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Valarauco pl. Valaraucar[1][2] is the Quenya name for the Maiarin followers of Morgoth better known in their Sindarin form: Balrogs.


It is formed from words vala, 'power' and rauco, 'monster', possible Primitive Quendian as *balaraukô.

In The Etymologies, the word Balrog is derived from ñgwalaraukô[3] but this would derive Quenya *nwalarauco.


Valarauco is a paradox in the Quenya language as not forming a regular plural **Valaraucor but changing the final vowel in the plural (-o > -ar). No other Quenya words have been attested to form the plural in such a manner, but cf. sundo.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels p.415
  2. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998 p.10
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, The Etymologies, RUK