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Thingol

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| titles=[[King of Doriath]],<br/>"Lord of Beleriand"
 
| titles=[[King of Doriath]],<br/>"Lord of Beleriand"
 
| position=
 
| position=
| realm=[[Doriath]]
+
| location=[[Doriath]]
 
| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
 
| language=[[Doriathrin]] ([[Sindarin]] dialect)
 
| language=[[Doriathrin]] ([[Sindarin]] dialect)
| birth={{YT|1050}}
+
| birth={{YT|1050}} or later
 
| birthlocation=[[Cuiviénen]]
 
| birthlocation=[[Cuiviénen]]
 
| rule={{YT|1152}} - {{FA|502}} (3837 years)
 
| rule={{YT|1152}} - {{FA|502}} (3837 years)
 
| death={{FA|502}}<ref group="note">His death is placed under the year 502 in [[The Grey Annals]], but according to the story introduced into ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' by [[Christopher Tolkien]] it should have rather occurred immediately after the reforging of [[Nauglamír]], while the Sack of Doriath remained in the following year.</ref>
 
| death={{FA|502}}<ref group="note">His death is placed under the year 502 in [[The Grey Annals]], but according to the story introduced into ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' by [[Christopher Tolkien]] it should have rather occurred immediately after the reforging of [[Nauglamír]], while the Sack of Doriath remained in the following year.</ref>
 
| deathlocation=[[Menegroth]], [[Doriath]]
 
| deathlocation=[[Menegroth]], [[Doriath]]
| age=4814
+
| age=c. 4814
 
| house=
 
| house=
 
| parentage=
 
| parentage=
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== History ==
 
== History ==
 
=== Ambassador of the Valar ===
 
=== Ambassador of the Valar ===
Thingol was born at [[Cuiviénen]]<ref group="note">This information is from the ''[[Cuivienyarna]]'', part of ''[[Quendi and Eldar]]'', a late revision of the [[legendarium]] by Tolkien. In the published ''The Silmarillion'', Elu Thingol ''awoke'' at Cuiviénen, instead of being ''born'' there. See [[Awakening of the Elves]].</ref> in the days before the [[Sun]] and the [[Moon]], when [[Middle-earth]] was lit only by starlight. Three millennia later, after the [[Chaining of Melkor]], the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Oromë]] took three Elves, [[Ingwë]], Finwë, and Elwë, to [[Valinor]] to convince the [[Eldar]] to join the Valar in the [[Blessed Realm]]. Upon their return, the Elven ambassadors convinced many of the Eldar to join them on the [[Great Journey]] to the West.  During the thousand mile journey, the Elven host separated into three groups, the [[Vanyar]], [[Noldor]], and [[Teleri]]. The Teleri, led by Elwë and his brother Olwë, were the largest and slowest group, and were the last to reach the western shores of [[Middle-earth]]. The Noldorin Elves had already left for Valinor, and the Teleri were forced to wait for the ''"island shuttle"''.
+
Thingol was born at [[Cuiviénen]]<ref group="note">This information is from the ''[[Cuivienyarna]]'', part of ''[[Quendi and Eldar]]'', a late revision of the [[legendarium]] by Tolkien. ''The Silmarillion'' does not clarify wheether Elu Thingol ''awoke'' at Cuiviénen or was ''born'' there. See [[Awakening of the Elves]].</ref> in the days before the [[Sun]] and the [[Moon]], when [[Middle-earth]] was lit only by starlight.  
 +
 
 +
After the [[Chaining of Melkor]], the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Oromë]] took three Elves, [[Ingwë]], Finwë, and Elwë, to [[Valinor]] to convince the [[Eldar]] to join the Valar in the [[Blessed Realm]]. Upon their return, the Elven ambassadors convinced many of the Eldar to join them on the [[Great Journey]] to the West.  During the thousand mile journey, the Elven host separated into three groups, the [[Vanyar]], [[Noldor]], and [[Teleri]]. The Teleri, led by Elwë and his brother Olwë, were the largest and slowest group, and were the last to reach the western shores of [[Middle-earth]]. The Noldorin Elves had already left for Valinor, and the Teleri were forced to wait for the ''"island shuttle"''.
  
 
During this time Elwë wandered into the [[Nan Elmoth|Forest of Nan Elmoth]], where he met and fell in love with [[Melian]] the [[Maiar|Maia]]. Caught in an enchantment of their own making, Elwë and Melian could not be found by the searching Teleri.  When the Valar returned to take the remaining Elves to Valinor, only some of them followed Olwë across the [[Belegaer|Great Sea]]. The rest had come to love the lands of [[Beleriand]] and refused to leave without their missing lord.
 
During this time Elwë wandered into the [[Nan Elmoth|Forest of Nan Elmoth]], where he met and fell in love with [[Melian]] the [[Maiar|Maia]]. Caught in an enchantment of their own making, Elwë and Melian could not be found by the searching Teleri.  When the Valar returned to take the remaining Elves to Valinor, only some of them followed Olwë across the [[Belegaer|Great Sea]]. The rest had come to love the lands of [[Beleriand]] and refused to leave without their missing lord.
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=== The Nauglamír and Thingol's Doom ===
 
=== The Nauglamír and Thingol's Doom ===
 +
[[File:Henning Janssen - Nauglamir and the Doom of Thingol.jpg|thumb|left|[[Henning Janssen]] - Nauglamir and the Doom of Thingol]]
 
Thingol became obsessed with the Silmaril and hired some [[Dwarves]] to place it in the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves. The Dwarven craftsmen also became obsessed with the jewel and slew Thingol for possession of it, setting off a chain of events that led to the destruction of [[Doriath]] and the scattering of its people.
 
Thingol became obsessed with the Silmaril and hired some [[Dwarves]] to place it in the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves. The Dwarven craftsmen also became obsessed with the jewel and slew Thingol for possession of it, setting off a chain of events that led to the destruction of [[Doriath]] and the scattering of its people.
  
 
Thingol's heir was [[Dior]], son of Beren and Lúthien.
 
Thingol's heir was [[Dior]], son of Beren and Lúthien.
 
+
==Character and traits==
 
Thingol's sword was called ''[[Aranrúth]]'' ("King's Ire").  His crown was described in the ''[[Lay of Leithian]]'' as crafted of gold and studded with red rubies and clear crystal.
 
Thingol's sword was called ''[[Aranrúth]]'' ("King's Ire").  His crown was described in the ''[[Lay of Leithian]]'' as crafted of gold and studded with red rubies and clear crystal.
  
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{{references|note}}
 
{{references|note}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Children of Húrin]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:High Elves]]
 
[[Category:High Elves]]

Revision as of 12:33, 4 November 2012

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Thingol
Sinda
Biographical Information
Other namesElwë (Q), Elu (S);
Singollo (Q),
"King Greymantle";
"The Hidden King"
TitlesKing of Doriath,
"Lord of Beleriand"
LocationDoriath
LanguageDoriathrin (Sindarin dialect)
BirthY.T. 1050 or later
Cuiviénen
RuleY.T. 1152 - F.A. 502 (3837 years)
DeathF.A. 502[note 1] (aged c. 4814)
Menegroth, Doriath
Family
SiblingsOlwë and Elmo
SpouseMelian
ChildrenLúthien Tinúviel
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorSilver
WeaponryAranrúth

Thingol ([ˈθiŋɡol]), also known as Elu (S, pron. [ˈelu]), was the King of Doriath and High King of the Sindar. Known as Elwë during the first years of the Eldar, he was the older brother of Olwë and Elmo.[note 2] He was also a good friend of Finwë, High King of the Noldor. His hair was grey and he was the tallest of all Elves and Men.[1] Thingol would become a central figure of The Silmarillion, instigating the Quest for the Silmaril, the greatest victory of the First Age, but ultimately the cause of his own doom.

Contents

History

Ambassador of the Valar

Thingol was born at Cuiviénen[note 3] in the days before the Sun and the Moon, when Middle-earth was lit only by starlight.

After the Chaining of Melkor, the Vala Oromë took three Elves, Ingwë, Finwë, and Elwë, to Valinor to convince the Eldar to join the Valar in the Blessed Realm. Upon their return, the Elven ambassadors convinced many of the Eldar to join them on the Great Journey to the West. During the thousand mile journey, the Elven host separated into three groups, the Vanyar, Noldor, and Teleri. The Teleri, led by Elwë and his brother Olwë, were the largest and slowest group, and were the last to reach the western shores of Middle-earth. The Noldorin Elves had already left for Valinor, and the Teleri were forced to wait for the "island shuttle".

During this time Elwë wandered into the Forest of Nan Elmoth, where he met and fell in love with Melian the Maia. Caught in an enchantment of their own making, Elwë and Melian could not be found by the searching Teleri. When the Valar returned to take the remaining Elves to Valinor, only some of them followed Olwë across the Great Sea. The rest had come to love the lands of Beleriand and refused to leave without their missing lord.

King of Doriath

J.R.R. Tolkien - Elwe Heraldic Device.jpg
Over a thousand years passed before Elwë appeared again with his bride Melian. He gathered his people together and founded the Kingdom of Doriath. His subjects would become the Sindar, or "Grey Elves", and their language was Sindarin. From then on Elwë was known as King Elu Thingol, and he claimed lordship over all the lands in Beleriand. While Thingol was King of the Grey Elves, who never saw the light of the Two Trees, as an Ambassador for the Valar he was counted as a High Elf, and equal to any lord of the Eldar.

On Melian's advice, Thingol became an ally of the Dwarves of Belegost, who carved the caverns of Menegroth for him. In payment he gave them the great pearl Nimphelos.

A thousand years before the first rising of the Sun and the Moon the Green-elves entered Beleriand under Denethor. Thingol welcomed them and gave them the lands of Ossiriand, which they named Lindon. The Green Elves told of the spread of Orcs and other foul creatures in the north and east of Middle-earth. The Grey Elves began arming themselves.

Centuries later Melkor returned to Middle-earth. Now named Morgoth, he had destroyed the Two Trees, killed Finwë, the High King of the Noldor, and stolen the fabled Silmarils. Seeking to claim dominion quickly, he launched a sudden assault on the lands of the Sindar. The First Battle of Beleriand went well for Thingol, who prevented any Orcs from invading Doriath, but the Green Elves took horrific losses and the Elves of the Coasts were besieged.

The Elves of the Coasts were finally saved by the arrival of the Noldor, who launched the Dagor-nuin-Giliath ("Battle Under the Stars"). Morgoth's forces were crushed and the Noldor began their long Siege of Angband.

Thingol and the Noldor

After the First Battle of Beleriand, Doriath was encircled by the Girdle of Melian, an impenetrable fog that guarded the kingdom. While his own kingdom was protected, Thingol was still loath to surrender any other lands in Beleriand to the Noldor as he was suspicious of the aggressive new lords in Middle-earth.

"In Hithlum the Noldor have leave to dwell, and in the highlands of Dorthonion, and in the lands east of Doriath that are empty and wild... for I am the Lord of Beleriand, and all who seek to dwell there shall hear my word."
The Silmarillion, "Of the Return of the Noldor"

King Thingol's relations with the Noldor were strained, and grew worse decades later when he learned the truth of the Kinslaying. Thingol banned the use of Quenya in his lands, which led to Sindarin being the common Elven tongue in Middle-earth. The King of Doriath refused to aid the Noldor in the war against Morgoth, and took little part in the Siege of Angband or the Dagor Bragollach ("War of Sudden Flame").

The Quest for the Silmaril

Thingol and Melian had one child, a daughter named Lúthien, said to be the fairest woman ever to live. Lúthien fell in love with a man named Beren. Thingol did not wish for the two to wed, as he valued his daughter very highly and disliked Men. As a bride-price he asked for a Silmaril from the crown of Morgoth, thinking there was no way that Beren could fulfill this demand. It was, however, this very bride-price that killed him.

The Nauglamír and Thingol's Doom

Henning Janssen - Nauglamir and the Doom of Thingol

Thingol became obsessed with the Silmaril and hired some Dwarves to place it in the Nauglamír, the Necklace of the Dwarves. The Dwarven craftsmen also became obsessed with the jewel and slew Thingol for possession of it, setting off a chain of events that led to the destruction of Doriath and the scattering of its people.

Thingol's heir was Dior, son of Beren and Lúthien.

Character and traits

Thingol's sword was called Aranrúth ("King's Ire"). His crown was described in the Lay of Leithian as crafted of gold and studded with red rubies and clear crystal.

Etymology

His epessë (honorary name) was Thingol (thind "grey" and coll "mantle") which means "Greycloak".[2]

Quenya tradition names him Elwë and Singollo.

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
House of Bëor
 
Melian
 
THINGOL
Y.T. 1050 - F.A. 502
 
Olwë
Y.T. 1050 -
 
Elmo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beren
F.A. 432 - 503
 
 
 
Lúthien
Y.T. 1200 - F.A. 503
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dior
F.A. 470 - 506
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Thingol
None
Position created
King of Doriath
Y.T. 1152F.A. 502
Followed by:
Dior

See Also

Notes

  1. His death is placed under the year 502 in The Grey Annals, but according to the story introduced into The Silmarillion by Christopher Tolkien it should have rather occurred immediately after the reforging of Nauglamír, while the Sack of Doriath remained in the following year.
  2. Elmo is a later addition by Tolkien and is not in the published The Silmarillion.
  3. This information is from the Cuivienyarna, part of Quendi and Eldar, a late revision of the legendarium by Tolkien. The Silmarillion does not clarify wheether Elu Thingol awoke at Cuiviénen or was born there. See Awakening of the Elves.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Thingol and Melian"