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Valacirca

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'''Valacirca''' "''[[Sickle of the Valar]]''", was one of the [[constellations]] set in the heavens by [[Varda]] to enlighten the awakening of the elves and gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars ([[The Silmarillion]], Chap. 3; cf. MR 71, 160). Other constellations were [[Wilwarin]], [[Telumendil]], [[Soronúmë]], [[Anarríma]] and [[Menelmacar]] (or [[Telumehtar]]).
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'''Valacirca''' ([[Quenya|Q.]] "''[[Sickle of the Valar]]''") was one of the [[constellations]] set in the heavens by [[Varda]] to enlighten the awakening of the Elves and gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>.  
  
Valacirca is by far the most important constellation in the heavens of Arda. It is also the first to appear in the mythology that [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] begun to develop in the [[1910]]'s.
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Valacirca is by far the most important constellation in the heavens of Arda. It is also the first to appear in the mythology that [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] begun to develop in the [[1910]]'s<sup>[[#References|2]]</sup>.
  
Valacirca can be identified with ''Ursus Major'', the Great Bear, or, more precisely, the Big Dipper (Plough in Great Britain) with its seven stars, often referred to in the writings of Tolkien.
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==Other names==
 
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In [[Sindarin]], the name was translated as '''Cerch i-Mbelain'''. The names ''[[Otselen]]'' and ''[[Edegil]]'' were also used in reference to the seven stars of the constellation. [[Hobbits]] called it the ''Burning Briar''. The constellation is also known as ''the Plough'', a name used in British English to refer to the seven brightest stars in ''Ursa Major''<sup>[[#References|3]]</sup>, known in US English as ''Big Dipper''.
Another name-form: [[Valakirka]]
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It is unclear whether the Dwarvish constellation ''[[Durin's Crown]]'', seen in the reflection of [[Mirrormere]], is the ''Plough''; in a letter published in [[Vinyar Tengwar 13]], Steve Gardner argues that it could be either Auriga<sup>[[#References|4]]</sup> or the Northern Cross<sup>[[#References|5]]</sup> too, as the Plough looks nothing like a crown<sup>[[#References|6]]</sup>.
 
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Other names: the [[Seven Stars]], the [[Silver Sickle]], [[Sickle of the Gods]], [[Burning Briar]], also: [[Silver Bear]], [[Silver Wain]]
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Other names in [[Elvish]] languages: [[Edegil]], [[Otselen]]
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==References==
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# ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor]]
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# ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part 1]]'', passim.
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# ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ursa_Major Ursa Major at Wikipedia]''
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# ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auriga_(constellation) Auriga at Wikipedia]''
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# ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corona_Borealis Northern Cross at Wikipedia]''
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# ''[[Vinyar Tengwar 13]]'', page 3.
 
[[Category:Constellations]]
 
[[Category:Constellations]]
 
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[[Category:Quenya words]]
 
[[de:Valacirca]]
 
[[de:Valacirca]]

Revision as of 21:17, 4 March 2008

Valacirca (Q. "Sickle of the Valar") was one of the constellations set in the heavens by Varda to enlighten the awakening of the Elves and gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars1.

Valacirca is by far the most important constellation in the heavens of Arda. It is also the first to appear in the mythology that J.R.R. Tolkien begun to develop in the 1910's2.

Other names

In Sindarin, the name was translated as Cerch i-Mbelain. The names Otselen and Edegil were also used in reference to the seven stars of the constellation. Hobbits called it the Burning Briar. The constellation is also known as the Plough, a name used in British English to refer to the seven brightest stars in Ursa Major3, known in US English as Big Dipper. It is unclear whether the Dwarvish constellation Durin's Crown, seen in the reflection of Mirrormere, is the Plough; in a letter published in Vinyar Tengwar 13, Steve Gardner argues that it could be either Auriga4 or the Northern Cross5 too, as the Plough looks nothing like a crown6.

References

  1. The Silmarillion, Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor
  2. The Book of Lost Tales Part 1, passim.
  3. Ursa Major at Wikipedia
  4. Auriga at Wikipedia
  5. Northern Cross at Wikipedia
  6. Vinyar Tengwar 13, page 3.