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Thráin I

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{{disambig-two|Thráin I, the first King under the Mountain|father of [[Thorin Oakenshield|Thorin II Oakenshield]]|[[Thráin II]]}}
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{{disambig-two|Thráin I, the first King under the Mountain|father of [[Thorin|Thorin II Oakenshield]]|[[Thráin II]]}}
 
{{dwarves infobox
 
{{dwarves infobox
| image=[[Image:King under the Mountain.jpg|250px]]
+
| image=[[File:Christina Wald - King under the Mountain.jpg|250px]]
| name=Thráin (I)
+
| name=Thráin I
 
| othernames=
 
| othernames=
| life=[[Third Age 1934|T.A. 1934]] - [[Third Age 2190|T.A. 2190]]
+
| life={{TA|1934}} - {{TA|2190|n}}
| realm=[[Erebor|The Lonely Mountain]]
+
| location=[[Lonely Mountain|The Lonely Mountain]]
 
| parentage=[[Náin I]]
 
| parentage=[[Náin I]]
| lineage=[[Kings of Durin's Folk|Durin's line]]
+
| house=[[House of Durin]]
 
| hood=
 
| hood=
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
|}}
+
}}
'''Thráin I''' ([[Third Age]] 1934 – 2190, died aged 256) was the [[Kings of Durin's Folk|King]] of [[Durin's Folk]] for 209 years, succeeding his father, [[Náin I]], when he was killed by [[Durin's Bane|the Balrog]] in [[Third Age 1981|T.A. 1981]]. Thráin founded the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] at [[Erebor]], and was a descendent of [[Durin I|Durin the Deathless]] via his grandfather [[Durin VI]].<ref name="AppA">{{App|A3}}</ref>
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'''Thráin I''' ([[Third Age]] {{TA|1934|n}} {{TA|2190|n}}, died aged 256) was the [[Kings of Durin's Folk|King]] of [[Durin's Folk]] for 209 years, succeeding his father, [[Náin I]], when he was killed by [[Durin's Bane|the Balrog]] in {{TA|1981}}. Thráin founded the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] at [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]], and was a descendent of [[Durin|Durin the Deathless]] via his grandfather [[Durin VI]].<ref name="AppA">{{App|A3}}</ref>
  
Thráin's grandfather, Durin VI, was [[King of Khazad-dûm]] when the [[Balrogs|Balrog]] of [[Morgoth]] appeared in [[Moria]]; the Balrog has forever been known as [[Durin's Bane]] as Durin was killed by it in [[Third Age 1980|T.A. 1980]]. Durin's son - and Thráin's father - [[Náin I]] was now King and he attempted to hold out against the Balrog but was himself killed in [[Third Age 1981|T.A. 1981]], being the last true King of [[Khazad-dûm]] until [[Durin VII|Durin VII and Last]] in the [[Fourth Age]].  
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==History==
 +
Thráin's grandfather, Durin VI, was [[King of Khazad-dûm]] when the [[Balrogs|Balrog]] of [[Morgoth]] appeared in [[Moria]]; this Balrog has forever been known as [[Durin's Bane]] as Durin was killed by it in {{TA|1980}}. Durin's son - and Thráin's father - [[Náin I]] was then King.  He attempted to hold out against the Balrog but was himself killed in {{TA|1981|n}}, being the last true King of [[Khazad-dûm]] until [[Durin VII|Durin VII and Last]] in the [[Fourth Age]].<ref name="AppA"/>
 +
[[File:Ted Nasmith - Thrain II Discovers the Lonely Mountain.jpg|thumb|left|[[Ted Nasmith]] - Thrain Discovers the Lonely Mountain]]
 +
Thráin - at the tender age of 47 - became King of [[Durin's Folk]]. He led his wandering people until {{TA|1999}} when he founded the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] in [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]]. In Erebor the [[Dwarves]] began building a mighty kingdom, discovering the prized possession of King Thráin: the [[Arkenstone]], the Heart of the Mountain. <ref name="AppA"/>
  
Thráin - at the tender age of 47 - became King of [[Durin's Folk]]. He led his wandering people until [[Third Age 1999|T.A. 1999]] when he founded the [[Kingdom under the Mountain]] in [[Erebor]]. In Erebor the [[Dwarves]] began building a mighty kingdom, discovering the prized possession of King Thráin: the [[Arkenstone]], the Heart of the Mountain.  
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Thráin died in {{TA|2190}} at the age of 256 and was succeeded by his son [[Thorin I]]. With a rule of 209 years, Thráin I was the longest-ruling of all the known [[Kings of Durin's Folk]] with, perhaps, the only exception being [[Durin|Durin the Deathless]].
  
Thráin died in [[Third Age 2190|T.A. 2190]] at the age of 256 and was succeeded by his son [[Thorin I]]. With a rule of 209 years, Thráin I is the longest-ruling of all the known [[Kings of Durin's Folk]] with, perhaps, the only exception being [[Durin the Deathless]].
 
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | | | | THO | | | | |THO=[[Thorin I]]<br/><small>''2035-2289''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | THO | | | | |THO=[[Thorin I]]<br/><small>''2035-2289''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | | | |}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | | | |}}
{{familytree| | | | | GLO | | | | |GLO=[[Glóin (Son of Thorin I)|Glóin]]<br/><small>''2136-2385''</small>}}
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{{familytree| | | | | GLO | | | | |GLO=[[Glóin (King of Durin's Folk)|Glóin]]<br/><small>''2136-2385''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 +
 +
==Etymology==
 +
''Þráinn'' is a dwarf from the ''[[Völuspá|Dvergatal]]''. It means "Stubborn".<ref>Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", published in ''Publications of the Modern Language Association of America'', Vol 44 (1929), issue #4, pp. 939-967</ref>
 +
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
It is not clear whether Thráin I existed in Tolkien's mind while he was writing ''[[The Hobbit]]'' or whether he was invented later, when writing the backstory of ''[[Lord of the Rings]]''. The phrase on [[Thrór's Map]] "''Here of old was Thrain - [[King under the Mountain]]''" makes some fans (like [[Michael Martinez]]) to claim that Tolkien wrote it for Thráin I, since [[Thráin II]] was never a King under the Mountain.
+
It is not clear whether Thráin I existed in Tolkien's mind while he was writing ''[[The Hobbit]]'' or whether he was invented later, when writing the back-story of ''[[Lord of the Rings]]''. The phrase on [[Thrór's Map]] "''Here of old was Thrain - [[King under the Mountain]]''"<ref>{{H|Thror}}</ref> causes some fans to claim that Tolkien wrote it for Thráin I, since [[Thráin II]] was never a King under the Mountain.
 +
 
 +
[[Christopher Tolkien]], [[John Rateliff]] and [[Douglas Anderson]] say that Tolkien accidentally reversed the family tree Thrór --> Thráin --> Thorin to Thráin --> Thrór --> Thorin and then reverted it before final publication of the book.  Rateliff argues in his book that the original tree was favored but that it is impossible to say which was intended to be the correct genealogy.  According to Rateliff, the first edition uses the name "Thráin" in two distinct contexts that support either point of view and that Tolkien only added a third element to the story (the forenote) in 1947 when he sent suggested changes to the publisher.
  
[[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Douglas Anderson]] and [[John Rateliff]] mention that Thráin I was invented later. In that case, Tolkien had made a mistake while drawing the Thrór's Map, which was [[Wikipedia:retcon|retconned]] later with the introduction of an older Thráin.<ref>[http://tolkien.slimy.com/essays/ThrainHist.html A History of Thrain(s) in ''The Hobbit'']</ref>
 
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
{{sequence
+
{{seq-start}}
|prev=[[Náin I]]
+
{{seq-head
|next=[[Thorin I]]
+
| race=dwarf
|list=[[Kings of Durin's Folk|King of Durin's Folk]]<br>[[Third Age 1981|T.A. 1981]] – [[Third Age 2190|2190]]
+
| house=[[House of Durin]]
 +
| born={{TA|1934}}
 +
| died={{TA|2190}}
 
}}
 
}}
{{sequence
+
{{seq
|prev=none
+
| prev=[[Náin I]]
|next=[[Thorin I]]
+
| list=[[Kings of Durin's Folk|King of Durin's Folk]]
|list=1st [[Kings under the Mountain|King under the Mountain]]<br>[[Third Age 1999|T.A 1999]] – 2190
+
| dates={{TA|1981}} - {{TA|2190|n}}
 +
| next=[[Thorin I]]
 +
| nrow=2
 
}}
 
}}
 
+
{{seq
 +
| pvac=None
 +
| prev=Position created
 +
| list=1st [[Kings under the Mountain|King under the Mountain]]
 +
| dates={{TA|1999}} - {{TA|2190|n}}
 +
}}
 +
{{seq-end}}
 
[[Category:Dwarves]]
 
[[Category:Dwarves]]
 
[[Category:Longbeards]]
 
[[Category:Longbeards]]

Revision as of 20:02, 22 November 2012

This article is about Thráin I, the first King under the Mountain. For the father of Thorin II Oakenshield, see Thráin II.
Christina Wald - King under the Mountain.jpg
Thráin I
Dwarf
Biographical Information
LocationThe Lonely Mountain
Family
HouseHouse of Durin
ParentageNáin I
Physical Description
GenderMale

Thráin I (Third Age 19342190, died aged 256) was the King of Durin's Folk for 209 years, succeeding his father, Náin I, when he was killed by the Balrog in T.A. 1981. Thráin founded the Kingdom under the Mountain at Erebor, and was a descendent of Durin the Deathless via his grandfather Durin VI.[1]

Contents

History

Thráin's grandfather, Durin VI, was King of Khazad-dûm when the Balrog of Morgoth appeared in Moria; this Balrog has forever been known as Durin's Bane as Durin was killed by it in T.A. 1980. Durin's son - and Thráin's father - Náin I was then King. He attempted to hold out against the Balrog but was himself killed in 1981, being the last true King of Khazad-dûm until Durin VII and Last in the Fourth Age.[1]

Ted Nasmith - Thrain Discovers the Lonely Mountain

Thráin - at the tender age of 47 - became King of Durin's Folk. He led his wandering people until T.A. 1999 when he founded the Kingdom under the Mountain in Erebor. In Erebor the Dwarves began building a mighty kingdom, discovering the prized possession of King Thráin: the Arkenstone, the Heart of the Mountain. [1]

Thráin died in T.A. 2190 at the age of 256 and was succeeded by his son Thorin I. With a rule of 209 years, Thráin I was the longest-ruling of all the known Kings of Durin's Folk with, perhaps, the only exception being Durin the Deathless.

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
Durin VI
1731-1980
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Náin I
1832-1981
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
THRÁIN I
1934-2190
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thorin I
2035-2289
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Glóin
2136-2385
 
 
 
 


Etymology

Þráinn is a dwarf from the Dvergatal. It means "Stubborn".[2]

Other versions of the legendarium

It is not clear whether Thráin I existed in Tolkien's mind while he was writing The Hobbit or whether he was invented later, when writing the back-story of Lord of the Rings. The phrase on Thrór's Map "Here of old was Thrain - King under the Mountain"[3] causes some fans to claim that Tolkien wrote it for Thráin I, since Thráin II was never a King under the Mountain.

Christopher Tolkien, John Rateliff and Douglas Anderson say that Tolkien accidentally reversed the family tree Thrór --> Thráin --> Thorin to Thráin --> Thrór --> Thorin and then reverted it before final publication of the book. Rateliff argues in his book that the original tree was favored but that it is impossible to say which was intended to be the correct genealogy. According to Rateliff, the first edition uses the name "Thráin" in two distinct contexts that support either point of view and that Tolkien only added a third element to the story (the forenote) in 1947 when he sent suggested changes to the publisher.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  2. Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", published in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, Vol 44 (1929), issue #4, pp. 939-967
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Thrór's Map"
Thráin I
House of Durin
Born: T.A. 1934 Died: T.A. 2190
Preceded by:
Náin I
King of Durin's Folk
T.A. 1981 - 2190
Followed by:
Thorin I
None
Position created
1st King under the Mountain
T.A. 1999 - 2190