Arvernien was named after it.
Verna does not appear in narration or any maps of Beleriand; in the real world Tolkien probably derived it in order to explain "Arvernien".
Verna could be related to Quenya feren which means "birch, beech tree". It could be related or refer to the forest of Nimbrethil. Another possibility is that it refers to a river, and Verna comes from the root WER, "winding" (thus, "Winding River").
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in The Lord of the Rings" (edited by Christopher Gilson), published in Parma Eldalamberon 17 (July 2007), p. 19
- ↑ This connection was suggested by the Encyclopedia of Arda, although it referred to Arvernien, without acknowledging the existence of Verna as an independent word.
- ↑ David Salo, Message 34598, Elfling