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United Artists

Revision as of 14:15, 20 December 2008 by Mith (Talk | contribs)

United Artists is an American film studio (now owned by Metro-Goodwyn-Mayer) which purchased the film rights to The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit from J.R.R. Tolkien in 1969. There is an apocryphal story that Tolkien sold the film rights for £10,000[1] in order to pay a tax bill, but he, in fact, sold the film rights for over £100,000[2] (£104,602)[3] in order to replenish his dwindling finances through the rest of his retirement.

United Artists then sold most of the film rights to Saul Zaentz. The company then distributed Ralph Bakshi's The Lord of the Rings to theaters. The company had originally planned to produce John Boorman's The Lord of the Rings. United Artists still holds the distribution.

External links


  1. This is London, "Tolkien sold film rights for £10,000", 7 December 2001
  2. The Telegraph, "JRR Tolkien's estate to sue Lord of the Rings filmmakers New Line Cinema over profits", 17 February 2008
  3. The Times, "Focus: Tolkien sold film rights to Lord of the Rings to avoid taxman", 15 December 2002