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Wainrider/Balchoth War

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{{unnamed}}
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{{War
 
{{War
 
| previous=[[War of the Last Alliance]]
 
| previous=[[War of the Last Alliance]]
 
| next=[[War of the Ring]]
 
| next=[[War of the Ring]]
 
| name=Wainrider/Balchoth War
 
| name=Wainrider/Balchoth War
| image=[[Image:Jonatan Alvarsson - Middle-earth.jpg|350px]]
+
| image=
| begin=[[Third Age 1851|T.A. 1851]]
+
| begin={{TA|1851}}
| end=[[Third Age 2510|T.A. 2510]]
+
| end={{TA|2510}}
 
| place=Calenardhon, Rhovanion, Dagorlad, Ithilien, both banks of River Anduin
 
| place=Calenardhon, Rhovanion, Dagorlad, Ithilien, both banks of River Anduin
 
| result=Decisive victory for Gondor and the Éothéod
 
| result=Decisive victory for Gondor and the Éothéod
 
| battles=[[Battle of the Plains]], [[Second Battle of Dagorlad]], [[Battle of the Camp]], [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant]]
 
| battles=[[Battle of the Plains]], [[Second Battle of Dagorlad]], [[Battle of the Camp]], [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant]]
 
| side1=[[Gondor]], [[Rohan|the Éothéod]]
 
| side1=[[Gondor]], [[Rohan|the Éothéod]]
| side2=Easterling forces: Wainriders and Balchoth, Northern Orcs
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| side2=Easterling forces: [[Wainriders]] and [[Balchoth]], Northern Orcs
| commanders1=[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Rómendacil I|Tarostar Rómendacil I]]†<br>
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| commanders1=
[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Turambar]]<br>
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[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Rómendacil I|Tarostar Rómendacil I]] †{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Narmacil II]]†<br>
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[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Turambar (King of Gondor)|Turambar]]{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Calimehtar]]<br>
+
[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Narmacil II]] †{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Ondoher]]†<br>
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[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]]{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px]] [[Earnil II]]†<br>
+
[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Ondoher]] †{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-Gondor.png|45px]] [[Cirion]]<br> 
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[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Earnil II]] †{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-Rohan.png|45px]] [[Eorl]]<br>
+
[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Cirion]]{{clear}}
[[Image:ME-Gondor.png|45px]] [[Ecthelion II]]†<br>
+
[[File:John Howe - Icon Rohan transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Eorl]]{{clear}}
| commanders2=[[Image:Sauron_cold_eye_icon.jpg|45px]] [[Sauron]]<br>
+
[[File:John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png|45px|left]] [[Ecthelion II]] †
[[Image:ME-Easterlings.png|45px]] Unknown Easterling commanders<br>
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| commanders2=
[[Image:ME-Orcs.png|45px]] Unknown Orc commanders
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{{Sauron blazon}}
 +
[[Image:ME-Easterlings.png|45px|left]] Unknown Easterling commanders{{clear}}
 +
[[Image:ME-Orcs.png|45px|left]] Unknown Orc commanders
 
|}}
 
|}}
 
 
The '''Wainrider/Balchoth War''' was a long series of battles spread over the first, second and third millennia of the Third Age.  The first of these attacks occurred several centuries after the founding of Gondor.  During this period, Gondor was under assault from the east by a number of eastern tribes variously referred as [[Wainriders]], [[Easterlings]], and [[Balchoth]].  After some serious setbacks for Gondor, they were at last decisively defeated.
 
The '''Wainrider/Balchoth War''' was a long series of battles spread over the first, second and third millennia of the Third Age.  The first of these attacks occurred several centuries after the founding of Gondor.  During this period, Gondor was under assault from the east by a number of eastern tribes variously referred as [[Wainriders]], [[Easterlings]], and [[Balchoth]].  After some serious setbacks for Gondor, they were at last decisively defeated.
  
 
== Historical Background ==
 
== Historical Background ==
  
Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenorean exile kingdom of Gondor.  This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt [[Minas Tirith|Minas Anor]], in c. 490 T.A.  His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541.  {{ref|1}}
+
Early in the Third Age, c. {{TA|490}}, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] exile kingdom of Gondor.  This first occurred during the reign of King [[Ostoher]], who also rebuilt [[Minas Tirith|Minas Anor]], in c. 490.  His successor, [[Rómendacil I]], defeated an Easterling invasion in {{TA}} 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in {{TA|541}}His son, Turambar, once again defeated them, and captured a large area eastwards south of the Sea of Rhûn.  Gondor was not troubled by Easterling attacks for centuries afterward, and by the reign of [[Hyarmendacil I|Ciryaher Hyarmendacil]] (c. 1050), Gondor was at the height of its power, controlling wide areas to the south and east.<ref name="B2">{{App|B2}}</ref>
  
The Éothéod were a small group of Northmen in the Vales of Anduin during the middle Third Age. They first came to [[Gondor|Gondor's]] notice during the reign of King [[Calimehtar]] of Gondor. {{ref|2}}
+
Minalcar, Regent and later King of Gondor, gave the Northmen extensive lands east of Anduin and south of the forest of [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]].
 +
 
 +
The Éothéod were a small group of Northmen in the Vales of Anduin during the middle Third Age. They first came to [[Gondor|Gondor's]] notice during the reign of King [[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]] of Gondor.<ref name="Gondor">{{App|Gondor}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
== Calimehtar and Marhwini ==
 +
 
 +
King Calimehtar of Gondor had made common cause with Marhwini, lord of the Éothéod, against the Easterling raids.  [[Marhwini]] was the son of [[Marhari]], who fell fighting in Gondor's rearguard for Narmacil II at the [[Battle of the Plains]].  Marhwini sent word that the Wainriders were planning raids across the Undeeps into Calenardhon.  He added that some of his people, Northmen enslaved near the forest of [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]].  Calimehtar led his army north through Ithilien, drawing the Easterlings towards him.  As they approached the old Dagorlad battlefield, the main Gondorian force made their stand in what became known as the [[Second Battle of Dagorlad]].  Then, a Gondorian cavalry detachment, crossing the Anduin, joined with an [[éored]] led by Marhwini and attacked the Easterlings' flank and rear.
 +
 
 +
The Easterling army, under attack from three sides, broke and fled before the allies.  Marhwini's mounted forces pursued them across the plains, taunting them about the smoke now rising from their homes to the north.  The planned revolt did indeed break out, and caused heavy damage to the Wainriders' camps and storehouses.  However, the rebels took heavy casualties from the youths, old men, and young women who were still relatively well armed.  In the end, however, the allies were unable to control the eastern regions south of the Forest, and pulled back to the Dagorlad region.
  
 
== Fall of Ondoher ==
 
== Fall of Ondoher ==
[[Image:Olanda Fong-Surdenas - Easterling.jpg|left|thumb|Easterling by Olanda Fong-Surdenas]]
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[[Image:Olanda Fong-Surdenas - Easterling.jpg|left|thumb|''Easterling'' by Olanda Fong-Surdenas]]
  
 
== Cirion and Eorl ==
 
== Cirion and Eorl ==
Line 43: Line 50:
  
 
== Aftermath ==
 
== Aftermath ==
 +
[[Category:Wars]]
  
 +
{{references}}
  
== References ==
+
{{seq-start}}
 
+
{{seq
#{{note|1}} ''[[The Return of the King]]'', [[Appendix B]].
+
| prev=[[Kin-Strife]]
#{{note|2}} ''[[The Return of the King]]'', [[Appendix A]].
+
| list=Major events of [[Middle-earth]]
#{{note|3}} ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan]].
+
| dates={{TA|1851}} - {{TA|2510}}
#{{note|4}} ''[[The Return of the King]]'', [[Appendix B]].
+
| next=[[War of the Dwarves and Dragons]]
 
+
}}
 +
{{seq-end}}
  
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the Third Age]]
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the Third Age]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/evenements/3a/guerres/guerre_du_gondor_contre_les_gens-des-chariots]]

Revision as of 17:41, 11 October 2012

"Tell me, who are you, alone, yourself and nameless?" - Tom Bombadil
This article describes a concept which is mentioned in J.R.R. Tolkien's works, but was never given a definite name.
Previous war: War of the Last Alliance
Next war: War of the Ring
Wainrider/Balchoth War
Beginning: T.A. 1851End: T.A. 2510
Place: Calenardhon, Rhovanion, Dagorlad, Ithilien, both banks of River Anduin
Outcome: Decisive victory for Gondor and the Éothéod
Major battles: Battle of the Plains, Second Battle of Dagorlad, Battle of the Camp, Battle of the Field of Celebrant
Combatants
Gondor, the ÉothéodEasterling forces: Wainriders and Balchoth, Northern Orcs
Commanders
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Tarostar Rómendacil I
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Turambar
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Narmacil II
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Calimehtar
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Ondoher
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Earnil II
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Cirion
John Howe - Icon Rohan transparent.png
Eorl
John Howe - Icon Gondor transparent.png
Ecthelion II
Unknown Easterling commanders
Unknown Orc commanders

The Wainrider/Balchoth War was a long series of battles spread over the first, second and third millennia of the Third Age. The first of these attacks occurred several centuries after the founding of Gondor. During this period, Gondor was under assault from the east by a number of eastern tribes variously referred as Wainriders, Easterlings, and Balchoth. After some serious setbacks for Gondor, they were at last decisively defeated.

Contents

Historical Background

Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenórean exile kingdom of Gondor. This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt Minas Anor, in c. 490. His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541. His son, Turambar, once again defeated them, and captured a large area eastwards south of the Sea of Rhûn. Gondor was not troubled by Easterling attacks for centuries afterward, and by the reign of Ciryaher Hyarmendacil (c. 1050), Gondor was at the height of its power, controlling wide areas to the south and east.[1]

Minalcar, Regent and later King of Gondor, gave the Northmen extensive lands east of Anduin and south of the forest of Greenwood the Great.

The Éothéod were a small group of Northmen in the Vales of Anduin during the middle Third Age. They first came to Gondor's notice during the reign of King Calimehtar of Gondor.[2]

Calimehtar and Marhwini

King Calimehtar of Gondor had made common cause with Marhwini, lord of the Éothéod, against the Easterling raids. Marhwini was the son of Marhari, who fell fighting in Gondor's rearguard for Narmacil II at the Battle of the Plains. Marhwini sent word that the Wainriders were planning raids across the Undeeps into Calenardhon. He added that some of his people, Northmen enslaved near the forest of Rhovanion. Calimehtar led his army north through Ithilien, drawing the Easterlings towards him. As they approached the old Dagorlad battlefield, the main Gondorian force made their stand in what became known as the Second Battle of Dagorlad. Then, a Gondorian cavalry detachment, crossing the Anduin, joined with an éored led by Marhwini and attacked the Easterlings' flank and rear.

The Easterling army, under attack from three sides, broke and fled before the allies. Marhwini's mounted forces pursued them across the plains, taunting them about the smoke now rising from their homes to the north. The planned revolt did indeed break out, and caused heavy damage to the Wainriders' camps and storehouses. However, the rebels took heavy casualties from the youths, old men, and young women who were still relatively well armed. In the end, however, the allies were unable to control the eastern regions south of the Forest, and pulled back to the Dagorlad region.

Fall of Ondoher

Easterling by Olanda Fong-Surdenas

Cirion and Eorl

Aftermath

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
Preceded by:
Kin-Strife
Major events of Middle-earth
T.A. 1851 - T.A. 2510
Followed by:
War of the Dwarves and Dragons