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Ulmo

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| image=[[Image:Daniel Govar - Ulmo Lord of the Seas.jpg|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Daniel Govar - Ulmo Lord of the Seas.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Ulmo
 
| name=Ulmo
| othernames=[[Ullubōz]], [[King of the Sea]], [[Lord of Waters]], [[Ulu]], [[Guiar]], [[Gulma]].
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| othernames=''Ullubōz'', "King of the Sea", "Lord of Waters", "Dweller of the Deep", ''Ulu'', ''Guiar'', ''Gulma''
| coming=c. [[Years of the Lamps]] 1.
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| titles=
| appointment=Lord of Waters.
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| position=Lord of Waters
| creations=The [[Belegaer|Sea]].
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| location=[[Ulmonan|Ulmo's halls]]
| maiar=[[Ossë]], [[Uinen]], probably [[Salmar]].
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| affiliation=[[Ossë]], [[Uinen]], and possibly [[Salmar]]
| dwelling=[[Ulmonan]].
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| language=
| gender=Male.
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| spouse=
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| siblings=
 
| siblings=
| appearance=Titan-like.
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| spouse=
| robes=Green.
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| gender=Male
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| height=
 
| hair=
 
| hair=
 
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| eyes=
|}}
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| clothing=Green armor
'''Ulmo''' (from the [[Valarin]] '''Ulubōz''', '''Ullubōz''') is a [[Valar|Vala]], and lord of the seas.  Ulmo is a title, which means ''He who pours''.  He is also known as ''King of the Sea'' and ''Lord of Waters''. He is known in the earlier writings by his [[Noldor|Noldorin]] name '''[[Ylmir]]''', among them [[Tuor]]'s ''[[The Horns of Ylmir]]''. The [[Sindarin]] form of Ulmo is '''Ulu''', though he is also called '''Guiar''' and '''Gulma'''.
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'''Ulmo''' ([[Quenya]], pronounced {{IPA|[ˈulmo]}} was a [[Valar|Vala]], also known as ''King of the Sea'', ''Lord of Waters'', and ''Dweller of the Deep''.<ref name="UT1">{{UT|1}}.</ref> He was third in majesty of the Valar, after [[Manwë]] and [[Varda]]; he was in other words the third of the [[Aratar]].
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==History==
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Ulmo was very close in friendship to Manwë before Valinor was made, and he had always distrusted [[Morgoth|Melkor]]. The Dark Lord feared him almost as much as he feared Varda, since the sea cannot be tamed. Ulmo had no dwelling in [[Valinor]], or any permanent dwelling on land. He prefered the deeps of the seas and the rivers to land. His palace, on the bottom of the [[Outer Sea]], was called [[Ulmonan]].
  
Ulmo was third in majesty of the Valar, after [[Manwë]] and [[Varda]]; he is in other words the third of the [[Aratar]]. He was very close in friendship to Manwë. Ulmo had always distrusted [[Melkor]], and the Dark Lord feared him almost as much as he feared Varda because the sea cannot be tamed. Ulmo had no dwelling in [[Valinor]], or any permanent dwelling on land. He prefered the deeps of the seas and the rivers to land. His palace, on the bottom of [[Vai]], was called [[Ulmonan]].
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He seldom came to the Councils of [[Máhanaxar]], and only when in great need. He preferred to stay in Arda, not by walking on the land, as his form would fill man or elf with great dread. All waters were under his government; bays, rivers and even the waters under the earth. It is through these that he kept in touch with Arda, and thus knew more of the goings on with the children of Ilúvatar than even Manwë, for it was said he lived in the very veins of the world.
  
He seldom came to the Councils of [[Máhanaxar]], and only when in great need. He preferred to stay in Arda, not by walking on the land, as his form would fill man or elf with great dread. All waters were under his government; bays, rivers and even the waters under the earth. It is through these that he kept in touch with Arda, and thus knew more of the goings on with the children of Ilúvatar than even Manwe, for it was said he lived in the very veins of the world.
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He was said to be fearful to look upon to mortal eye, dressed like a giant wave in glittering green armour, blowing his great horn [[Ulumuri]]. It was said that those who heard Ulmo's horn would forever be filled with a longing for the sea. Ulmo's vassal [[Ossë]], and Ossë's spouse [[Uinen]] were, to the elves, the best known of the [[Maiar]].  Through them Ulmo would learn much of the elves.
  
He was said to be fearful to look upon to mortal eye, dressed like a giant wave in glittering green armour, blowing his great horn [[Ulumuri]].
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Ulmo had always loved the [[Eldar]] and the [[Edain]], even when the Valar forsook Middle-earth. He opposed [[Oromë]]'s plan to bring the Elves to Aman. But he eventually helped them get to Aman, because he knew that was what they wanted, and he accepted that. He tore a great piece of land off the shores of [[Beleriand]] and used it to transport the Eldar to the blessed coasts of Aman. He anchored the island (it was renamed [[Tol Eressëa]]) in the [[Bay of Eldamar]], which he did because he knew the minds of the [[Teleri]]. Ulmo was the Vala most responsible for the fall of [[Morgoth]], by urging [[Turgon]] to build [[Gondolin]] and [[Finrod]] to build [[Nargothrond]]. He appeared before [[Tuor]] and urged him to to go to Gondolin as a messenger for Turgon. When Tuor got there, he eventually married Turgon's daughter [[Idril]] and fathered [[Eärendil]]; he [[Elwing]] from the sack of the Havens of [[Sirion]], and thus she took the [[Silmarils|Silmaril]] to her husband Eärendil which allowed them to gain admittance to Valinor and plead for their mercy. Ulmo also defended the Eldar in the council from the potential wrath of [[Mandos]].
  
Ulmo's vassal [[Ossë]], and Ossë's spouse [[Uinen]] were, to the elves, the best known of the [[Maiar]]. Through them Ulmo would learn much of the elves.
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==Etymology==
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The name ''Ulmo'' is said to derive from the [[Valarin]] '''''Ullubōz'''''.<ref>{{WJ|AD1}}</ref>
  
Ulmo had always loved the [[Eldar]] and the [[Edain]], even when the Valar forsook Middle-earth. He opposed [[Oromë]]'s plan to bring the Elves to Aman, and anchored [[Tol Eressëa]] in the [[Bay of Eldamar]], which he did at because he knew the minds of the [[Teleri]]. Ulmo was the Vala most responsible for the fall of [[Morgoth]], by urging [[Turgon of Gondolin|Turgon]] to build [[Gondolin]] and [[Finrod Felagund|Finrod]] to build [[Nargothrond]]. He appeared before [[Tuor]] and urged him to to go to Gondolin as a messenger for Turgon, when he got there he eventually married Turgon's daughter [[Idril]] and fathered [[Eärendil the Mariner|Eärendil]]; and saved [[Elwing]] from the sack of the Havens of [[Sirion]], and thus she took the [[Silmarils|Silmaril]] to her husband Eärendil which allowed them to gain admittance to Valinor and plead for their mercy. Ulmo also defended them in the council from the potential wrath of [[Mandos]].
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Alternatively, Ulmo is a [[Quenya]] title, which means "He who pours" (cf. ''[[ulya-]]'' "to pour" and agentive ending ''[[-mo]]'' "-er").{{fact}}
  
==Inspiration==
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In the earlier writings his [[Noldorin]] name was '''''[[Ylmir]]''''', among them [[Tuor]]'s ''[[The Horns of Ylmir]]''.{{fact}} (Another Noldorin translation of his name is given as '''''Nûron'''''.)<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 378 (entry for NŪ-)</ref><ref>{{VT|46a}}, p. 7</ref> The [[Sindarin]] form is ''[[Ulu]]'' ({{IPA|[ˈulu]}}), though he is also called ''Guiar'' ({{IPA|[ˈɡuɪ.ar]}}) and ''Gulma'' ({{IPA|[ˈɡulma]}}).{{fact}}
Because of Tolkien's Catholic faith, and the fact that he said the Valar were equvalent to saints and angels; then it is suggested that Ulmo is the equivalent of St. Elmo, patron saint of sailors and the sea.
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=== See Also ===
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In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Ulmo is referred to by various names: ''Garsecges  frea'' "Ocean ruler", ''ealwaeter-frea'' "All-waters ruler" or ''agendfrea ealra waetera'' "owning lord of all waters".<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
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==See also==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Ulmo|Images of Ulmo]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Ulmo|Images of Ulmo]]
  
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[[fi:Ulmo]]

Revision as of 17:07, 24 September 2013

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Daniel Govar - Ulmo Lord of the Seas.jpg
Ulmo
Vala
Biographical Information
Other namesUllubōz, "King of the Sea", "Lord of Waters", "Dweller of the Deep", Ulu, Guiar, Gulma
PositionLord of Waters
LocationUlmo's halls
AffiliationOssë, Uinen, and possibly Salmar
Physical Description
GenderMale
ClothingGreen armor

Ulmo (Quenya, pronounced [ˈulmo] was a Vala, also known as King of the Sea, Lord of Waters, and Dweller of the Deep.[1] He was third in majesty of the Valar, after Manwë and Varda; he was in other words the third of the Aratar.

Contents

History

Ulmo was very close in friendship to Manwë before Valinor was made, and he had always distrusted Melkor. The Dark Lord feared him almost as much as he feared Varda, since the sea cannot be tamed. Ulmo had no dwelling in Valinor, or any permanent dwelling on land. He prefered the deeps of the seas and the rivers to land. His palace, on the bottom of the Outer Sea, was called Ulmonan.

He seldom came to the Councils of Máhanaxar, and only when in great need. He preferred to stay in Arda, not by walking on the land, as his form would fill man or elf with great dread. All waters were under his government; bays, rivers and even the waters under the earth. It is through these that he kept in touch with Arda, and thus knew more of the goings on with the children of Ilúvatar than even Manwë, for it was said he lived in the very veins of the world.

He was said to be fearful to look upon to mortal eye, dressed like a giant wave in glittering green armour, blowing his great horn Ulumuri. It was said that those who heard Ulmo's horn would forever be filled with a longing for the sea. Ulmo's vassal Ossë, and Ossë's spouse Uinen were, to the elves, the best known of the Maiar. Through them Ulmo would learn much of the elves.

Ulmo had always loved the Eldar and the Edain, even when the Valar forsook Middle-earth. He opposed Oromë's plan to bring the Elves to Aman. But he eventually helped them get to Aman, because he knew that was what they wanted, and he accepted that. He tore a great piece of land off the shores of Beleriand and used it to transport the Eldar to the blessed coasts of Aman. He anchored the island (it was renamed Tol Eressëa) in the Bay of Eldamar, which he did because he knew the minds of the Teleri. Ulmo was the Vala most responsible for the fall of Morgoth, by urging Turgon to build Gondolin and Finrod to build Nargothrond. He appeared before Tuor and urged him to to go to Gondolin as a messenger for Turgon. When Tuor got there, he eventually married Turgon's daughter Idril and fathered Eärendil; he Elwing from the sack of the Havens of Sirion, and thus she took the Silmaril to her husband Eärendil which allowed them to gain admittance to Valinor and plead for their mercy. Ulmo also defended the Eldar in the council from the potential wrath of Mandos.

Etymology

The name Ulmo is said to derive from the Valarin Ullubōz.[2]

Alternatively, Ulmo is a Quenya title, which means "He who pours" (cf. ulya- "to pour" and agentive ending -mo "-er").[source?]

In the earlier writings his Noldorin name was Ylmir, among them Tuor's The Horns of Ylmir.[source?] (Another Noldorin translation of his name is given as Nûron.)[3][4] The Sindarin form is Ulu ([ˈulu]), though he is also called Guiar ([ˈɡuɪ.ar]) and Gulma ([ˈɡulma]).[source?]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Ulmo is referred to by various names: Garsecges frea "Ocean ruler", ealwaeter-frea "All-waters ruler" or agendfrea ealra waetera "owning lord of all waters".[5]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin".
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix D. *Kwen, Quenya, and the Elvish (especially Ñoldorin) words for 'Language': Note on the 'Language of the Valar'"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 378 (entry for NŪ-)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part Two" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 46, July 2004, p. 7
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music