Tolkien Gateway

User:Mith/Sandbox

(Difference between revisions)
m (Amendments to Cosmology)
(The Importance of Numbers)
Line 72: Line 72:
 
|}
 
|}
  
==The Importance of Numbers==
+
=Middle-earth Numerology=
===One===
+
Within [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]'s [[legendarium]], it has been noted by authors such as [[Christopher Kreuzer]]<ref name="Kreuzer">[[Christopher Kreuzer]], "Numbers in Tolkien", paper delivered at [[Tolkien 2005]]</ref> that within Tolkien's works that certain numbers re-appear again and again. Below is a comprehensive list of the occurrences of each number.
*One God, [[Eru]]
+
==One==
*[[One Gross]] at the [[Bilbo's Farewell Party|Party]]?
+
* One God, [[Eru]] [[Ilúvatar]];
*[[One-hand|One hand]] of [[Beren]] (''[[Erchamion]]'')
+
* [[One Gross]] at [[Bilbo's Farewell Party]];
*One hand of [[Maedhros]]
+
* [[One-hand|One hand]] of [[Beren]] (''Erchamion'');
*[[One Ring]]
+
* One hand of [[Maedhros]];
*One [[White Tree of Gondor|White Tree]]
+
* [[The One Ring]];
*[[Lonely Mountain]]
+
* One white cat of Queen [[Berúthiel]];
===Two===
+
* One [[White Tree of Gondor|White Tree]];
*[[Children of Iluvatar|Two Kindreds]]
+
* [[Erebor]], the Lonely Mountain.
*[[Two Kingdoms]]
+
==Two==
*[[Two Lamps]]
+
* [[Children of Ilúvatar|Two Kindreds]] ([[Elves]] and [[Men]]);
*[[Two Towers]]
+
* [[Reunited Kingdom|Two Kingdoms]] ([[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]]);
*[[Two Trees]] (and on [[Doors of Durin]])
+
* [[Two Lamps]] ([[Illuin]] and [[Ormal]]);
*[[Two Watchers]]
+
* [[The Two Towers|Two Towers]] ([[Orthanc]] and [[Minas Morgul]]);
====Other Pairs====
+
* [[Two Trees of Valinor|Two Trees]] (Telperion and Laurelin; also displayed on the [[Doors of Durin]]);
*[[Amon Hen]] and [[Amon Lhaw]]
+
* [[Two Watchers]].
*[[Argonath]]
+
===Other Pairs===
*[[Frodo]] and [[Sam]]
+
* [[Amon Hen]] and [[Amon Lhaw]];
*[[Gondor]] and [[Arnor]]
+
* The [[Argonath]];
*[[Lindon]]: [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] and [[Forlond]]; [[Harlindon]] and [[Forlindon]]
+
* [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]];
*[[Merry]] and [[Pippin]]
+
* [[Lindon]] ([[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] and [[Forlond]]; [[Harlindon]] and [[Forlindon]]);
*[[Minas Anor]] and [[Minas Ithil]]
+
* [[Meriadoc Brandybuck|Merry]] and [[Peregrin Took|Pippin]];
*[[Sun]] and [[Moon]]
+
* [[Minas Tirith (Gondor)|Minas Anor]] and [[Minas Morgul|Minas Ithil]];
*[[Twins]]
+
* [[Sun]] and [[Moon]];
 
+
* [[Towers of the Teeth]] ([[Carchost]] and [[Narchost]]);
*Black and white
+
* [[Twins]]:
*East and West
+
** [[Amrod]]  and [[Amras]];
*Good and evil
+
** [[Eluréd]] and [[Elurín]];
*Light and dark
+
** [[Elrond]] and [[Elros]];
*Night and day
+
** [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]].
 
+
===Dichotomies===
===Three===
+
* Black and white;
====Examples====
+
* [[East]] and [[West]];
*Three dogs owned by Farmer Maggot
+
* Good and evil;
*Three dwarves travelling with Bilbo after his 111st birthday
+
* Light and dark;
*[[Three-farthing Stone]]
+
* Night and day.
*Three feet tall was the height hobbits "''seldom reached''"
+
==Three==
*[[Hair of Galadriel|Three Hairs of Galadriel]] gifted to Gimli
+
* Three dogs owned by [[Farmer Maggot]] ([[Fang (dog)|Fang]], [[Grip]] and [[Wolf (dog)|Wolf]]);
*Three guesses to "''What's in my pocket?''"
+
* Three [[dwarves]] travelled with [[Bilbo Baggins|Bilbo]] after his birthday;
*Three hobbit-families of Bagshot Row
+
* [[Three-Farthing Stone]];
*[[Three Houses of the Edain]]
+
* Three feet tall was the height hobbits "''seldom reached''";
*Three Houses of the Noldor (Feanor, Fingolfin, Finarfin)?
+
* [[Hair of Galadriel|Three Hairs of Galadriel]] gifted to [[Gimli]];
*[[Three Hunters]]
+
* Three guesses to "''What's in my pocket?''";
*[[Three Keepers]]
+
* Three hobbit-families of Bagshot Row;
*[[Three Kindreds]]
+
* [[Edain#The Three Houses|Three Houses of the Edain]] ([[House of Bëor]], [[House of Haleth]], and [[House of Hador]]);
*Three Kingdoms of Arnor
+
* [[Three Hunters]] ([[Aragorn]], [[Gimli]] and [[Legolas]]);
*Three loud hoots of a horn by Bilbo before his speech
+
* [[Three Kindreds]] ([[Vanyar]], [[Noldor]] and [[Teleri]]);
*Three [[Mountains of Moria]]
+
* Three Kingdoms of [[Arnor]] ([[Arthedain]], [[Cardolan]] and [[Rhudaur]]);
*Three official meals at the Birthday Party
+
* Three loud hoots of a horn by [[Bilbo Baggins|Bilbo]] before his speech;
 +
* Three [[Mountains of Moria]] ([[Caradhras]], [[Celebdil]] and [[Fanuidhol]]);
 +
* Three official meals at the [[Bilbo's Farewell Party|Birthday Party]];
 
*[[Three Prayers]]
 
*[[Three Prayers]]
*Three Races ([[Dwarves]], [[Elves]] and [[Men]])
+
* Three Races ([[Dwarves]], [[Elves]] and [[Men]]);
*[[Three Rings]] and [[Three Keepers]]
+
* [[Three Rings]] ([[Narya]], [[Nenya]] and [[Vilya]]);
*Three Shirriffs in each Farthing
+
** [[Three Keepers]] ([[Elrond]], [[Galadriel]] and [[Gandalf]]);
*Three [[Silmarils]]
+
* Three [[Shirriffs]] in each [[Farthing]];
*Three sons of [[Finwë]]
+
* Three [[Silmarils]];
*Three times the dragon firework circled overhead
+
* Three sons of [[Finwë]] ([[Fëanor]], [[Finarfin]] and [[Fingolfin]]):
*Three towers at [[Tower Hills]]
+
** Three Houses of the [[Noldor]] ([[House of Fëanor]], [[House of Finarfin]] and [[House of Fingolfin]]);
*Three types of [[Hobbit]]
+
* Three towers at [[Tower Hills]];
*Three Unions of [[Elves]] and [[Men]]
+
* Three trolls ([[Bert]], [[William Huggins|Bill]] and [[Tom]]);
====Symbolism====
+
* Three types of [[Hobbit]] ([[Fallohides]], [[Harfoots]] and [[Stoors]]);
*Holy Trinity
+
* Three unions of [[Elves]] and [[Men]] ([[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]]; [[Tuor]] and [[Idril]]; [[Aragorn]] and [[Arwen]]).
===Four===
+
==Four==
*Four [[Farthings]]
+
*Four [[Farthings]] of [[the Shire]];
*Four Hobbits in the Fellowship
+
*Four [[Hobbits]] in the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] ([[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]], [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]], [[Meriadoc Brandybuck|Merry]] and [[Peregrin Took|Merry]]).
===Five===
+
==Five==
*Five Armies in the [[Battle of Five Armies]]
+
* Five Armies in the [[Battle of Five Armies]] ([[Elves]], [[Men]] and [[Dwarves]] vs [[Goblins]] and [[Wargs]]);
*[[Five Rivers of Lebinnin]]
+
* [[Five Rivers of Lebennin|Five Rivers]] of [[Lebennin]] ([[Anduin]], [[Celos]], [[Sirith]], [[Serni]] and [[Gilrain]]);
*Five [[Wizards]]
+
* Five [[Wizards]] ([[Gandalf]], [[Saruman]], [[Radagast]], [[Pallando]] and [[Alatar]]).
===Seven===
+
==Seven==
*Dwarf fathers and dwarf races
+
* Seven [[Warning beacons of Gondor|Beacons]] of [[Gondor]] ([[Amon Dîn]], [[Eilenach]], [[Nardol]], [[Erelas]], [[Min-Rimmon]], [[Calenhad]] and [[Halifirien]]);
*[[Gondolin]]
+
* Seven [[Durin]]s;
**[[Seven Gates]]
+
* [[Seven Fathers of the Dwarves]];
**Seven Names
+
** Seven [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] clans ([[Blacklocks]], [[Broadbeams]], [[Firebeards]], [[Ironfists]], [[Durin's Folk|Longbeards]], [[Stiffbeards]] and [[Stonefoots]]);
*Seven Kings (in "''Yes, when you also have the Keys of Barad-dûr itself, I suppose; and the crowns of seven kings, and the rods of the Five Wizards, and have purchased yourself a pair of boots many sizes larger than those that you wear now.''")
+
** Seven Dwarven hoards;
*Seven [[Lords of the Valar]]
+
* [[Gondolin]] had:
*[[Minas Tirith]]
+
** [[Seven Gates of Gondolin|Seven Gates]] ([[Gate of Wood]], [[Gate of Stone]], [[Gate of Bronze]], [[Gate of Writhen Iron]], [[Gate of Silver]], [[Gate of Gold]], [[Gate of Steel]]).
*Seven Rivers of [[Ossiriand]]
+
** Seven Names (Gondolin, Gondobar, Gondothlimbar, Gwarestrin, Gar Thurion, Loth and Lothengriol);
*Seven signatures in red ink requires on wills
+
* Seven hours over which the [[Two Trees of Valinor|Two Trees]] waxed and waned;
*Seven [[Sons of Feanor]]
+
* Seven [[Lords of the Valar]] ([[Manwë]], [[Ulmo]], [[Aulë]], [[Oromë]], [[Námo (Mandos)|Mandos]], [[Irmo|Lórien]] and [[Tulkas]]);
*[[Seven Stars]]
+
* [[Minas Tirith]] had:
*[[Palantíri|Seven Stones]]
+
** Seven Gates;
*Seven toes on each of each of Treebeard's feet
+
** Seven Levels;
*Seven [[Valier]]
+
* [[Seven Rings]];
*Seven Year term for [[Mayor of Michel Delving|Mayor of the Shire]]
+
* Seven Rivers of [[Ossiriand]] ([[Gelion]], [[Ascar]], [[Thalos]], [[Legolin]], [[Brilthor]], [[Duilwen]] and [[Adurant]]);
 +
* Seven signatures in red ink required on wills;
 +
* Seven [[Sons of Fëanor]] ([[Maedhros]], [[Maglor]], [[Celegorm]], [[Caranthir]], [[Curufin]], [[Amrod]] and [[Amras]]);
 +
* [[Seven Stars]] representing:
 +
** [[Durin's Crown]];
 +
** The [[Palantíri]];
 +
** The [[Valacirca]]'
 +
* [[Palantíri|Seven Stones]];
 +
* Seven swans taken as a sign by [[Tuor]];
 +
* Seven times [[Fingolfin]] wounded [[Morgoth]], and seven times [[Morgoth]] cried in pain;
 +
* Seven toes on each of each of [[Treebeard]]'s feet;
 +
* Seven [[Valier]] ([[Varda]], [[Yavanna]], [[Nienna]], [[Estë]], [[Vairë]], [[Vána]]  and [[Nessa]]);
 +
* Seven-year term for [[Mayor of Michel Delving|Mayor of the Shire]];
 +
** [[Samwise Gamgee]] was elected Mayor seven times.
  
*Gandalf wished [[Barliman Butterbur]] his beer seven year surpassing excellence
+
* Gandalf wished [[Barliman Butterbur]] his beer seven years of surpassing excellence;
*[[Lobelia]] had to wait seventy-seven years for [[Bag End]]
+
==Eight==
*Twenty-first hall of Moria was on the seventh level
+
* Eight [[Aratar]].
===Nine===
+
==Nine==
*Nine Fingers of both Frodo and Sauron
+
* Nine black cats of Queen [[Berúthiel]];
*[[Nine Rings]]
+
* Nine fingers of [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]];
*Nine [[Ringwraiths]]
+
* Nine fingers of [[Sauron]];
*Nine Ships of the [[Faithful]]
+
* [[Nine Rings]];
*[[Nine Walkers]]
+
** Nine [[Nazgûl|Ringwraiths]];
===Look at===
+
* Nine ships of the [[Faithful]];
*[http://www.mythictruth.com/MainPages/three_seven_nine_nn.htm Three, Seven and Nine]
+
* [[Nine Walkers]] (Frodo, [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]], [[Meriadoc Brandybuck|Merry]], [[Peregrin Took|Pippin]], [[Gandalf]], [[Aragorn II|Aragorn]], [[Legolas]], [[Gimli]] and [[Boromir]]).
 +
==See Also==
 +
* [[Quenya numbers]]
 +
* [[Sindarin numbers]]
 +
==External Links==
 +
* [http://www.mythictruth.com/MainPages/three_seven_nine_nn.htm Three, Seven and Nine] at Mythic Truth
 +
{{references}}
 +
[[Category:Tolkien Gateway research]][[Category:Numbers]]
  
 
==Years==
 
==Years==

Revision as of 15:34, 28 June 2010

Cosmology

Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations:  Anarríma | Durin's Crown | Menelmacar | Remmirath | Soronúmë | Telumendil | Valacirca | Wilwarin
Stars:  Alcarinquë | Borgil | Carnil | Elemmírë | Helluin | Luinil | Lumbar | Morwinyon | Nénar | Star of Eärendil | Til 
The Airs:  Aiwenórë | Fanyamar | Ilmen | Menel | Vaiya | Veil of Arda | Vista
Narsilion:  Arien | Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) | Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) | Tilion
See Also:  Abyss | Arda | Circles of the World | | Timeless Halls | Two Lamps | Two Trees | Void

Sundering of the Elves Template

The Elves
Quendi Eldar Vanyar
Noldor
Teleri
Sindar
Nandor
Avari
The Elves
Quendi
Eldar Avari
Vanyar Noldor Teleri
Falmari Sindar Nandor
(Silvan)
Falathrim Laiquendi
Calaquendi Úmanyar
Moriquendi

Middle-earth Numerology

Within J.R.R. Tolkien's legendarium, it has been noted by authors such as Christopher Kreuzer[1] that within Tolkien's works that certain numbers re-appear again and again. Below is a comprehensive list of the occurrences of each number.

One

Two

Other Pairs

Dichotomies

  • Black and white;
  • East and West;
  • Good and evil;
  • Light and dark;
  • Night and day.

Three

Four

Five

Seven

Eight

Nine

See Also

External Links

References

  1. Christopher Kreuzer, "Numbers in Tolkien", paper delivered at Tolkien 2005

Years

Third Age 492

Adjacent Years

Years
462 480 490 492 500 515 541

Related Years

Related Years
222 310 411 420 492 500 541

Third Age 490

Adjacent Years

Years
435 462 480 490 492 500 515

Related Years

Related Years
310 490 492 500 541 1851 1899

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found