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Tolkien came up with the title under deadline pressure and later expressed dissatisfaction with it. In letters and one sketch he considered several possible sets of towers, including [[Minas Tirith]] and the [[Barad-dûr]], and even the possibility of leaving the matter ambiguous.  However, he eventually settled on [[Orthanc]] and [[Minas Morgul]] and wrote a note to this effect which appears at the end of most editions of ''The Fellowship of the Ring''. He also produced a final cover illustration showing these towers, but the publisher decided not to use it in order to save money on the production costs.
 
Tolkien came up with the title under deadline pressure and later expressed dissatisfaction with it. In letters and one sketch he considered several possible sets of towers, including [[Minas Tirith]] and the [[Barad-dûr]], and even the possibility of leaving the matter ambiguous.  However, he eventually settled on [[Orthanc]] and [[Minas Morgul]] and wrote a note to this effect which appears at the end of most editions of ''The Fellowship of the Ring''. He also produced a final cover illustration showing these towers, but the publisher decided not to use it in order to save money on the production costs.
  
Loosely, any pair from a set of five towers in the story could plausibly fit the title:  [[Tower of Cirith Ungol|Cirith Ungol]], Orthanc, Minas Tirith, Barad-dûr, and Minas Morgul.
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Loosely, any pair from a set of five towers in the story could plausibly fit the title:  [[Cirith Ungol]], Orthanc, Minas Tirith, Barad-dûr, and Minas Morgul.
  
A trailer of ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers]]'' interprets the title as referring to the alliance between Orthanc and Barad-dûr.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvCktPUwkW0 Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers - Trailer] ([[Galadriel: "There is a union now between the Two Towers: Barad-dûr, fortress of the Dark Lord Sauron; and Orthanc, stronghold of the Wizard Saruman.")</ref> (Minas Morgul doesn't appear until [[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|the next film]]).
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A trailer of ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers]]'' interprets the title as referring to the alliance between Orthanc and Barad-dûr.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvCktPUwkW0 Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers - Trailer] ([[Galadriel: "There is a union now between the Two Towers: Barad-dûr, fortress of he Dark Lord Sauron; and Orthanc, stronghold of the Wizard Saruman.")</ref> (Minas Morgul doesn't appear until [[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|the next film]]).
  
 
==Structure==
 
==Structure==
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=== Chapters ===
 
=== Chapters ===
  
*'''I - [[The Departure of Boromir]]''' - An uncertain and troubled Aragorn finds Boromir wounded with with many orc-arrows; Boromir tells him that orcs had taken Merry and Pippin alive. Boromir dies, and Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli send his body down the stream on a 'funeral boat.' After much debate, the 'Three Hunters' set forth to track the [[Uruk-hai]] who had captured Merry and Pippin, rather than pursuing Frodo and Sam, who were making their way to Mordor.  
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*'''I - [[The Departure of Boromir]]''' - Aragorn finds Boromir hit with many arrows, who tells him that orcs took Merry and Pippin, and they were still alive. Boromir dies, and his body is set down the stream on a 'funeral boat.'; Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli decide to follow the orcs who had captured Merry and Pippin, rather than following Frodo and Sam. The three of them set off to chase the orcs.
 
*'''II - [[The Riders of Rohan]]''' - They follow the trail of the orcs and find several clues as to what happened with the hobbits, then meet a company of [[Rohirrim]] led by [[Éomer]], who tell them that the orcs were destroyed and none were left alive. They camp near the site of the orc massacre.
 
*'''II - [[The Riders of Rohan]]''' - They follow the trail of the orcs and find several clues as to what happened with the hobbits, then meet a company of [[Rohirrim]] led by [[Éomer]], who tell them that the orcs were destroyed and none were left alive. They camp near the site of the orc massacre.
*'''III - [[The Uruk-hai]]''' - This chapter begins further back in time, telling the story of Merry and Pippin being captured by the orcs, who are led by [[Uglúk]] from Saruman's army, and [[Grishnákh]] from Mordor. The two sides of orcs are constantly arguing. The orcs camp near Fangorn, and Grishnakh attempts to take the hobbits away with him. The hobbits escape as Grishnákh is killed from an arrow. They flee into Fangorn Forest as the orcs are attacked by the men of Rohan.
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*'''III - [[The Uruk-hai]]''' - This chapter begins further back in time, telling the story of Merry and Pippin being captured by the orcs, who are lead by [[Uglúk]] from Saruman's army, and [[Grishnákh]] from Mordor. The two sides of orcs are constantly arguing. The orcs camp near Fangorn, and Grishnakh attempts to take the hobbits away with him. The hobbits escape as Grishnákh is killed from an arrow. They flee into Fangorn Forest as the orcs are attacked by the men of Rohan.
 
*'''IV - [[Treebeard (chapter)|Treebeard]]''' - Merry and Pippin meet Treebeard the Ent, who calls an Entmoot, a gathering of Ents in Derndingle. The hobbits meet another ent, [[Quickbeam]]. The ents decide at the entmoot after three days, to attack Isengard.
 
*'''IV - [[Treebeard (chapter)|Treebeard]]''' - Merry and Pippin meet Treebeard the Ent, who calls an Entmoot, a gathering of Ents in Derndingle. The hobbits meet another ent, [[Quickbeam]]. The ents decide at the entmoot after three days, to attack Isengard.
 
*'''V - [[The White Rider]]''' - The chapter goes back to the story of Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli, who discover signs that the hobbits escaped the orcs into the forest. They meet an old man, who they at first presume to be Saruman, but who turns out to be Gandalf. They set off for Edoras.
 
*'''V - [[The White Rider]]''' - The chapter goes back to the story of Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli, who discover signs that the hobbits escaped the orcs into the forest. They meet an old man, who they at first presume to be Saruman, but who turns out to be Gandalf. They set off for Edoras.
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===Book IV===
 
===Book IV===
Frodo and Sam discover [[Gollum]] stalking them as they try to reach [[Mount Doom]] to destroy [[the One Ring]]. Gollum hopes to reclaim the Ring. Sam loathes and distrusts him, but Frodo pities him. Gollum promises to lead them to a secret entrance to Mordor and for a time appears to be a true ally. They first stop at the Black gate of Mordor, where Gollum persuades them not to go in, where they would have been surely caught.  They head south into Ithilien, and are captured by [[Faramir]], the brother of Boromir. Faramir learns from Frodo of his brother, with Faramir expressing his belief that Boromir is dead. Frodo tells of the plan to destroy the ring, and Faramir allows them to go on their way. Gollum leads them into the lair of [[Shelob]], an enormous spiderlike creature, who inflicts her poisonous bite on Frodo. Sam resolves to finish the quest himself and takes the Ring. But when Orcs take Frodo's body, he follows them and learns that Frodo is not dead but unconscious and now their prisoner. The last line of the book is "Frodo was alive but taken by the enemy."
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Frodo and Sam discover [[Gollum]] stalking them as they try to reach [[Mount Doom]] to destroy [[the One Ring]]. Gollum hopes to reclaim the Ring. Sam loathes and distrusts him, but Frodo pities him. Gollum promises to lead them to a secret entrance to Mordor and for a time appears to be a true ally. They first stop at the Black gate of Mordor, where Gollum persuades them not to go in, where they would have been surely caught.  They head south into Ithilien, and are captured by [[Faramir]], the brother of Boromir. Faramir learns from Frodo of his brother's death and of the plan to destroy the ring, and allows them to go on their way. Gollum leads them into the lair of [[Shelob]], an enormous spiderlike creature, who inflicts her poisonous bite on Frodo. Sam resolves to finish the quest himself and takes the Ring. But when Orcs take Frodo's body, he follows them and learns that Frodo is not dead but unconscious and now their prisoner. The last line of the book is "Frodo was alive but taken by the enemy."
  
 
=== Chapters ===
 
=== Chapters ===
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*'''III - [[The Black Gate is Closed]]''' - They reach the gate of Mordor, Gollum persuades them not to go in, and to head south.
 
*'''III - [[The Black Gate is Closed]]''' - They reach the gate of Mordor, Gollum persuades them not to go in, and to head south.
 
*'''IV - [[Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit]]''' - They reach the pleasant country of [[Ithilien]]. Title refers to the rabbits Gollum catches that Sam cooks; the smoke from the fire causes them to be seen by men of Gondor led by Faramir, and they witness an attack on a Southron army, and an [[Oliphaunts|Oliphaunt]].  
 
*'''IV - [[Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit]]''' - They reach the pleasant country of [[Ithilien]]. Title refers to the rabbits Gollum catches that Sam cooks; the smoke from the fire causes them to be seen by men of Gondor led by Faramir, and they witness an attack on a Southron army, and an [[Oliphaunts|Oliphaunt]].  
*'''V - [[The Window on the West]]''' - Frodo and Sam are captured by Faramir's men and they are blindfolded on their way to [[Henneth Annûn]]. Frodo tells Faramir of his brother Boromir's part in the Fellowship.
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*'''V - [[The Window on the West]]''' - Frodo and Sam are captured by Faramir's men and they are blindfolded on their way to [[Henneth Annûn]]. Frodo tells Faramir of his brother Boromir's death.
 
*'''VI - [[The Forbidden Pool]]''' - Faramir shows Frodo they have found Gollum at the Forbidden pool. Frodo saves him from being shot by Faramir's men.
 
*'''VI - [[The Forbidden Pool]]''' - Faramir shows Frodo they have found Gollum at the Forbidden pool. Frodo saves him from being shot by Faramir's men.
 
*'''VII - [[Journey to the Cross-Roads]]''' - Frodo, Sam and Gollum leave Faramir. They travel to the crossroad of the road east between [[Osgiliath]] and [[Minas Morgul]], and the north-south road from the Black Gate to the southlands.
 
*'''VII - [[Journey to the Cross-Roads]]''' - Frodo, Sam and Gollum leave Faramir. They travel to the crossroad of the road east between [[Osgiliath]] and [[Minas Morgul]], and the north-south road from the Black Gate to the southlands.

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