Tolkien Gateway

Varda

(Difference between revisions)
(Names and epithets: removed link to Gilthoniel (it's been redirected here).)
(40 intermediate revisions by 11 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{expansion}}
+
{{Expansion}}
{{valar infobox
+
{{Disambig-more|Elbereth|[[Elbereth (disambiguation)]]}}
 +
{{Valar infobox
 
| name=Varda
 
| name=Varda
| image=[[Image:Anya_Valle_-_Varda_Elentari.jpg|250px]]
+
| image=[[File:Tania Weil - Varda Elentari.jpg|250px]]
 
| othernames=See ''[[#Names and epithets|Names and epithets]]''
 
| othernames=See ''[[#Names and epithets|Names and epithets]]''
 
| coming=[[Years of the Lamps]]
 
| coming=[[Years of the Lamps]]
 
| appointment=Queen of the [[Valar]]
 
| appointment=Queen of the [[Valar]]
 
| creations=The [[stars]]
 
| creations=The [[stars]]
| maiar=[[Ilmarë]] and [[Olórin]]
+
| maiar=[[Ilmarë]] and [[Gandalf|Olórin]]
| dwelling=[[Taniquetil]]
+
| dwelling=[[Ilmarin]], [[Taniquetil]]
 
| gender=Female
 
| gender=Female
 
| spouse=[[Manwë]]
 
| spouse=[[Manwë]]
Line 16: Line 17:
 
| hair=
 
| hair=
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
|}}
+
}}
 
{{quote|O stars that in the Sunless Year<br>With shining hand by her were sown,<br>In Windy fields now bright and clear<br>We see your silver blossom blown!|[[Elven Hymn to Elbereth|Hymn to Elbereth]]}}
 
{{quote|O stars that in the Sunless Year<br>With shining hand by her were sown,<br>In Windy fields now bright and clear<br>We see your silver blossom blown!|[[Elven Hymn to Elbereth|Hymn to Elbereth]]}}
'''Varda Elentári''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈvarda ˌelenˈtaːri]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈβarda ˌelenˈtaːri]}}), known in [[Sindarin]] as '''Elbereth Gilthoniel''' (pron. {{IPA|[elbereθ ɡilθonjel]}}), was a [[Valar|Valië]], the wife of [[Manwë]] and Queen of the Valar.
+
'''Varda Elentári''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. [[Noldorin|N]] {{IPA|[ˈvarda ˌelenˈtaːri]}}, [[Vanyarin|V]] {{IPA|[ˈβarda ˌelenˈtaːri]}}), known in [[Sindarin]] as '''Elbereth Gilthoniel''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˈelbereθ ɡilˈθonjel]}}), was a [[Valar|Valië]], the wife of [[Manwë]] and Queen of the Valar.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
[[Image:Ted Nasmith - Varda and Manwë in Valinor.jpg|thumb|left|''Varda with Manwë in Valinor'', by [[Ted Nasmith]].]]
 
[[Image:Ted Nasmith - Varda and Manwë in Valinor.jpg|thumb|left|''Varda with Manwë in Valinor'', by [[Ted Nasmith]].]]
When [[Melkor]] first began to create his discord, Varda saw his mind, and hated him. Melkor feared and hated Varda the most out of the Valar.  
+
When [[Morgoth|Melkor]] first began to create his discord, Varda saw his mind, and despised him. Melkor feared and hated Varda the most out of the Valar.  
  
Varda was said to be too beautiful for words. Within her face radiated the light of [[Eru|Ilúvatar]]. She resided with [[Manwë]] in [[Valinor]]. Varda created the stars with the dews from the vats of [[Telperion]], the silver of the [[Two Trees]]. Varda is said to be the Vala most loved and revered by the [[Elves]] in Middle-earth, she is also believed to be the most beautiful.
+
Varda was said to be too beautiful for words. Within her face radiated the light of [[Ilúvatar]]. She resided with [[Manwë]] in [[Valinor]]. Varda created the stars with the dews from the vats of [[Telperion]], the first of the [[Two Trees]]. Varda is said to be the Vala most loved and revered by the [[Elves]] in Middle-earth, she is also believed to be the most beautiful.
  
 
==Inspiration==
 
==Inspiration==
The Valar, being divine beings below a greater, more ultimate Creator, [[Ilúvatar]], are thought of as being the [[Middle-earth]] equivalent of saints and angels; it has therefore been suggested that Varda, in her role as the most loved and prayed-to Vala, may be an equivalent of the Virgin Mary in Tolkien's own Catholic faith.
+
The Valar, being divine beings below the ultimate Creator, [[Ilúvatar]], are thought of as being the [[Middle-earth]] equivalent of saints and angels; it has therefore been suggested{{who}} that Varda, in her role as the most loved and prayed-to Vala, may be an equivalent of the Virgin Mary in Tolkien's own Catholic faith.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
''Varda'' means ''sublime'' or ''lofty'' in [[Quenya]] and in [[Telerin]] she was called [[Baradis]]. The [[Sindarin]] related name was [[Elbereth]].
+
''Varda'' means "sublime" or "lofty" in [[Quenya]], from [[PQ]] ''[[baradâ]]'', merged with ''[[barathî]]''
 +
 
 +
In [[Telerin]] she was called ''[[Baradis]]'', and in [[Sindarin]] ''[[Elbereth]]''.
 +
 
 +
All these come from the [[Sundocarmë|Root]] [[BARAT|BARÁD/BARATH]].<ref name=Ety351>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 351</ref>
  
 
In [[Adûnaic]], her name was adapted rather than translated; it became '''[[Avradî]]'''.
 
In [[Adûnaic]], her name was adapted rather than translated; it became '''[[Avradî]]'''.
  
Some older forms were '''Baráda''' and '''Bridhil'''.
+
Some older forms were ''Baráda, Bridhil, Timbridhil'' and ''Tinwetári''.
  
All this come from the [[root]] [[BARÁD]].
+
'''''Elbereth''''' derives from ''[[elen]]-[[bereth]]'' meaning "star-queen". It represents evolution of [[Primitive Quendian]] *''[[elen]]-[[barathî]]'' (the final ''-i'' [[i-affection|umlauted]] the word to ''berethi'') > ''elemberethi'' > ''elbereth''.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Donald Swann]], ''[[The Road Goes Ever On (book)|The Road Goes Ever On]]'', "[[A Elbereth Gilthoniel]]"</ref>
  
 
==Names and epithets==
 
==Names and epithets==
 
She was also known as ''[[Elentári]]'' "Star-queen", ''[[Tintallë]]'' "Star-kindler".  
 
She was also known as ''[[Elentári]]'' "Star-queen", ''[[Tintallë]]'' "Star-kindler".  
  
In [[Sindarin]] she is also known as '''[[Gilthoniel]]''' (Starkindler), '''[[Fanuilos]]''' (Ever-white).
+
In [[Sindarin]] she is also known as '''Gilthoniel''' (Starkindler), '''[[Fanuilos]]''' (Ever-white).
  
 
In Adûnaic she was also called '''[[Gimilnitîr]]''' "starkindler".
 
In Adûnaic she was also called '''[[Gimilnitîr]]''' "starkindler".
Line 47: Line 52:
 
She is also referred to by the epithets ''The Kindler'', ''Lady of the Stars'', ''Queen of the Stars'', ''Snow-white''. They are translations of her Elvish names.
 
She is also referred to by the epithets ''The Kindler'', ''Lady of the Stars'', ''Queen of the Stars'', ''Snow-white''. They are translations of her Elvish names.
  
== See Also ==
+
===Other versions of the legendarium===
* [[:Category:Images of Varda|Images of Varda]]
+
In Tolkien's early [[Qenya]], ''Vard-'' was a root referring to royalty. Related words were ''vardar'' "king" and ''vardo'' "prince"; they do not appear in the later inception of Quenya.
  
{{valar}}
+
==See also==
[[Category:Valar]]
+
*[[:Category:Images of Varda|Images of Varda]]
 +
 
 +
{{References}}
 +
 
 +
{{Ainur}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 +
[[Category:Valar]]
 +
 +
[[de:Varda]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/ainur/valar/aratar/varda]]
 +
[[fi:Varda]]

Revision as of 11:33, 14 February 2013

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
The name Elbereth refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Elbereth (disambiguation).
250px
Varda
Vala
Biographical Information
Other namesSee Names and epithets
Family
SpouseManwë
Physical Description
GenderFemale
"O stars that in the Sunless Year
With shining hand by her were sown,
In Windy fields now bright and clear
We see your silver blossom blown!
"
Hymn to Elbereth

Varda Elentári (Q, pron. N [ˈvarda ˌelenˈtaːri], V [ˈβarda ˌelenˈtaːri]), known in Sindarin as Elbereth Gilthoniel (pron. [ˈelbereθ ɡilˈθonjel]), was a Valië, the wife of Manwë and Queen of the Valar.

Contents

History

Varda with Manwë in Valinor, by Ted Nasmith.

When Melkor first began to create his discord, Varda saw his mind, and despised him. Melkor feared and hated Varda the most out of the Valar.

Varda was said to be too beautiful for words. Within her face radiated the light of Ilúvatar. She resided with Manwë in Valinor. Varda created the stars with the dews from the vats of Telperion, the first of the Two Trees. Varda is said to be the Vala most loved and revered by the Elves in Middle-earth, she is also believed to be the most beautiful.

Inspiration

The Valar, being divine beings below the ultimate Creator, Ilúvatar, are thought of as being the Middle-earth equivalent of saints and angels; it has therefore been suggested[who?] that Varda, in her role as the most loved and prayed-to Vala, may be an equivalent of the Virgin Mary in Tolkien's own Catholic faith.

Etymology

Varda means "sublime" or "lofty" in Quenya, from PQ baradâ, merged with barathî

In Telerin she was called Baradis, and in Sindarin Elbereth.

All these come from the Root BARÁD/BARATH.[1]

In Adûnaic, her name was adapted rather than translated; it became Avradî.

Some older forms were Baráda, Bridhil, Timbridhil and Tinwetári.

Elbereth derives from elen-bereth meaning "star-queen". It represents evolution of Primitive Quendian *elen-barathî (the final -i umlauted the word to berethi) > elemberethi > elbereth.[2]

Names and epithets

She was also known as Elentári "Star-queen", Tintallë "Star-kindler".

In Sindarin she is also known as Gilthoniel (Starkindler), Fanuilos (Ever-white).

In Adûnaic she was also called Gimilnitîr "starkindler".

She is also referred to by the epithets The Kindler, Lady of the Stars, Queen of the Stars, Snow-white. They are translations of her Elvish names.

Other versions of the legendarium

In Tolkien's early Qenya, Vard- was a root referring to royalty. Related words were vardar "king" and vardo "prince"; they do not appear in the later inception of Quenya.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 351
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien and Donald Swann, The Road Goes Ever On, "A Elbereth Gilthoniel"


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music