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Thrór's Map

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(Runes)
(Possible Date of the Creation of the Map)
 
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[[Image:Audrey Corman - Thror's Map.jpg|thumb|250px|''Thror's Map'' by [[Audrey Corman]].]]
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{{sources}}
A map made by [[Thrór]] the [[King under the Mountain]], after he had been exiled from his kingdom by the [[Dragons|Dragon]] [[Smaug]]. As was traditional among the [[Dwarves]], it was drawn with East at the top of the map, rather than North, and showed the [[Lonely Mountain]] of [[Erebor]], the [[Running]] River that flowed from it, and the lands about. It also contained mention of a secret entrance to the Mountain, and (written in secret [[Moon-letters]]) instructions as to how it might be opened.
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[[file:Audrey Corman - Thror's Map.jpg|thumb|250px|''Thror's Map'' by [[Audrey Corman]].]]
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'''Thrór's Map''' is a map that proved important in the retaking of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]].
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==History==
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As was traditional among the [[Dwarves]], it was drawn with East at the top of the map and showed the [[Lonely Mountain]] of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]], the [[River Running|Running]] River that flowed from it, and the lands about. It also contained mention of a [[Back Door|secret entrance]] to the Mountain, and (written in secret [[Moon-letters]]) instructions as to how it might be opened.
  
 
In his old age, Thrór set out to wander the lands of [[Middle-earth]], but before departing he gave the heirlooms of his house to his son Thráin, including his Map. Years later, Thráin too set out into Middle-earth, seeking to recover Erebor himself, and taking with him the Map to guide his way. He was captured in the Wild by the servants of [[Sauron]], but Sauron captured Thráin for one of the [[Seven Rings|Seven]] [[Ring of Power]] he bore, and so overlooked the Map he carried too. This proved to be a serious oversight, because [[Gandalf]] secretly entered Sauron's lair at [[Dol Guldur]] while Thráin was a prisoner there, and managed to escape with the Map and the key that opened the secret door.
 
In his old age, Thrór set out to wander the lands of [[Middle-earth]], but before departing he gave the heirlooms of his house to his son Thráin, including his Map. Years later, Thráin too set out into Middle-earth, seeking to recover Erebor himself, and taking with him the Map to guide his way. He was captured in the Wild by the servants of [[Sauron]], but Sauron captured Thráin for one of the [[Seven Rings|Seven]] [[Ring of Power]] he bore, and so overlooked the Map he carried too. This proved to be a serious oversight, because [[Gandalf]] secretly entered Sauron's lair at [[Dol Guldur]] while Thráin was a prisoner there, and managed to escape with the Map and the key that opened the secret door.
  
Using Thrór's Map, his grandson [[Thorin]] was able to lead a small group of Dwarves (and one [[Hobbit]], a certain [[Bilbo Baggins]]) on his own quest to refound the ancient Dwarf-realm. Through many adventures, they were able to recover Erebor and bring about the destruction of Smaug, dealing Sauron a serious reverse.
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Using Thrór's Map, his grandson [[Thorin]] was able to lead [[Thorin and Company|a small group of Dwarves]] (and one [[Hobbits|Hobbit]], a certain [[Bilbo Baggins]]) on his own quest to refound the ancient Dwarf-realm. Through many adventures, they were able to recover Erebor and bring about the destruction of Smaug, dealing Sauron a serious reverse.
  
==Date of creation==
 
According to [[Elrond]], the map was drawn on a midsummer night that had the same moon phase as the midsummer of [[Third Age 2941|T.A. 2941]]. Astronomically, this occurs about every 19th year. Therefore, in the years between the [[sack of Erebor]] and Thrór's death, [[Third Age 2778|T.A. 2778]] seems the most feasible date of creation.
 
 
==Runes==
 
==Runes==
The Map is decorated with [[Old English]] [[Runes]] which read a modern English text; this displays the [[Angerthas Erebor]] [[cirth]] for [[Westron]] of the [[Third Age]] as used by the [[Dwarves]].
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The Map is decorated with [[Old English]] [[Runes]] which read a modern English text; this displays [[Westron]] of the [[Third Age]] written in [[cirth]] ([[Angerthas Erebor]]) as used by the [[Dwarves of Erebor]].
  
 
The small text on the left, below the hand, reads.
 
The small text on the left, below the hand, reads.
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Th. Th
 
Th. Th
  
The [[moon-letters]] read by Elrond are visible in the sketch by Tolkien and read.
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The [[moon-letters]] read by Elrond are visible in the sketch by Tolkien and read:
  
 
Stand by the grey s<br>
 
Stand by the grey s<br>
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Th.
 
Th.
  
The texts are revealed at the end of Chapter 3, [[A Short Rest]].
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==The illustration of the Map==
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[[Image:J.R.R. Tolkien - Thrór's Map.jpg|thumb|Sketch of ''Thrór's Map'']]
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"Thrór's Map" is reproduced in facsimile in ''[[The Hobbit]]'' (and as plate No. 86 in ''[[J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator|J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator]]''). The map was drawn by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], and a preliminary version of the map appears as plate No. 85 in ''[[J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator|J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator]]''.<ref name=AI>{{HM|AI}}, pp. 90-5</ref>
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In [[1979]] a coloured version by [[H.E. Riddett]] was published as a poster by [[Allen and Unwin|Allen & Unwin]] (together with the "[[Map of Wilderland|Wilderland]]" map).<ref name=AH>{{HM|AH}}, p. 399</ref>
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==Possible Date of the Creation of the Map==
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The [[Dragons|Dragon]] [[Smaug]] attacked and destroyed the [[Kingdom Under the Mountain]] in {{TA|2770}}.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>  [[Thrór]] went into exile with his kin until, old and desperate, he went to [[Moria]] and died at the hands of [[Azog]] in {{TA|2790}}.<ref name="Durin">{{App|Durin}}</ref>  When [[Elrond]] read the [[Moon-letters]] in {{TA|2941|n}}<ref name="TA"/> he stated that they had to have been written under a moon in the same phase on a midsummer night in some past year.<ref>{{H|Rest}}</ref>
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Astronomically, the moon repeats its phases about every nineteen years.  From 2770 to 2941 there are 171 years, which is exactly nine time nineteen years, which means that the moon was in the right phase on midsummer night in 2941, 2922, 2903, 2884, 2865, 2846, 2827, 2808, 2789, and 2770.  Since Thrór died in 2790 he could only have made his map in 2770 or 2789 (provided he made it after Smaug's attack).  It is not known when in 2770 Smaug descended upon the Lonely Mountain; if after midsummer's night then Thrór would not have had any reason to draw his map.  It appears that 2789 is the most likely year for the creation of this document.{{fact}}
  
[[Category:Maps]]
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{{references}}
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{{maps}}
  
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[[Category:Thrór's Map| ]]
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[[Category:Books and documents within the legendarium]]
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[[de:Thrórs Karte]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:artefacts:carte_de_thror]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:artefacts:carte_de_thror]]
 
[[fi:Throrin kartta]]
 
[[fi:Throrin kartta]]

Latest revision as of 08:54, 13 May 2013

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Thror's Map by Audrey Corman.

Thrór's Map is a map that proved important in the retaking of Erebor.

Contents

[edit] History

As was traditional among the Dwarves, it was drawn with East at the top of the map and showed the Lonely Mountain of Erebor, the Running River that flowed from it, and the lands about. It also contained mention of a secret entrance to the Mountain, and (written in secret Moon-letters) instructions as to how it might be opened.

In his old age, Thrór set out to wander the lands of Middle-earth, but before departing he gave the heirlooms of his house to his son Thráin, including his Map. Years later, Thráin too set out into Middle-earth, seeking to recover Erebor himself, and taking with him the Map to guide his way. He was captured in the Wild by the servants of Sauron, but Sauron captured Thráin for one of the Seven Ring of Power he bore, and so overlooked the Map he carried too. This proved to be a serious oversight, because Gandalf secretly entered Sauron's lair at Dol Guldur while Thráin was a prisoner there, and managed to escape with the Map and the key that opened the secret door.

Using Thrór's Map, his grandson Thorin was able to lead a small group of Dwarves (and one Hobbit, a certain Bilbo Baggins) on his own quest to refound the ancient Dwarf-realm. Through many adventures, they were able to recover Erebor and bring about the destruction of Smaug, dealing Sauron a serious reverse.

[edit] Runes

The Map is decorated with Old English Runes which read a modern English text; this displays Westron of the Third Age written in cirth (Angerthas Erebor) as used by the Dwarves of Erebor.

The small text on the left, below the hand, reads.

five
feet high
the door an
d three may
walk abre
ast.
Th. Th

The moon-letters read by Elrond are visible in the sketch by Tolkien and read:

Stand by the grey s
tone when the thrush kn
ocks and the setting s
un with the last light
of Durin's day will sh
ine upon the keyhole
Th.

[edit] The illustration of the Map

Sketch of Thrór's Map

"Thrór's Map" is reproduced in facsimile in The Hobbit (and as plate No. 86 in J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator). The map was drawn by J.R.R. Tolkien, and a preliminary version of the map appears as plate No. 85 in J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator.[1]

In 1979 a coloured version by H.E. Riddett was published as a poster by Allen & Unwin (together with the "Wilderland" map).[2]

[edit] Possible Date of the Creation of the Map

The Dragon Smaug attacked and destroyed the Kingdom Under the Mountain in T.A. 2770.[3] Thrór went into exile with his kin until, old and desperate, he went to Moria and died at the hands of Azog in T.A. 2790.[4] When Elrond read the Moon-letters in 2941[3] he stated that they had to have been written under a moon in the same phase on a midsummer night in some past year.[5]

Astronomically, the moon repeats its phases about every nineteen years. From 2770 to 2941 there are 171 years, which is exactly nine time nineteen years, which means that the moon was in the right phase on midsummer night in 2941, 2922, 2903, 2884, 2865, 2846, 2827, 2808, 2789, and 2770. Since Thrór died in 2790 he could only have made his map in 2770 or 2789 (provided he made it after Smaug's attack). It is not known when in 2770 Smaug descended upon the Lonely Mountain; if after midsummer's night then Thrór would not have had any reason to draw his map. It appears that 2789 is the most likely year for the creation of this document.[source?]

[edit] References

  1. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator, pp. 90-5
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien; Douglas A. Anderson, (ed.), (2002) The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition, p. 399
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "A Short Rest"
Maps of Arda made by J.R.R. Tolkien
The Hobbit:  Thrór's Map · Map of Wilderland
 TLOTR:  A Part of the Shire · General Map of Middle-earth · Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor · The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age
Other:  Númenórë‎ · A Map of Middle-earth · Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North
Early maps:  The earliest map‎ · I Vene Kemen · The First 'Silmarillion' Map · Ambarkanta maps · The Second 'Silmarillion' Map · First Map of The Lord of the Rings