Tolkien Gateway

Umbar (word)

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Revision as of 09:18, 9 November 2012

This article is about the Quenya word. For the place, see Haven of Umbar.

umbar is a noun meaning "fate" in Quenya.[1]

Umbar.gif
Umbar is also the name in Quenya of the sixth letter of the Tengwar alphabet.[1] It is the second letter of the second grade or Tyellë, which contains "voiced stops" and it is the second letter in the labial or p-series of consonants, the Parmatéma.[2] In the standard spelling of Quenya Umbar represents MB.[3] In all other modes this letter represents B.[2] The Westron name for this letter is .[4]


Etymology

The word ambar ("doom") may be a variant. The word derives from the Primitive Quendian Root MBARAT[5] It is also possible that umbar contains the prefix u- (u + ambar), meaning that it has mainly negative and dark connotations compared to plain ambar, like Úmarth.

Examples

Cognates

Notes

The Haven of Umbar is a Mannish name of unknown meaning and origin, and despite the coincidental similarity, it is not related to Quenya.[6]

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note
  4. See Westron Tengwar
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", MBARAT-
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of Men"