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Valar

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{{Transcribed|Valar_tengwar.png|Valar|Tengwar, Quenya mode}}
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{{Transcribed|Tengwar Valar.png|Valar|Tengwar, Quenya mode}}
 
{{pronounce|Quenya - Valar.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Quenya - Valar.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
  
The '''Valar''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈvalar]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈβalar]}}; sg. '''Vala''') are the ''Powers of Arda'' who live on the Western continent of [[Aman]].
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The '''Valar''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈvalar]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈβalar]}}; sg. '''Vala''') are the '''Powers of Arda''' who live on the Western continent of [[Aman]].
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
The Valar were the fourteen powerful spirits of the [[Races|race]] of the [[Ainur]] who entered [[Arda]] after its creation to give order to the world and combat the evils of [[Melkor]]. They dwelt originally on the Isle of [[Almaren]], but after its destruction, long before the Awakening of the [[Elves]], they moved to [[Aman]] and founded [[Valinor]].
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The Valar were the fourteen powerful spirits of the [[Races|race]] of the [[Ainur]] who entered [[Arda]] after its creation to give order to the world and combat the evils of [[Morgoth|Melkor]]. They dwelt originally on the Isle of [[Almaren]], but after its destruction, long before the Awakening of the [[Elves]], they moved to [[Aman]] and founded [[Valinor]].
  
 
They were the greatest of the Ainur who witnessed the Vision of [[Ilúvatar]] and so came to create Arda.  Melkor came to Arda to claim it for his own.
 
They were the greatest of the Ainur who witnessed the Vision of [[Ilúvatar]] and so came to create Arda.  Melkor came to Arda to claim it for his own.
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==Names==
 
==Names==
 
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These are the names of the Valar as they were known to the [[Eldar]]. In Middle-earth, they were known by other names of [[Sindarin]] origin; for example they called [[Varda]] "Elbereth".  [[Men]] knew them by many other names, sometimes referring to them as "gods" at first. The [[Dwarves]] called Aulë, their creator, ''[[Aulë#Names and etymology|Mahal]]''. It should be noted that, with the exception of Oromë, the names listed below are not actual names but rather titles: the true names of the Valar are nowhere recorded. Male Valar are called "Lords of the Valar"; females are called "Queens of the Valar," or '''Valier'''.  In [[Sindarin]], the equivalents to ''Vala'' and ''Valar'' would be '''[[Balan]]''' and '''Belain''', respectively. They were not used in common language; it only survived in ''[[Tárion|Orbelain]]'' and ''[[Valacirca|Cerch i Mbelain]]''. In Sindarin, they were called '''Rodyn''' (singular ''Rodon'') instead.  
These are the names of the Valar as they were known to the [[Eldar]]. In Middle-earth, they were known by other names of [[Sindarin]] origin; for example they called Varda [[Elbereth]].  [[Men]] knew them by many other names, sometimes referring to them as "gods" at first. The [[Dwarves]] called Aulë, their creator, ''[[Mahal]]''. It should be noted that, with the exception of Oromë, the names listed below are not actual names but rather titles: the true names of the Valar are nowhere recorded. Male Valar are called "Lords of the Valar"; females are called "Queens of the Valar," or '''Valier'''.  In [[Sindarin]], the equivalents to ''Vala'' and ''Valar'' would be '''Balan''' and '''Belain''', respectively. They were not used in common language; it only survived in ''[[Tárion|Orbelain]]'' and ''[[Valacirca|Cerch i Mbelain]]''. In Sindarin, they were called '''Rodyn''' (singular ''Rodon'') instead.  
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=== Lords of the Valar ===
 
=== Lords of the Valar ===
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* [[Aulë]], the Smith
 
* [[Aulë]], the Smith
 
* [[Oromë]] Aldaron, the Great Rider
 
* [[Oromë]] Aldaron, the Great Rider
* [[Námo]] ([[Mandos]]), Judge of the Dead  
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* [[Mandos]] (Námo), Judge of the Dead  
* [[Irmo (Lórien)|Irmo]] (Lórien), Master of Dreams and Desires
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* [[Irmo]] (Lórien), Master of Dreams and Desires
 
* [[Tulkas]] Astaldo, Champion of Valinor
 
* [[Tulkas]] Astaldo, Champion of Valinor
  
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===Other names===
 
===Other names===
 
 
The '''[[Aratar]]''' "Exalted" ([[Sindarin]]: ''[[Rodyn]]'') or '''High Ones of Arda''' are the eight greatest of the Valar: [[Manwë]], [[Varda]], [[Ulmo]],  [[Aulë]], [[Yavanna]], [[Mandos]], [[Nienna]], and [[Oromë]]. Melkor, the most powerful of all, is not counted among them.
 
The '''[[Aratar]]''' "Exalted" ([[Sindarin]]: ''[[Rodyn]]'') or '''High Ones of Arda''' are the eight greatest of the Valar: [[Manwë]], [[Varda]], [[Ulmo]],  [[Aulë]], [[Yavanna]], [[Mandos]], [[Nienna]], and [[Oromë]]. Melkor, the most powerful of all, is not counted among them.
  
[[Irmo (Lórien)|Lórien]] and [[Mandos]] are brothers and are referred to collectively as the '''''[[Fëanturi]]''''' or "Masters of Spirits".
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[[Irmo|Lórien]] and [[Mandos]] are brothers and are referred to collectively as the '''''[[Fëanturi]]''''' or "Masters of Spirits".
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 +
In [[Ælfwine|Ælfwine's]] translations in [[Old English]], the Valar were called Frean "lords", Ese "gods", Bregan "rulers" and Maegen "powers".
 +
 
 +
In the [[Akallabêth]] the Valar are also called <b>the Lords of Valinor</b>.
  
 
==Relationships between the Valar==
 
==Relationships between the Valar==
 
Ilúvatar brought the Valar (and all of the Ainur) into being by his thought, and may therefore be considered their father. However, not all of the Valar are siblings; where this is held to be so it is because they are so "in the thought of Ilúvatar".
 
Ilúvatar brought the Valar (and all of the Ainur) into being by his thought, and may therefore be considered their father. However, not all of the Valar are siblings; where this is held to be so it is because they are so "in the thought of Ilúvatar".
  
It was the Valar who first practiced marriage, and later passed on their custom to the Elves. However only one such marriage among the Valar took place within the world, that of Tulkas and Nessa after the raising of the [[Two Lamps]]. Ulmo and Nienna (and Melko) were unmarried.
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It was the Valar who first practiced marriage, and later passed on their custom to the Elves. However only one such marriage among the Valar took place within the world, that of Tulkas and Nessa after the raising of the [[Two Lamps]]. Ulmo and Nienna (and Melkor) were unmarried.  In the diagram below the Aratar are in '''bold''' font and the Fëanturi are in ''Italic'' font.
 
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                                        [[Ilúvatar]]  
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                                      ||||||||||_____________________________________________
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  ____________________________________|||||||||____________________________________        | 
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  |          _________________________|||||||________________________            |        | 
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  |          |          ______________|||||_______________        |            |        |
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  |          |          |    _________|||__________    |        |            |        |
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  |    _______|_______    |    |      ___|_____    |    |      ___|____    ___|____    |
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  |    |      |      |    |    |      |      |    |    |      |      |    |      |    |
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[[Vairë]]=[[Námo]]  [[Nienna]]  [[Irmo (Lórien)|Irmo]]=[[Estë]]  [[Ulmo]]  [[Melkor]]  [[Manwë]]=[[Varda]]  [[Aulë]]=[[Yavanna]]  [[Vána]]=[[Oromë]]  [[Nessa]]=[[Tulkas]]
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<div style="overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y: hidden; border: 1px solid #AAAAAA; padding: 3px; background: #EEEEEE;">
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree |boxstyle=white-space:;background-color:#FFFFFF;| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ILU | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |ILU=[[Ilúvatar]]}}
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{{familytree |boxstyle=white-space:;background-color:#FFFFFF;| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree |boxstyle=white-space:;background-color:#FFFFFF;| |,|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree |boxstyle=white-space:;background-color:#FFFFFF;| |!| | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| | | |,|-|^|-|.| | | |,|-|^|-|.| | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree |boxstyle=white-space:;background-color:#FFFFFF;| VAI |~| MAN | | NIE | | IRM |~| EST | | ULM | | MEL | | MWE |~| VAR | | AUL |~| YAV | | VAN |~| ORO | | NES |~| TUL |VAI=[[Vairë]]|MAN='''''[[Mandos]]'''''|NIE='''[[Nienna]]'''|IRM=''[[Irmo]]''|EST=[[Estë]]|ULM='''[[Ulmo]]'''|MEL=[[Morgoth|Melkor]]|MWE='''[[Manwë]]'''|VAR='''[[Varda]]'''|AUL='''[[Aulë]]'''|YAV='''[[Yavanna]]'''|VAN=[[Vána]]|ORO='''[[Oromë]]'''|NES=[[Nessa]]|TUL=[[Tulkas]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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</div>
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Valaquenta]]
 
*[[Valaquenta]]
 +
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
  
 
{{ainur}}
 
{{ainur}}
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==Gallery==
 
==Gallery==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:1165596484melkor.jpg | [[Melkor]]
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File:Angel Falto - Melkor.jpg | [[Morgoth|Melkor]]
Image:Manwe.jpg | [[Manwë]]
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File:Alice Falto - Manwe.jpg | [[Manwë]]
Image:Anya Valle - Varda Elentari.jpg | [[Varda]]
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File:Tania Weil - Varda Elentari.jpg | [[Varda]]
 
Image:John Howe - Ulmo, Lord of the Waters.jpg | [[Ulmo]]
 
Image:John Howe - Ulmo, Lord of the Waters.jpg | [[Ulmo]]
Image:Aule.jpg | [[Aulë]]
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File:Alice Falto - Aule.jpg | [[Aulë]]
 
Image:Mikel Janin - Yavanna.jpg | [[Yavanna]]
 
Image:Mikel Janin - Yavanna.jpg | [[Yavanna]]
Image:Mandos Namo.jpg | [[Námo]]
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File:Angel Falto - Mandos.jpg | [[Mandos|Námo]]
 
Image:Daniel Govar - Nienna.jpg | [[Nienna]]
 
Image:Daniel Govar - Nienna.jpg | [[Nienna]]
Image:Orome.jpg | [[Oromë]]
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File:Angel Falto - Orome.jpg | [[Oromë]]
Image:1162657371este1.jpg | [[Estë]]
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File:Alice Falto - Este.jpg | [[Estë]]
Image:1162571789lorien.jpg | [[Irmo]]
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File:Angel Falto - Lorien.jpg | [[Irmo]]
Image:1162657604vaire.jpg | [[Vairë]]
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File:Alice Falto - Vaire.jpg | [[Vairë]]
 
Image:Olga Kukhtenkova - Vana.jpg | [[Vána]]
 
Image:Olga Kukhtenkova - Vana.jpg | [[Vána]]
Image:Tulkas.jpg | [[Tulkas]]
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File:Angel Falto - Tulkas.jpg | [[Tulkas]]
Image:Nessa.jpg | [[Nessa]]
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File:Alice Falto - Nessa.jpg | [[Nessa]]
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
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[[Category:Valar| ]]
 
[[Category:Valar| ]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
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[[de:Valar]]
 
[[de:Valar]]
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[[fa:والا]]
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[[fr:encyclo/peuples/ainur/valar]]
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[[fi:Valar]]

Revision as of 16:04, 14 April 2013

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Valar
Valar
Tengwar, Quenya mode

The Valar (Q, pron. N [ˈvalar], V [ˈβalar]; sg. Vala) are the Powers of Arda who live on the Western continent of Aman.

Contents

History

The Valar were the fourteen powerful spirits of the race of the Ainur who entered Arda after its creation to give order to the world and combat the evils of Melkor. They dwelt originally on the Isle of Almaren, but after its destruction, long before the Awakening of the Elves, they moved to Aman and founded Valinor.

They were the greatest of the Ainur who witnessed the Vision of Ilúvatar and so came to create Arda. Melkor came to Arda to claim it for his own.

Manwë and Melkor fought, and Manwë called other spirits to help him in his battle. Among these were the other Valar and the Maiar. Melkor withdrew from the battle, and the others continued their creation of the World. But Melkor saw this, and returned to fight for control of Arda.

The Valar (like any of the Ainur) have no fixed shape, but often take the shapes of Men and Elves, or they can remain invisible.

The Valar are not gods, though Men have often mistaken them as such in the beginning of Arda. They are actually emissaries or regents of Ilúvatar, the monotheistic God of the world, who rarely directly intervenes in the world's course of events.

Names

These are the names of the Valar as they were known to the Eldar. In Middle-earth, they were known by other names of Sindarin origin; for example they called Varda "Elbereth". Men knew them by many other names, sometimes referring to them as "gods" at first. The Dwarves called Aulë, their creator, Mahal. It should be noted that, with the exception of Oromë, the names listed below are not actual names but rather titles: the true names of the Valar are nowhere recorded. Male Valar are called "Lords of the Valar"; females are called "Queens of the Valar," or Valier. In Sindarin, the equivalents to Vala and Valar would be Balan and Belain, respectively. They were not used in common language; it only survived in Orbelain and Cerch i Mbelain. In Sindarin, they were called Rodyn (singular Rodon) instead.

Lords of the Valar

  • Manwë Súlimo, King of the Valar
  • Ulmo, King of the Sea
  • Aulë, the Smith
  • Oromë Aldaron, the Great Rider
  • Mandos (Námo), Judge of the Dead
  • Irmo (Lórien), Master of Dreams and Desires
  • Tulkas Astaldo, Champion of Valinor

Queens of the Valar (Valier)

  • Varda Elentári, Queen of the Stars, wife of Manwë
  • Yavanna Kementári (Palùrien), Giver of Fruits, wife of Aulë
  • Nienna, Lady of Mercy
  • Estë the Gentle
  • Vairë the Weaver
  • Vána the Ever-young
  • Nessa the Dancer

Other names

The Aratar "Exalted" (Sindarin: Rodyn) or High Ones of Arda are the eight greatest of the Valar: Manwë, Varda, Ulmo, Aulë, Yavanna, Mandos, Nienna, and Oromë. Melkor, the most powerful of all, is not counted among them.

Lórien and Mandos are brothers and are referred to collectively as the Fëanturi or "Masters of Spirits".

In Ælfwine's translations in Old English, the Valar were called Frean "lords", Ese "gods", Bregan "rulers" and Maegen "powers".

In the Akallabêth the Valar are also called the Lords of Valinor.

Relationships between the Valar

Ilúvatar brought the Valar (and all of the Ainur) into being by his thought, and may therefore be considered their father. However, not all of the Valar are siblings; where this is held to be so it is because they are so "in the thought of Ilúvatar".

It was the Valar who first practiced marriage, and later passed on their custom to the Elves. However only one such marriage among the Valar took place within the world, that of Tulkas and Nessa after the raising of the Two Lamps. Ulmo and Nienna (and Melkor) were unmarried. In the diagram below the Aratar are in bold font and the Fëanturi are in Italic font.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ilúvatar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vairë
 
Mandos
 
Nienna
 
Irmo
 
Estë
 
Ulmo
 
Melkor
 
Manwë
 
Varda
 
Aulë
 
Yavanna
 
Vána
 
Oromë
 
Nessa
 
Tulkas
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music

Gallery

References