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Tar-Meneldur

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'''Tar-Meneldur''' ([[Second Age]] 543 942, aged 399 years) was the fifth King of [[Númenor]], ruling from Second Age 740 to 883. His name means "Servant of Heaven". His two older sisters were [[Silmariën]] and [[Isilmë]].
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{{Royalty infobox
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| image=
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| name= Tar-Meneldur
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| othernames= Írimon, Elentirmo
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| birth= [[Second Age|II]] 543
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| rule= II 740, abdicated in 883
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| death= II 942
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| realms= [[Númenor]]
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| race= [[Men]] ([[Dúnedain]])
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| gender= Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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|}}
  
He succeeded his father, [[Tar-Elendil]] because the rules of succession did not allow women to rule, promoting the principle of agnatic primogeniture. Had the principle of equal primogeniture been followed instead, control of the throne would pass to Silmariën.
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'''Tar-Meneldur''' was the fifth [[King of Númenor|King]] of [[Númenor]]. Though he was the youngest child of [[Tar-Elendil]], Tar-Meneldur received the [[Sceptre]] due to the laws of royal succession that existed in Númenor at that time. His elder siblings, [[Silmariën]] and [[Isilmë]], were both female and thus not eligible to rule the realm. Tar-Meneldur's birth name was Írimon, and he also received the title Elentirmo.
  
He married [[Almarian]] and had three children:
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During the rule of Tar-Meneldur, the Númenóreans began exploring [[Middle-earth]] in earnest. Contact with the [[Middle Men]] of [[Eriador]] was reestablished, under the guidance of the [[Elves]] of [[Lindon]]. Tar-Meneldur at first encouraged the Númenórean explorers, and allowed his son [[Aldarion]] to establish a [[Guild of Venturers]], which became one of the most powerful organisations in Númenor. Aldarion led many of the voyages to Middle-earth, and he established the first Númenórean settlements in the [[Great Lands]], although none of them were permanent. Aldarion's long absences from Númenor began to cause strife between him and his father, since Tar-Meneldur wanted him to remain on the island and give more thought to taking care of the realm. Eventually, when Aldarion would not yield to his father's will, Tar-Meneldur began taking stricter measures against his son's travels, such as refusing his relatives to bless Aldarion's voyages and limiting the felling of trees in Númenor. However, after Aldarion returned after a particularly long and harsh voyage, he showed respect to Tar-Meneldur again, and the King and his son were reconciled.
# Anardil, son; later known as [[Tar-Aldarion|Aldarion]]
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# Ailinel, daughter -- she would become the mother of [[Soronto]].
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# Almiel, daughter
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During the rule of Tar-Meneldur contact with the [[Middle Men]] of [[Eriador]] was reestablished, under guidance of the [[Elves]] of [[Lindon]], under [[Gil-galad]]. Tar-Meneldur encouraged the seafarers, and allowed his son Aldarion to establish a guild of seafarers, which became one of the most powerful organisations in Númenor. Many voyages along the coasts were made at this time, and the first settlements were made in [[Middle-earth]] by Númenórean explorers, although none of them permanent yet. These early settlements were however the later cores of [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], and the reestablished contact of Númenóreans with their distant kin allowed the [[Adûnaic]] tongue to merge with local, far akin languages, eventually leading to the [[Westron]] speech. This would in later years prove to be one of the greatest assets to the power of Númenor in Middle-earth.
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Additionally, Tar-Meneldur encouraged his son to marry, and played a significant role in turning Aldarion's eye toward [[Erendis]]. However, Aldarion's voyages dismayed Erendis as well, and together with his wife [[Almarian]], Tar-Meneldur attempted to mediate between the two. For a time they were successful, and Aldarion and Erendis were wed, but Aldarion soon left again for Middle-earth. It was during his long absence in Middle-earth soon after their marriage, that Erendis gave up hope in Aldarion and left the royal court for her home. By the time Aldarion returned, even Tar-Meneldur's best attempts to heal relations between them could not seal the breach.
  
Near the end of Tar-Meneldur's rule reports came in that evil began to stir in the east of Middle-earth (the first awakenings of [[Sauron]], as was later learned), and Gil-galad requested the aid of Tar-Meneldur. Recognizing his son Aldarion was more aware of the troubles, and was a powerful leader of men, Meneldur resigned in favour of his son, far earlier than was expected.
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Near the end of Tar-Meneldur's rule, [[Gil-galad]] sent him a letter via Aldarion that requested the aid of the King and his people against a new [[Shadow]] (which was actually the first stirring of [[Sauron]]) that had arisen in the East of Middle-earth. Tar-Meneldur was unable to decide how to respond to this request. Recognizing that his son Aldarion was more aware of the troubles, and was a powerful leader of men, Tar-Meneldur resigned in favour of him, far earlier than was expected.
  
On the family front Meneldur, together with his wife Almarian, attempted to mediate between his son Aldarion and betrothed Erendis, who had become estranged. For a time they were successful, and Aldarion and Erendis were wed, but Aldarion soon left again for sea. It was during the long absence in Middle-earth, a time during which Aldarion was instructed by Gil-galad, that Erendis left the royal court for her home. By the time Aldarion returned even Meneldur's best attempts could not seal the breach.
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Tar-Meneldur and Almarian had three children: one son, [[Anardil]] (more well known as [[Tar-Aldarion|Aldarion]]); and two daughters, [[Ailinel]] and [[Almiel]].
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== Etymology ==
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All of Tar-Meneldur's names were in [[Quenya]]. Meneldur means "Servant of the Heavens" (from Quenya ''menel'' "the Heavens" and ''-ndur'' "servant"); Írimon took this name because of his love for stargazing. Írimon itself means "Beautiful Man" (from ''írima'' "beautiful" and ''-on'', a masculine suffix). Elentirmo signifies "Star Watcher" (from ''elen'' "star", ''tir'' "watch", and ''mo'', a masculine agentive suffix). Like all the rulers of Númenor who took their royal names in Quenya, Meneldur added the prefix ''tar-'' ("high") to his title when he received the Sceptre.
  
Meneldur died in Second Age 942, at the age of 399 years.
 
 
{{sequence
 
{{sequence
 
  |prev=[[Tar-Elendil]]
 
  |prev=[[Tar-Elendil]]

Revision as of 11:58, 13 November 2006

Template:Royalty infobox

Tar-Meneldur was the fifth King of Númenor. Though he was the youngest child of Tar-Elendil, Tar-Meneldur received the Sceptre due to the laws of royal succession that existed in Númenor at that time. His elder siblings, Silmariën and Isilmë, were both female and thus not eligible to rule the realm. Tar-Meneldur's birth name was Írimon, and he also received the title Elentirmo.

During the rule of Tar-Meneldur, the Númenóreans began exploring Middle-earth in earnest. Contact with the Middle Men of Eriador was reestablished, under the guidance of the Elves of Lindon. Tar-Meneldur at first encouraged the Númenórean explorers, and allowed his son Aldarion to establish a Guild of Venturers, which became one of the most powerful organisations in Númenor. Aldarion led many of the voyages to Middle-earth, and he established the first Númenórean settlements in the Great Lands, although none of them were permanent. Aldarion's long absences from Númenor began to cause strife between him and his father, since Tar-Meneldur wanted him to remain on the island and give more thought to taking care of the realm. Eventually, when Aldarion would not yield to his father's will, Tar-Meneldur began taking stricter measures against his son's travels, such as refusing his relatives to bless Aldarion's voyages and limiting the felling of trees in Númenor. However, after Aldarion returned after a particularly long and harsh voyage, he showed respect to Tar-Meneldur again, and the King and his son were reconciled.

Additionally, Tar-Meneldur encouraged his son to marry, and played a significant role in turning Aldarion's eye toward Erendis. However, Aldarion's voyages dismayed Erendis as well, and together with his wife Almarian, Tar-Meneldur attempted to mediate between the two. For a time they were successful, and Aldarion and Erendis were wed, but Aldarion soon left again for Middle-earth. It was during his long absence in Middle-earth soon after their marriage, that Erendis gave up hope in Aldarion and left the royal court for her home. By the time Aldarion returned, even Tar-Meneldur's best attempts to heal relations between them could not seal the breach.

Near the end of Tar-Meneldur's rule, Gil-galad sent him a letter via Aldarion that requested the aid of the King and his people against a new Shadow (which was actually the first stirring of Sauron) that had arisen in the East of Middle-earth. Tar-Meneldur was unable to decide how to respond to this request. Recognizing that his son Aldarion was more aware of the troubles, and was a powerful leader of men, Tar-Meneldur resigned in favour of him, far earlier than was expected.

Tar-Meneldur and Almarian had three children: one son, Anardil (more well known as Aldarion); and two daughters, Ailinel and Almiel.

Etymology

All of Tar-Meneldur's names were in Quenya. Meneldur means "Servant of the Heavens" (from Quenya menel "the Heavens" and -ndur "servant"); Írimon took this name because of his love for stargazing. Írimon itself means "Beautiful Man" (from írima "beautiful" and -on, a masculine suffix). Elentirmo signifies "Star Watcher" (from elen "star", tir "watch", and mo, a masculine agentive suffix). Like all the rulers of Númenor who took their royal names in Quenya, Meneldur added the prefix tar- ("high") to his title when he received the Sceptre.

Preceded by:
Tar-Elendil
5th King of Númenor
II 740 – 883
Followed by:
Tar-Aldarion