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The Lord of the Rings Appendices

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'''The Lord of the Rings Appendices''' were published in ''[[The Return of the King]]'' and were the reason that the release of the book was delayed.
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'''''The Lord of the Rings'' Appendices''' were published in ''[[The Return of the King]]'' and were the reason that the release of the book was delayed.
  
Many translations lack the Appendices or only include a selection of them. In a number of cases the Appendices were, wholly or partly, published as a separate volume. It has even happened that those Appendices that were not or only partly included in the official translation were published in a fan publication{{ref|1}}.
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==Overview==
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The appendices of ''The Lord of the Rings'' comprises six parts:
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* [[Appendix A]]: ''Annals of the Kings and Rulers''
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**   I The Númenórean Kings
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**  II The House of Eorl
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** III Durin's Folk
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* [[Appendix B]]: ''The Tale of Years'' (Chronology of the Westlands)
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* [[Appendix C]]: ''Family Trees'' (Hobbits)
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* [[Appendix D]]: ''Calendars''
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** Shire Calendar for use in all years
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** The Calendars
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* [[Appendix E]]: ''Writing and Spelling''
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**  I Pronunciation of Words and Names
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** II Writing
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* [[Appendix F]]
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**  I The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age
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** II On Translation
  
This has not been entirely without sanction. As soon as the prospect of translations began to be discussed, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] stated that he was willing to allow "reduction or omission in parts" of the Appendices (whereas he would "not tolerate the abridgement or re-arrangement" of the narrative). "Only Appendix A v, [the ''[[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen|Tale of Aragorn and Arwen]]''] ... is really essential to the story."{{ref|2}} When objecting to translation of names into Dutch he proposed "to substitute for some of the least-wanted Appendices a glossary of names"{{ref|3}}. He subsequently wrote to the [[Max Schuchart|Dutch translator]], suggesting which part of the appendices might be omitted from the Dutch translation, apparently these included F II and D exept for the section on the [[Shire Calendar]]{{ref|4}}. Later he suggested dropping "Appendix D (other than the Shire Calendar); probably most of App. E II, and most of F II" in general{{ref|5}}.
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==Translations==
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Many translations lack the Appendices or only include a selection of them. In a number of cases the Appendices were, wholly or partly, published as a separate volume. It has even happened that those Appendices that were not or only partly included in the official translation were published in a fan publication.<ref>[[Wayne G. Hammond]], [[Douglas A. Anderson]], ''[[J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography]]'' p. 401 (Japanese)</ref><ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Lars-Terje Lysemose]] (translator), “Appendiks D”, published in ''[[Athelas (journal)|Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening]]'' #9 (February [[1995]])</ref><ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Lars-Terje Lysemose]] (translator), “Appendiks E: Skriftmål og stavning”, published in ''[[Athelas (journal)|Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening]]'' #10 (May [[1995]])</ref><ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Lars-Terje Lysemose]] (translator), “Appendiks F”, published in ''[[Athelas (journal)|Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening]]'' #11 (October [[1995]])</ref>
  
When the Swedish publishers proposed to omit the Appendices altogether, Tolkien replied "I have no objection (...) to the omission of C, D (exept for the Shire Calendar ...), E ii and F ii. Omission of the remainder would be, in differing degrees, damaging to the book as a whole. In the case of Het Spectrum [the Dutch translation], A and B and the Shire Calendar were retained, and that is the arrangement that I favour. I feel strongly that the minimum is retention of A (v) 'Of Aragorn and Arwen', and the Shire Calendar ..."{{ref|6}}; in this reply he also agreed the Appendices could be published in a separate volume. As a result, the Swedish translation contained only 'The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen' and Appendix D. Subsequently, however, all Appendices exept parts of E II and F II were published as a separate volume. Likewise, the Dutch translation of all Appendices exept F II has been included in some later editions in one or three volumes, and also published as a separate volume. In one edition F II was also included. But the example set in the first instance by the publishers of the first two translations was followed in several other languages.
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This has not been entirely without sanction. As soon as the prospect of translations began to be discussed, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] stated that he was willing to allow “reduction or omission in parts” of the Appendices (whereas he would “not tolerate the abridgement or re-arrangement” of the narrative). “Only Appendix A v, [the ''[[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen|Tale of Aragorn and Arwen]]''] ... is really essential to the story.”<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''Letter of [[6 April|April 6]], [[1956]]'', quoted in [[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 488</ref> When objecting to translation of names into Dutch he proposed “to substitute for some of the least-wanted Appendices a glossary of names”.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Humphrey Carpenter]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (eds.), ''[[The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien]]'', [[Letter 190]] (dated [[3 July|July 3]], [[1956]]), also quoted in [[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 493</ref> He subsequently wrote to the [[Max Schuchart|Dutch translator]], suggesting which part of the appendices might be omitted from the Dutch translation, apparently these included F II and D except for the section on the [[Shire Calendar]].<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''Letter of [[29 March|March 29]], [[1957]]'', quoted in [[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 504 and vol. II p. 1035</ref> Later he suggested dropping “Appendix D (other than the Shire Calendar); probably most of App. E II, and most of F II” in general.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''Letter of [[29 May|May 29]], [[1958]]'', quoted in [[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 527 and vol. II p. 1035</ref>
  
In 1968 [[Allen and Unwin]] published a one volume paperback edition, including only Appendix A I v, 'The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen'. Apparently this was done because a paperback thick enough to include all Appendices could not be produced economically. Tolkien agreed, but he made a special plea to include 'The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen'{{ref|7}}. This is the only edition (several print runs of which were issued hardbound as book club editions) in English known not to include the complete Appendices. But it seems to have given numerous publishers of translations the idea or excuse to likewise include only 'The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen'.
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When the Swedish publishers proposed to omit the Appendices altogether, Tolkien replied “I have no objection (...) to the omission of C, D (except for the Shire Calendar ...), E ii and F ii. Omission of the remainder would be, in differing degrees, damaging to the book as a whole. In the case of Het Spectrum [the Dutch translation], A and B and the Shire Calendar were retained, and that is the arrangement that I favour. I feel strongly that the minimum is retention of A (v) ‘Of Aragorn and Arwen’, and the Shire Calendar ...”;<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''Letter of [[24 January|January 24]], [[1961]]'', quoted in [[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 568 and vol. II p. 1035</ref> in this reply he also agreed the Appendices could be published in a separate volume. As a result, the Swedish translation contained only ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’ and Appendix D. Subsequently, however, all Appendices except parts of E II and F II were published as a separate volume. Likewise, the Dutch translation of all Appendices except F II has been included in some later editions in one or three volumes, and also published as a separate volume. In one edition F II was also included. But the example set in the first instance by the publishers of the first two translations was followed in several other languages.
  
== Notes ==
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In [[1968]] [[Allen and Unwin]] published a one volume paperback edition, including only Appendix A I v, ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’. Apparently this was done because a paperback thick enough to include all Appendices could not be produced economically. Tolkien agreed, but he made a special plea to include ''[[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen]]''.<ref>[[Christina Scull]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 720</ref> This is the only edition in English (several print runs of which were issued hardbound as book club editions) known not to include the complete Appendices. But it seems to have given numerous publishers of translations the idea or excuse to likewise include only ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’.
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# {{note|1}} [[Wayne G. Hammond]] and [[Douglas A. Anderson]], ''[[J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography]]'' p. 401 (Japanese); also ''Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening (Journal of the Tolkien Society of Denmark)'' #9, #10 and #11 (1995), as reported in [[Vinyar Tengwar]] [[Vinyar Tengwar 37|#37]] (1995) p. 30 and [[Vinyar Tengwar 38|#38]] (1997) p. 33.
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==See also==
# {{note|2}} Letter of April 6, 1956, quoted in [[Christina Scull]] and Wayne G. Hammond, ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]'', vol. I p. 488.
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*[[The Lord of the Rings Appendices/Quotations|''The Lord of the Rings'' Appendices/Quotations]]
# {{note|3}} Letter of July 3, 1956, [[The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien|Letters]] #190:7, also quoted in Scull and Hammond, ''The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide'', vol. I p. 493.
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# {{note|4}} Letter of March 29, 1957, mentioned in Scull and Hammond, ''The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide'', vol. I p. 504 and vol. II p. 1035.
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{{References}}
# {{note|5}} Letter of May 29, 1958, quoted in Scull and Hammond, ''The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide'', vol. I p. 527 and vol. II p. 1035.
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# {{note|6}} Letter of January 24, 1961, quoted in Scull and Hammond, ''The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide'', vol. I p. 568 and vol. II p. 1035.
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# {{note|7}} Scull and Hammond, ''The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide'', vol. I p. 720.
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Latest revision as of 15:56, 19 October 2012

The Lord of the Rings Appendices were published in The Return of the King and were the reason that the release of the book was delayed.

Contents

[edit] Overview

The appendices of The Lord of the Rings comprises six parts:

  • Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers
    •   I The Númenórean Kings
    •  II The House of Eorl
    • III Durin's Folk
  • Appendix B: The Tale of Years (Chronology of the Westlands)
  • Appendix C: Family Trees (Hobbits)
  • Appendix D: Calendars
    • Shire Calendar for use in all years
    • The Calendars
  • Appendix E: Writing and Spelling
    •  I Pronunciation of Words and Names
    • II Writing
  • Appendix F
    •  I The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age
    • II On Translation

[edit] Translations

Many translations lack the Appendices or only include a selection of them. In a number of cases the Appendices were, wholly or partly, published as a separate volume. It has even happened that those Appendices that were not or only partly included in the official translation were published in a fan publication.[1][2][3][4]

This has not been entirely without sanction. As soon as the prospect of translations began to be discussed, Tolkien stated that he was willing to allow “reduction or omission in parts” of the Appendices (whereas he would “not tolerate the abridgement or re-arrangement” of the narrative). “Only Appendix A v, [the Tale of Aragorn and Arwen] ... is really essential to the story.”[5] When objecting to translation of names into Dutch he proposed “to substitute for some of the least-wanted Appendices a glossary of names”.[6] He subsequently wrote to the Dutch translator, suggesting which part of the appendices might be omitted from the Dutch translation, apparently these included F II and D except for the section on the Shire Calendar.[7] Later he suggested dropping “Appendix D (other than the Shire Calendar); probably most of App. E II, and most of F II” in general.[8]

When the Swedish publishers proposed to omit the Appendices altogether, Tolkien replied “I have no objection (...) to the omission of C, D (except for the Shire Calendar ...), E ii and F ii. Omission of the remainder would be, in differing degrees, damaging to the book as a whole. In the case of Het Spectrum [the Dutch translation], A and B and the Shire Calendar were retained, and that is the arrangement that I favour. I feel strongly that the minimum is retention of A (v) ‘Of Aragorn and Arwen’, and the Shire Calendar ...”;[9] in this reply he also agreed the Appendices could be published in a separate volume. As a result, the Swedish translation contained only ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’ and Appendix D. Subsequently, however, all Appendices except parts of E II and F II were published as a separate volume. Likewise, the Dutch translation of all Appendices except F II has been included in some later editions in one or three volumes, and also published as a separate volume. In one edition F II was also included. But the example set in the first instance by the publishers of the first two translations was followed in several other languages.

In 1968 Allen and Unwin published a one volume paperback edition, including only Appendix A I v, ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’. Apparently this was done because a paperback thick enough to include all Appendices could not be produced economically. Tolkien agreed, but he made a special plea to include The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen.[10] This is the only edition in English (several print runs of which were issued hardbound as book club editions) known not to include the complete Appendices. But it seems to have given numerous publishers of translations the idea or excuse to likewise include only ‘The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen’.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. Wayne G. Hammond, Douglas A. Anderson, J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography p. 401 (Japanese)
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Lars-Terje Lysemose (translator), “Appendiks D”, published in Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening #9 (February 1995)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Lars-Terje Lysemose (translator), “Appendiks E: Skriftmål og stavning”, published in Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening #10 (May 1995)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Lars-Terje Lysemose (translator), “Appendiks F”, published in Athelas, Tidsskrift for Danmarks Tolkienforening #11 (October 1995)
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter of April 6, 1956, quoted in Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 488
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 190 (dated July 3, 1956), also quoted in Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 493
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter of March 29, 1957, quoted in Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 504 and vol. II p. 1035
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter of May 29, 1958, quoted in Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 527 and vol. II p. 1035
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter of January 24, 1961, quoted in Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 568 and vol. II p. 1035
  10. Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, vol. I p. 720


The Lord of the Rings Appendices
Appendix A · Appendix B · Appendix C · Appendix D · Appendix E · Appendix F



The Lord of the Rings
Foreword · Prologue · The Fellowship of the Ring · The Two Towers · The Return of the King · Appendices · Index