''' was the eighteenth ruler of [[Númenor]]. ''Calmacil'' meant "Bright Sword", a name taken to recognize his extensive conquests along the coasts of [[Middle-earth]].  This activity angered [[Sauron]], yet he withdrew and concentrated on building power in the East.
  
He was also the first King to have recorded an [[Adûnaic]] equivalent of his name: [[Ar-Belzagar]]. This signaled the rise of a faction known as the [[King's Men]] who were opposed to the [[Ban of the Valar]].
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During his reign the [[King's Men]] called him by his name in [[Adûnaic]]: [[Ar-Belzagar]]. This was the first time that the King's name was spoken in this language.<ref>{{UT|Kings}}, Tar-Calmacil</ref>
  
There is a discrepancy in [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s writings as to Tar-Calmacil's successor: [[Tar-Ardamin]], his son, or [[Ar-Adûnakhôr]], his grandson. Specifically, in Appendix A of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', Ar-Adûnakhôr is listed as his successor, but in the more expanded [[The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor]] from ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', he is succeeded by Tar-Ardamin.
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== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree |ALC|ALC=[[Tar-Alcarin]]}}
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{{familytree | |!| |}}
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{{familytree |CAL|CAL='''TAR-CALMACIL'''}}
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{{familytree | |!| |}}
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{{familytree |ARD|ARD=[[Tar-Ardamin]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
  
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==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
* ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor]]
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In Appendix A of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', Ar-Adûnakhôr was listed as following Tar-Calmacil<ref>{{App|Numenor}}</ref> while in the more detailed [[The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor]] from the ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'' the next ruler was [[Tar-Ardamin]].  According to [[Christopher Tolkien]], Tar-Ardamin was simply omitted and did belong in the list.<ref>{{UT|Kings}}, Note 11</ref>
  
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Revision as of 22:53, 2 August 2011

This article is about the King of Númenor. For the King of Gondor, see Calmacil (King of Gondor).
Tar-Calmacil
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other namesAr-Belzagar (A)
TitlesKing of Númenor
AffiliationKing's Men
LanguageAdûnaic; used Quenya out of custom
BirthS.A. 2516
RuleS.A. 2737 - 2825 (88 years)
DeathS.A. 2825 (aged 309)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Alcarin
ChildrenTar-Ardamin, Gimilzagar
Physical Description
GenderMale
Tar-Calmacil was the eighteenth ruler of Númenor. Calmacil meant "Bright Sword", a name taken to recognize his extensive conquests along the coasts of Middle-earth. This activity angered Sauron, yet he withdrew and concentrated on building power in the East.

During his reign the King's Men called him by his name in Adûnaic: Ar-Belzagar. This was the first time that the King's name was spoken in this language.[1]

Genealogy

Tar-Alcarin
 
 
 
 
TAR-CALMACIL
 
 
 
 
Tar-Ardamin


Other Versions of the Legendarium

In Appendix A of The Lord of the Rings, Ar-Adûnakhôr was listed as following Tar-Calmacil[2] while in the more detailed The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor from the Unfinished Tales the next ruler was Tar-Ardamin. According to Christopher Tolkien, Tar-Ardamin was simply omitted and did belong in the list.[3]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Calmacil
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Númenor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Note 11
Preceded by:
Tar-Alcarin
18th King of Númenor
II 2737 - 2825
Followed by:
Tar-Ardamin