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The Real Middle-earth

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The Real Middle-earth: Magic and Mystery in the Dark Ages
The Real Middle-earth.png
AuthorBrian Bates
PublisherSidgwick & Jackson
Released8 November 2002[1]
FormatHardcover with dustwrapper

The Real Middle-earth: Magic and Mystery in the Dark Ages a 2002 book by Brian Bates.

From the publisher

Tolkien readily admitted that the concept of Middle-earth was not his own invention but an Old English term for the Dark Age world. The Anglo-Saxons and Vikings believed their universe was held together by an interlaced web of golden threads visible only to wizards, and at its centre was the realm of Middle-earth, peopled by humans but imbued with spiritual power. Drawing on historical and archaeological research, Brian Bates uncovers the Middle-earth that centres on England - a home to dragons, elves, dwarves and demons - a land where spells had real force.

About the Author Brian Bates is Professor of Psychology and Consciousness at the University of Brighton. He is a leading writer on the spiritual world of the Anglo-Saxon and Norse cultures. His most recent book, co-authored with John Cleese, was The Human Face. He also writes for the Sunday Times, Observer and Express.


  1. "The Real Middle-earth: Magic and Mystery in the Dark Ages", (accessed 5 April 2012)