Tolkien Gateway

Tolkien studies

(Difference between revisions)
(Age of Innocence)
(History)
Line 6: Line 6:
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 +
 +
===Scholarship===
 +
Tolkien's academic research has had a great impact within the field of philology.
 +
 +
Tolkien wrote the majority of the "W" entries in the [[Oxford English Dictionary]] and many of those entries still survive this day as he originally wrote them.
 +
He also wrote the groundbreaking [[A Middle English Vocabulary]] which looked at common words instead of exotic words.
 +
 +
His translation of [[Sir Gawain and the Green Knight]] is still used in many universities and is considered one of the best.
 +
 +
His lecture titled [[Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics]] changed scholars understand of the epic poem. During his time it was viewed as a historical document, but Tolkien argued that it should be examined as a literay work of art. This method of studying Beowulf is now popular today.
 +
 
===Age of Innocence===
 
===Age of Innocence===
 
Generally, the history of Tolkien scholarship is divided into four time periods:  
 
Generally, the history of Tolkien scholarship is divided into four time periods:  
Line 16: Line 27:
  
 
===1,800 New Entries===
 
===1,800 New Entries===
A major turn in scholarship was the publishing of ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', edited by [[Christopher Tolkien]]. The book included the history of things that were previously no more than a "background-word", such as [[Beren]]<ref>{{HM|FR}}, "[[A Knife in the Dark]]"</ref> or [[Gondolin]].<ref>{{HM|H}}, "[[A Short Rest]]"</ref> Apart from many expanded entries, the second edition of [[J.E.A. Tyler]]'s ''[[Tolkien Companion]]'' included some 1,800 new entries.<ref>[[Colin Duriez]], ''[[Tolkien and the Lord of the Rings]]'', page 47</ref> A landmark publication of this time was Shippey's ''[[The Road to Middle-earth]]''.<ref name="ScholOverview"/>  
+
A major turn in scholarship was the publishing of ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', edited by [[Christopher Tolkien]]. The book included the history of things that were previously no more than a "background-word", such as [[Beren]]<ref>{{HM|FR}}, "[[A Knife in the Dark]]"</ref> or [[Gondolin]].<ref>{{HM|H}}, "[[A Short Rest]]"</ref> Apart from many expanded entries, the second edition of [[J.E.A. Tyler]]'s ''[[Tolkien Companion]]'' included some 1,800 new entries.<ref>[[Colin Duriez]], ''[[Tolkien and the Lord of the Rings]]'', page 47</ref> A landmark publication of this time was Shippey's ''[[The Road to Middle-earth]]''.<ref name="ScholOverview"/>
 +
 
 
==Fields==
 
==Fields==
  

Revision as of 03:31, 7 April 2009

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.


For the journal see Tolkien Studies

Tolkien studies is the scholarly research of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien this includes his fictional literature and languages and his philologist research.

Contents

History

Scholarship

Tolkien's academic research has had a great impact within the field of philology.

Tolkien wrote the majority of the "W" entries in the Oxford English Dictionary and many of those entries still survive this day as he originally wrote them. He also wrote the groundbreaking A Middle English Vocabulary which looked at common words instead of exotic words.

His translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is still used in many universities and is considered one of the best.

His lecture titled Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics changed scholars understand of the epic poem. During his time it was viewed as a historical document, but Tolkien argued that it should be examined as a literay work of art. This method of studying Beowulf is now popular today.

Age of Innocence

Generally, the history of Tolkien scholarship is divided into four time periods:

  • the book reviews
  • the cult period and the fierce reactions to it
  • the acceptance of Tolkien as a literary agent
  • and lastly, the post-movie phase, featuring expanded volumes, reprints, and a wide variety of subjects.[1]

The first two periods have been summarized by Tom Shippey as the "Age of Innocence": the time before the publishing of The Silmarillion, Unfinished Tales, The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien and The History of Middle-earth. After the publishing of at least some of those, many musings, theories and guesses were flattened by additional information.[2] The field of literary critics taking interest was still thin, and serious academic research was rare. The first conference on Tolkien's literature was held in 1966; before that, only collected works on children's literature had picked up serious attention for The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.[3]

1,800 New Entries

A major turn in scholarship was the publishing of The Silmarillion, edited by Christopher Tolkien. The book included the history of things that were previously no more than a "background-word", such as Beren[4] or Gondolin.[5] Apart from many expanded entries, the second edition of J.E.A. Tyler's Tolkien Companion included some 1,800 new entries.[6] A landmark publication of this time was Shippey's The Road to Middle-earth.[1]

Fields

Linguistics

Fictional languages

Main article: Languages

Philology

Literature

Christianity

Philosophy

Courses

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.

There are a number of universities and colleges that offer course work in Tolkien stuides. This is a listing of some of the courses devoted sololy to Tolkien studies. There are some institutions that offer Tolkien studies as part of another course.

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Brian Rosebury, "Tolkien Scholarship: An Overview", published in J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia (edited by Michael Drout), pages 653-654
  2. Tom Shippey, "Foreword" published in A Tolkien Compass (third edition) (edited by Jared Lobdell), pages vii-xi
  3. Richard C. West, "Tolkien Scholarship: First Decades: 1954-1980", published in J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia (edited by Michael Drout), pages 654-656
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Knife in the Dark"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "A Short Rest"
  6. Colin Duriez, Tolkien and the Lord of the Rings, page 47
  7. Exploring Tolkien: There and Back Again
  8. English 318: J. R. R. Tolkien
  9. English 321: Tolkien & Oxford Christianity
  10. ENGL 227 – Tolkien and Medieval Literature