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The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

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The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
Cover of The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
AuthorRobert Foster
PublisherRandom House Publishing Group
ReleasedSeptember 2003

The Complete Guide to Middle-earth is a reference book for the fictional universe of J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth, compiled and edited by Robert Foster.

Originally published before the publication of The Silmarillion the first edition contained only Lord of the Rings-only information. In 1977, a new edition containing Silmarillion material was published soon after.

A revised edition was published in 2001 in time for Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings (ISBN 0345449762).

It is generally recognised as excellent reference book on the subject[source?]


No edition of the book includes info on post-Silmarillion material (i.e. Unfinished Tales and The History of Middle-earth series) and therefore in points it is outdated or in error.


Foster speculates that the tragic relations with his father and wife were because he left no male heirs. The later published text Aldarion and Erendis elaborated this situation


Foster supports the usual misunderstanding that Bladorthin's spears were not delivered because he died early, while the text doesn't mention it.[1]


Foster mentions the singular of mearas as meara while the correct form is mearh


Foster relates the Elvish words ambar "world" and umbar "fate". In the entry of Ambar, he mentions it is a concept related to fate of the world. Later corpus showed that a distinct word ambar is actually linked to the root for "home".

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