Tolkien Gateway

Telerin

(Difference between revisions)
(External Link)
(Updated web and references)
 
(34 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Telerin''' was the language of the [[Teleri]] of [[Aman]], a tongue related to both [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]].
+
'''Telerin''' was a word used to refer to the tongues of any Elf-people that are of [[Lindar]] origin but is best reserved for the language of the Teleri that came to [[Valinor]], the [[Falmari]]<ref>{{PE|18}}, p.77</ref>; it is a tongue related to both [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]].
It is also called '''''Lindalambe''''' or '''''Lindárin'''''. In Aman the speakers of Telerin outnumbered the speakers of [[Quenya]], much as did the [[Teleri]] outnumber the [[Vanyar]] and [[Noldor]]. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] stated that from the viewpoint of speakers of [[Quenya]], Telerin was a "closely related language still largely intelligible" (''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''). However, the phonology of the two languages differed much, with Telerin often being more conservative than [[Quenya]].
+
 
 +
It is also called '''''Lindalambe''''' or '''''Lindárin'''''.
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
The language of the Falmari descended from [[Common Telerin]], an ancient dialect of the [[Common Eldarin]] spoken during the [[Great March]]. From the viewpoint of the speakers of [[Quenya]] (who considered their language the main direct descendant of Common Eldarin), they considered Telerin (a direct descendant of Common Telerin) a "dialect of Quenya". Telerin was therefore considered a closely related language still largely intelligible.<ref>{{WJ|Quendi}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
However, the phonology of the two languages differed much, with Telerin often being more conservative than [[Quenya]]. In [[Aman]] the speakers of Telerin outnumbered the speakers of [[Quenya]], much as the [[Teleri]] outnumbered the [[Vanyar]] and [[Noldor]].
 +
 
 +
The coexistence with the Teleri made the Noldor want to differientate themselves from the [[Vanyarin|speech of the Vanyar]]. For example the Vanyar pronounced /f/ very soft, almost like /hw/, but the Noldor resisted this change through influence from the Teleri.<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
Also, the Teleri prized silver above gold, and their skill as silversmiths was esteemed even by the Noldor who seemed to prefer the Telerin word ''[[telpe]]'' ("silver") intead the Quenya form ''[[tyelpë]]''.<ref>{{UT|6e}}, p. 266</ref>
  
 
[[Finarfin]] is said to have learned Telerin. He also gave his sons Telerin-influenced Quenya names.
 
[[Finarfin]] is said to have learned Telerin. He also gave his sons Telerin-influenced Quenya names.
  
== External Link ==
+
==Grammar==
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/telerin.htm Ardalambion article on Telerin]
+
A notable difference from Quenya was that the possessive endings were suffixed to a word of something possessed, not possessing. For example "[[Olwe]]'s house" is ''[[cava]]ria Olue'' (lit. "house-his Olue").<ref>{{WJ|B}}, p. 369</ref>
*[http://docs.google.com/View?docID=dc25cq9n_14sd8ksdgg&revision=_latest&hgd=1 Wordlist of Telerin] (contains entries not found in the above article)
+
 
[[Category:Languages]]
+
==Other versions==
 +
''Telerin'' is a name of a language appearing in ''[[The Etymologies]]'', where about 25 words of that language are given.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}</ref> This version of Telerin was more related to [[Ilkorin]] than to [[Qenya]] or [[Kornoldorin]].{{fact}}
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[:Category:Telerin words|Category: Telerin words]]
 +
 
 +
== External links ==
 +
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/telerin.htm Telerin - ''the language of the Sea-elves''] at [[Ardalambion]]
 +
*[http://www.sindanoorie.net/art/Telerin000.html Enquiry into the Telerin language]
 +
*[http://web.archive.org/web/20170614132222/http://midgardsmal.com/on-telerin/ On Telerin] (on Web Archive) by [[David Salo]]
 +
*[http://glaemscrafu.jrrvf.com/english/telerin.html Texts and sound samples] at [[Glǽmscrafu]]
 +
{{references}}
 +
{{languages}}
 +
[[Category:Telerin| ]]
 +
[[de:Telerin]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/langues/telerin]]
 +
[[fi:Teleri (kieli)]]

Latest revision as of 12:50, 2 January 2020

Telerin was a word used to refer to the tongues of any Elf-people that are of Lindar origin but is best reserved for the language of the Teleri that came to Valinor, the Falmari[1]; it is a tongue related to both Quenya and Sindarin.

It is also called Lindalambe or Lindárin.

Contents

[edit] History

The language of the Falmari descended from Common Telerin, an ancient dialect of the Common Eldarin spoken during the Great March. From the viewpoint of the speakers of Quenya (who considered their language the main direct descendant of Common Eldarin), they considered Telerin (a direct descendant of Common Telerin) a "dialect of Quenya". Telerin was therefore considered a closely related language still largely intelligible.[2]

However, the phonology of the two languages differed much, with Telerin often being more conservative than Quenya. In Aman the speakers of Telerin outnumbered the speakers of Quenya, much as the Teleri outnumbered the Vanyar and Noldor.

The coexistence with the Teleri made the Noldor want to differientate themselves from the speech of the Vanyar. For example the Vanyar pronounced /f/ very soft, almost like /hw/, but the Noldor resisted this change through influence from the Teleri.[3]

Also, the Teleri prized silver above gold, and their skill as silversmiths was esteemed even by the Noldor who seemed to prefer the Telerin word telpe ("silver") intead the Quenya form tyelpë.[4]

Finarfin is said to have learned Telerin. He also gave his sons Telerin-influenced Quenya names.

[edit] Grammar

A notable difference from Quenya was that the possessive endings were suffixed to a word of something possessed, not possessing. For example "Olwe's house" is cavaria Olue (lit. "house-his Olue").[5]

[edit] Other versions

Telerin is a name of a language appearing in The Etymologies, where about 25 words of that language are given.[6] This version of Telerin was more related to Ilkorin than to Qenya or Kornoldorin.[source?]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Tengwesta Qenderinwa and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets Part 2", in Parma Eldalamberon XVIII (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p.77
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel", p. 266
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: B. Meanings and use of the various terms applied to the Elves and their varieties in Quenya, Telerin, and Sindarin", p. 369
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"
Languages in Tolkien's works
Elvish languages Avarin · Common Eldarin · Nandorin · Primitive Quendian · Quenya (Exilic · Valinorean · Vanyarin) · Silvan · Sindarin (Doriathrin · Falathrin · Númenórean · Mithrim · Old) · Telerin
Mannish languages Adûnaic · Dalish · Drúedainic · Dunlendish · Pre-Númenórean · Rohirric · Taliska · Westron (Hobbitish)
Dwarvish languages Iglishmêk · Khuzdul
Other languages Black Speech · Entish · Orkish · Valarin · Warg-language
Earlier legendarium Gnomish · Ilkorin · Noldorin (Kornoldorin) · Qenya
Outside the legendarium Animalic · Arktik · Mágol · Naffarin · Nevbosh
Scripts Angerthas/Cirth (Daeron · Erebor · Moria) · Gnomic Letters · Goblin Alphabet · Gondolinic Runes · Moon-letters · Tengwar · Sarati · Valmaric script
"A Secret Vice" (book) · "The Lhammas" · "The Tree of Tongues" · Sub-creation