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Valinor

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[[Image:Ted Nasmith - The Shores of Valinor.jpg|thumb|300px|''The Shores of Valinor'' by [[Ted Nasmith]]]]'''Valinor''' (meaning ''Land of the Valar'') is the realm of the [[Valar]] in [[Aman]], the place to which they moved after being driven from [[Almaren]] by [[Melkor]].  Its major city was [[Valimar]], where the [[Vanyar]] and the [[Valar]] reside. Two other cities are [[Alqualondë]] and [[Tirion]], the respective homes of the [[Teleri]] and the [[Noldor]]. It also has an island, [[Tol Eressëa]], just off its east coast. It was also known as the [[Undying Lands]] as only immortal souls were allowed to reside there, with some exceptions when it came to the bearers of the [[One Ring]], and it is said, [[Gimli]] also accompanied his friend [[Legolas]] to these lands.  
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{{kingdom
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| image = [[Image:Ted Nasmith - The Shores of Valinor.jpg|250px]]
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| name = Valinor
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| meaning = Land of the [[Valar]]
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| type = Monarchy, Theocracy
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| hidep=yes
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| headofstate = [[Manwë]]
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| executive =
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| legislative =
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| judicial = [[Máhanaxar]]
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| capital = [[Valimar]]
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| language = [[Valarin]], [[Quenya]] (including [[Telerin]])
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| location = West of the [[Pelóri]]
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| populace= Valar, [[Maiar]], and [[Vanyar]]
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| currency =
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| religious = Belief in [[Ilúvatar|Eru Ilúvatar]]
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| holiday =
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| anthem =
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| formed = The departure of the Valar from [[Middle-earth]]
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| established = c. [[Years of the Lamps 3450|Y.L. 3450]]
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| reorganized =
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| fragmented =
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| dissolved =
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| restored =
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}}
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'''Valinor''' ([[Exilic Quenya|EQ]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈvalinor]}}) or '''Valinórë''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[valiˈnoːre]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[βaliˈnoːre]}}) was the realm of the [[Valar]] in central [[Aman]]. Aman refers to the whole continent, while Valinor properly refers to the inhabited lands by Valar and the Elves.
  
Valinor as explained was the home of the Valar, Tolkien's term for the gods of Middle-earth.  The sea to the west of the island was called [[Ekkaia]], or the encircling sea; it surrounded both Valinor and [[Middle-earth]].
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Valinor was the place to which the Valar moved after being driven from [[Almaren]] by [[Morgoth|Melkor]].
  
Each of the Valar had their own region of the land where they resided and altered things to their desire. [[Yavanna]], the goddess of nature, growth, and harvest, resided in the Pastures of Yavanna in the south of the island. [[Oromë]], the god of the hunt, lived in the Woods of Oromë to the north-east of the pastures. The forest was home to many creatures which Oromë could track and hunt. [[Nienna]], the lonely goddess of sorrow and endurance, lived cut off in the far west of the island in the Halls of Nienna where she spent her days crying, looking out to sea. Just south of the Halls of Nienna and to the north of the pastures there were the [[Halls of Mandos]]. [[Mandos]], the brother of Nienna, was the god of the afterlife. All inhabitants of Middle-earth went to the Halls of Mandos should they happen to die, mortals and immortals alike (Tolkien's immortals could be killed although they did not die of old age) although it was said that in death as in life, they were separated. Also living in the Halls of Mandos was his spouse [[Vaire]] the weaver, who wove the threads of time.  
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==Description==
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Valinor was encircled by the [[Pelóri]] mountains, which were raised by the Valar as a defense against Melkor.  
  
To the east of the Halls of Mandos was the Isle of [[Estë]], which was situated in the middle of the lake of [[Lorrellin]] which in turn was situated to the north of the Gardens of [[Lórien]] (not to be confused with Lothlórien in Middle-earth which was created by the same Valar, Lórien also known as [[Irmo]], the god of dreams). Estë and Lórien being husband and wife lived close together. To the north of this were the Mansions of [[Aulë]] the smith Valar who was spouse to Yavanna. In the north-east lay the Mansions of [[Manwë]] and [[Varda]], the two most powerful Valar, also married. To the west of them stood the [[Two Trees of Valinor]], [[Telperion]] and [[Laurelin]]. The entire great continent of '''Valinor''' was surrounded on three sides (excluding the north which was instead protected by ices flows) by a huge mountain range called the [[Pelóri]] mountains. In the extreme north-east, past the mountain range was the pass of [[Helcaraxë]], a vast ice sheet which in the beginning, before Valinor was risen after the fall of [[Númenor]] in to the sky to prevent people from travelling there, joined the two continents of Valinor and [[Middle-earth]]. In the beginning, some [[Elves]], tricked by the evil god [[Melkor]] passed along this pass to go back to Middle-Earth, among those was [[Galadriel]] who featured in the [[War of the Ring]]. Those who took this pass were not allowed back to Valinor for many years, but in the end pity was taken on them when Middle-earth began to fade and pass into the age of men and they were allowed to pass back to the [[Undying Lands]] of their own accord when they felt ready to do so.
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Its major city was [[Valmar]], where the [[Vanyar]] and the [[Valar]] reside. Two other cities are [[Alqualondë]] and [[Tirion]], the respective homes of the [[Teleri]] and the [[Noldor]]. It also had an island, [[Tol Eressëa]], just off its east coast. The sea to the west of the island was called [[Ekkaia]], the encircling sea which surrounded both Valinor and [[Middle-earth]].
  
Also, for a time before the ruin of Númenor, a long chain of small islands called the [[Enchanted Isles]] ran the full length of the east coast of the continent. These were created to prevent anyone, mortal or immortal, from reaching the land by sea.
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Each of the Valar had their own region of the land where they resided and altered things to their desire.
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*[[Yavanna]], the Vala of nature, growth, and harvest, resided in the [[Pastures of Yavanna]] in the south of the island.
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*[[Oromë]], the Vala of the hunt, lived in the [[Woods of Oromë]] to the north-east of the pastures. The forest was home to many creatures which Oromë could track and hunt.
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*[[Nienna]], the lonely Vala of sorrow and endurance, lived cut off in the far west of the island in the [[Halls of Nienna]] where she spent her days crying, looking out to sea. Just south of the Halls of Nienna and to the north of the pastures there were the [[Halls of Mandos]].
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*[[Mandos]], the brother of Nienna, was the Vala of the afterlife. All inhabitants of [[Arda]] went to the Halls of Mandos should they happen to die, mortals and immortals alike although it was said that in death as in life, they were separated. Also living in the Halls of Mandos was his spouse [[Vairë]] the weaver, who wove the threads of time.
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*To the south were situated the [[Lórien (Valinor)|Gardens of Lórien]], where dwelt [[Irmo]], the Vala of dreams. And on an isle situated in the middle of the lake of [[Lórellin]] in Lórien, dwelt Irmo's wife [[Estë]].
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*To the north of this were the Mansions of [[Aulë]] the smith Vala who was spouse to Yavanna.
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*In the north-east lay the Mansions of [[Manwë]] and [[Varda]], the two most powerful Valar.  
  
After the destruction of [[Númenor]], the [[Undying Lands]] were removed from [[Arda]] so that [[Men]] could not reach them and only the Elves could go there by the [[Straight Road]] and in ships capable of passing out of the Spheres of the earth. By special permission of the Valar, the [[Hobbits]] [[Frodo Baggins]], [[Bilbo Baggins]], and [[Samwise Gamgee]] were also permitted to go to Valinor, as well as [[Gimli]] the [[Dwarves|Dwarf]].
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To the west of them stood the mound [[Ezellohar]] with the [[Two Trees of Valinor]], [[Telperion]] and [[Laurelin]].  
  
It has been suggested that the concept was based off [[Hy Brasil]], a mythical land that can reputedly be seen off the coast of Ireland for one day in every seven years.
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After the destruction of [[Númenor]], the [[Undying Lands]] were removed from [[Arda]] so that [[Men]] could not reach them and only the Elves could go there by the [[Straight Road]] and in ships capable of passing out of the Spheres of the earth. By special permission of the Valar, the [[Hobbits]] [[Frodo Baggins]] and [[Bilbo Baggins]] were permitted to go to Valinor, being ring-bearers. They were followed by [[Samwise Gamgee]] and [[Gimli]] the [[Dwarves|Dwarf]] who were perhaps also permitted.
  
[[Category:Aman]]
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==Etymology==
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''Valinor'' (archaic ''Valinórë'') is [[Quenya]] meaning "Land of Valar". There is also the name ''Valandor'' of roughly the same meaning.
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The terms ''Ever-eve'' or ''Evereven'' also referred to Valinor.
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In [[Hobbits|Hobbit]] lore, the mythical West was known as ''[[Faery]]''.
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== Inspiration ==
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It has been suggested that the concept is mainly based on the legend of Faery of western mythology, as indicated by the hobbitish name.
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Furthermore, it seems to have been based on ghost and heavenly islands of ancient and medieval legends: Avalon, Hy Brasil, the Blessed Isles, the Elysian Fields, were mythical lands envisioned by the ancient peoples to be far into the western ocean. The legend somehow survived the Middle-Ages with [[Saint Brendan]]'s Island.
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{{ainur}}
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[[Category:Valinor| ]]
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[[Category:Quenya locations]]
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[[de:Valinor]]
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[[fi:Valinor]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/aman/valinor]]

Revision as of 13:01, 12 September 2012

Ted Nasmith - The Shores of Valinor.jpg
Valinor
EtymologyLand of the Valar
GovernmentMonarchy, Theocracy
Head of StateManwë
JudiciaryMáhanaxar
Societal information
CapitalValimar
LanguageValarin, Quenya (including Telerin)
LocationWest of the Pelóri
PopulaceValar, Maiar, and Vanyar
ReligionBelief in Eru Ilúvatar
Historical information
Formed fromThe departure of the Valar from Middle-earth
Establishmentc. Y.L. 3450

Valinor (EQ, pron. [ˈvalinor]) or Valinórë (Q, pron. N [valiˈnoːre], V [βaliˈnoːre]) was the realm of the Valar in central Aman. Aman refers to the whole continent, while Valinor properly refers to the inhabited lands by Valar and the Elves.

Valinor was the place to which the Valar moved after being driven from Almaren by Melkor.

Description

Valinor was encircled by the Pelóri mountains, which were raised by the Valar as a defense against Melkor.

Its major city was Valmar, where the Vanyar and the Valar reside. Two other cities are Alqualondë and Tirion, the respective homes of the Teleri and the Noldor. It also had an island, Tol Eressëa, just off its east coast. The sea to the west of the island was called Ekkaia, the encircling sea which surrounded both Valinor and Middle-earth.

Each of the Valar had their own region of the land where they resided and altered things to their desire.

  • Yavanna, the Vala of nature, growth, and harvest, resided in the Pastures of Yavanna in the south of the island.
  • Oromë, the Vala of the hunt, lived in the Woods of Oromë to the north-east of the pastures. The forest was home to many creatures which Oromë could track and hunt.
  • Nienna, the lonely Vala of sorrow and endurance, lived cut off in the far west of the island in the Halls of Nienna where she spent her days crying, looking out to sea. Just south of the Halls of Nienna and to the north of the pastures there were the Halls of Mandos.
  • Mandos, the brother of Nienna, was the Vala of the afterlife. All inhabitants of Arda went to the Halls of Mandos should they happen to die, mortals and immortals alike although it was said that in death as in life, they were separated. Also living in the Halls of Mandos was his spouse Vairë the weaver, who wove the threads of time.
  • To the south were situated the Gardens of Lórien, where dwelt Irmo, the Vala of dreams. And on an isle situated in the middle of the lake of Lórellin in Lórien, dwelt Irmo's wife Estë.
  • To the north of this were the Mansions of Aulë the smith Vala who was spouse to Yavanna.
  • In the north-east lay the Mansions of Manwë and Varda, the two most powerful Valar.

To the west of them stood the mound Ezellohar with the Two Trees of Valinor, Telperion and Laurelin.

After the destruction of Númenor, the Undying Lands were removed from Arda so that Men could not reach them and only the Elves could go there by the Straight Road and in ships capable of passing out of the Spheres of the earth. By special permission of the Valar, the Hobbits Frodo Baggins and Bilbo Baggins were permitted to go to Valinor, being ring-bearers. They were followed by Samwise Gamgee and Gimli the Dwarf who were perhaps also permitted.

Etymology

Valinor (archaic Valinórë) is Quenya meaning "Land of Valar". There is also the name Valandor of roughly the same meaning.

The terms Ever-eve or Evereven also referred to Valinor. In Hobbit lore, the mythical West was known as Faery.

Inspiration

It has been suggested that the concept is mainly based on the legend of Faery of western mythology, as indicated by the hobbitish name.

Furthermore, it seems to have been based on ghost and heavenly islands of ancient and medieval legends: Avalon, Hy Brasil, the Blessed Isles, the Elysian Fields, were mythical lands envisioned by the ancient peoples to be far into the western ocean. The legend somehow survived the Middle-Ages with Saint Brendan's Island.


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music