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Tar-Elendil

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'''Tar-Elendil''' ([[Second Age]] 350 751, aged 401 years) was the fourth [[King of Númenor]], ruling for 150 years, from Second Age 590 to 740. He was the eldest son of [[Tar-Amandil]].
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{{numenorean infobox
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| image=
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| name=Tar-Elendil
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| othernames=''Parmaitë'' ([[Quenya|Q]], "book-handed")
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| titles=[[King of Númenor]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Númenor]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Adûnaic]], [[Sindarin]] and [[Quenya]]
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| birth={{SA|350}}
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| birthlocation=Númenor
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| rule={{SA|590}} - {{SA|740|n}} (150 years)
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| death={{SA|751}}
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| deathlocation=Númenor
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| age=401
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| house=[[House of Elros]]
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| parentage=[[Tar-Amandil]]
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| siblings=[[Eärendur (son of Tar-Amandil)|Eärendur]] and [[Mairen]]
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Silmariën]], [[Isilmë]] and [[Írimon]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}'''Tar-Elendil''' was the fourth [[King of Númenor|King]] of [[Númenor]]. He was the eldest son of [[Tar-Amandil]]. Tar-Elendil received the nickname '''[[Parmaitë]]''' ("Book Handed" in [[Quenya]]) because of his love of making books from the legends and lore gathered by his grandfather [[Vardamir|Vardamir Nólimon]].<ref name="Kings">{{UT|Kings}}, Tar-Elendil</ref>
  
Tar-Elendil was called '''[[Parmaitë]]''' ("Book-in-Hand" in [[Quenya]]) because of his habit of making books from the legends and lore gathered by his grandfather [[Elros Tar-Minyatur]].  
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==History==
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During Tar-Elendil's reign, [[Vëantur]], the [[Captain of the King's Ships]], became the first [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] to return to [[Middle-earth]]. In the year {{SA|600}}, he arrived at the [[Grey Havens]] with his ship ''[[Entulessë]]'', and met [[Gil-galad|Ereinion Gil-galad]], [[High King of the Noldor]].<ref>{{UT|Numenor}}</ref>  Vëantur's daughter, [[Almarian]], wedded Tar-Meneldur, and their child [[Tar-Aldarion|Aldarion]] inherited his grandfather's love of the sea.<ref>{{UT|Wife}}</ref>
  
In the year 600 of the Second Age, [[Vëantur]], the [[Captain of the King's Ships]], became the first [[Númenórean]] to return to [[Middle-earth]]. Sailing his ship [[Entulessë]], he landed at the [[Grey Havens]] and met with [[Ereinion Gil-galad]], [[High King of the Noldor]]. Vëantur's daughter, [[Almarian]], would wed Tar-Elendil and their child, [[Aldarion]], would inherit his grandfather's love of the sea.
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Tar-Elendil had three children: two daughters, [[Silmariën]] and [[Isilmë]]; and one son, [[Írimon]].<ref>{{UT|earlier}}</ref> Silmariën was the eldest child, but because of the law of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnatic_primogeniture agnatic primogeniture] that existed in Númenor at that time, Írimon inherited the Sceptre and ruled as [[Tar-Meneldur]]. Silmariën became important in her own right as the link of the [[Lords of Andúnië]] to the royal house; her son was [[Valandil (Lord of Andúnië)|Valandil]], the first Lord.<ref name="Kings"/> For an unknown reason, Tar-Elendil also passed the [[Ring of Barahir]] down to Silmariën instead of his son. This choice, over ''many'' generations, allowed [[Aragorn]] to bear this heirloom during his coronation at the end of the [[War of the Ring]].
 
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Tar-Elendil had three children: two daughters, [[Silmariën]] and [[Isilmë]], and one son, [[Irimon]]. Silmariën was the eldest child, but because of the law of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnatic_primogeniture agnatic primogeniture] Irimon would take up the [[Sceptre]] as [[Tar-Meneldur]]. Silmariën would become important in her own right as the ancestress of the [[:Category:Lords of Andúnië|Lords of Andúnië]]. For an unknown reason, Tar-Elendil also passed the [[Ring of Barahir]] down to her instead of his son. This choice, over ''many'' generations, allowed [[Aragorn II|Aragorn]] to bear the heirloom during his coronation as [[Aragorn Elessar]], King of the [[Reunited Kingdom]], at the end of the [[War of the Ring]].
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== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
Elendil means "Friend of the [[Elves]]" in [[Quenya]] (from ''[[elen]]'' = "star, Elf" and ''-[[dil]]'' = "friend, lover, devoted to").
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Elendil means "Friend of the [[Elves]]" in Quenya (from ''[[elen]]'' "star, Elf" and ''-ndil'' "friend, lover, devoted to"). Like all the rulers of Númenor who took their royal names in Quenya, Elendil added the prefix ''tar-'' ("high") to his name when he received the Scepter.
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Tar-Elendil's [[Adûnaic]] name was "Ar-[[Nimruzîr]]" although it is not mentioned by Tolkien.<ref>[http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/adunaic.htm Ardalambion Article on Adûnaic]</ref>
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
<code>
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{{familytree/start}}
                  [[Tar-Amandil]]
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | |AMA| | | | | | |AMA=[[Tar-Amandil]]}}
                      |
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{{familytree | | | | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | | | | | | | |}}
          ____________|_________
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{{familytree | | | | |ELE| |EAR| |MAR| |VEN|ELE='''TAR-ELENDIL'''|EAR=[[Eärendur (son of Tar-Amandil)|Eärendur]]|MAR=[[Mairen]]|VEN=[[Vëantur]]}}
          |           |         |
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{{familytree | | | | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |!| |}}
          |           |         |
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{{familytree |ELA|y|SIL| |ISI| |MEN|y|ALM|ELA=[[Elatan]]|SIL=[[Silmariën]]|ISI=[[Isilmë]]|MEN=[[Tar-Meneldur]]|ALM=[[Almarian]]}}
      '''TAR-ELENDIL'''   [[Eärendur, son of Tar-Amandil|Eärendur]]   [[Mairen]]         [[Vëantur]]
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{{familytree | | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | |}}
          |                                       |
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{{familytree | | |VAL| | | | | | | | | |ALD| | |VAL=[[Valandil (Lord of Andúnië)|Valandil]]|ALD=[[Tar-Aldarion]]}}
      ____|_________________________              |
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{{familytree/end}}
    |                   |         |             |
+
    |                   |         |             |        
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[[Silmariën]] = [[Elatan]]   [[Isilmë]]   [[Tar-Meneldur]] = [[Almarian]]
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          |                                 |
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          |                                 |
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        [[Valandil of Númenor|Valandil]]                        [[Tar-Aldarion]]
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</code>
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{{sequence
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|prev=[[Tar-Amandil]]
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|next=[[Tar-Meneldur]]
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|list=4th [[King of Númenor]]<br><code>II</code> 590 – 740
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}}
+
  
==External link==
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{{seq-start}}
*[http://www.taibu.net/familytree Family-Tree of the Eldar and Atani]
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{{seq-head
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| race=numenorean
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| house=[[House of Elros]]
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| born={{SA|350}}
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| died={{SA|751}}
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}}
 +
{{seq
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| prev=[[Tar-Amandil]]
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| list=4th [[King of Númenor]]
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| dates={{SA|590}} - {{SA|740|n}}
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| next=[[Tar-Meneldur]]
 +
}}
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{{seq-end}}
  
[[Category:Númenóreans]]
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{{references}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Elendil}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:House of Elros]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
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[[de:Tar-Elendil]]
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[[fa:تار-الندیل]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/tar-elendil]]
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[[fi:Tar-Elendil]]

Revision as of 12:26, 4 November 2012

Tar-Elendil
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other namesParmaitë (Q, "book-handed")
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin and Quenya
BirthS.A. 350
Númenor
RuleS.A. 590 - 740 (150 years)
DeathS.A. 751 (aged 401)
Númenor
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Amandil
SiblingsEärendur and Mairen
ChildrenSilmariën, Isilmë and Írimon
Physical Description
GenderMale
Tar-Elendil was the fourth King of Númenor. He was the eldest son of Tar-Amandil. Tar-Elendil received the nickname Parmaitë ("Book Handed" in Quenya) because of his love of making books from the legends and lore gathered by his grandfather Vardamir Nólimon.[1]

Contents

History

During Tar-Elendil's reign, Vëantur, the Captain of the King's Ships, became the first Númenórean to return to Middle-earth. In the year S.A. 600, he arrived at the Grey Havens with his ship Entulessë, and met Ereinion Gil-galad, High King of the Noldor.[2] Vëantur's daughter, Almarian, wedded Tar-Meneldur, and their child Aldarion inherited his grandfather's love of the sea.[3]

Tar-Elendil had three children: two daughters, Silmariën and Isilmë; and one son, Írimon.[4] Silmariën was the eldest child, but because of the law of agnatic primogeniture that existed in Númenor at that time, Írimon inherited the Sceptre and ruled as Tar-Meneldur. Silmariën became important in her own right as the link of the Lords of Andúnië to the royal house; her son was Valandil, the first Lord.[1] For an unknown reason, Tar-Elendil also passed the Ring of Barahir down to Silmariën instead of his son. This choice, over many generations, allowed Aragorn to bear this heirloom during his coronation at the end of the War of the Ring.

Etymology

Elendil means "Friend of the Elves" in Quenya (from elen "star, Elf" and -ndil "friend, lover, devoted to"). Like all the rulers of Númenor who took their royal names in Quenya, Elendil added the prefix tar- ("high") to his name when he received the Scepter.

Tar-Elendil's Adûnaic name was "Ar-Nimruzîr" although it is not mentioned by Tolkien.[5]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Amandil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TAR-ELENDIL
 
Eärendur
 
Mairen
 
Vëantur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elatan
 
Silmariën
 
Isilmë
 
Tar-Meneldur
 
Almarian
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Valandil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Aldarion
 
 


Tar-Elendil
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 350 Died: S.A. 751
Preceded by:
Tar-Amandil
4th King of Númenor
S.A. 590 - 740
Followed by:
Tar-Meneldur

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Elendil
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
  5. Ardalambion Article on Adûnaic