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Wainrider/Balchoth War

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== Historical Background ==
 
== Historical Background ==
 
The fortress haven of [[Umbar]] was founded by Númenorean colonists during the Second Age, during the peak of Númenorean power.  When [[Ar-Pharazôn|Ar-Pharazôn the Golden]] landed in Middle Earth to challenge the power of Sauron, he landed at this heavily fortified port city.  After the [[Downfall of Númenor]], these colonists continued to be influenced by Sauron, and showed great antipathy to the exile Kingdoms founded by the [[Faithful of Númenor]], [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]].  They became known forever afterwards as the Black Númenoreans, battling Gondor by land and sea.
 
  
 
Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenorean exile kingdom of Gondor.  This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt [[Minas Tirith|Minas Anor]], in c. 490 T.A.  His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541.  {{ref|1}}
 
Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenorean exile kingdom of Gondor.  This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt [[Minas Tirith|Minas Anor]], in c. 490 T.A.  His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541.  {{ref|1}}

Revision as of 02:16, 16 July 2008

"Tell me, who are you, alone, yourself and nameless?" - Tom Bombadil
This article describes a concept which is mentioned in J.R.R. Tolkien's works, but was never given a definite name.
"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Previous war: War of the Last Alliance
Next war: War of the Ring
Wainrider/Balchoth War
Jonatan Alvarsson - Middle-earth.jpg
Beginning: T.A. 1851End: T.A. 2510
Place: Calenardhon, Rhovanion, Dagorlad, Ithilien, both banks of River Anduin
Outcome: Decisive victory for Gondor and the Éothéod
Major battles: Battle of the Plains, Second Battle of Dagorlad, Battle of the Camp, Battle of the Field of Celebrant
Combatants
Gondor, the ÉothéodEasterling forces: Wainriders and Balchoth, Northern Orcs
Commanders
ME-GondorKing.png Tarostar Rómendacil I

ME-GondorKing.png Turambar
ME-GondorKing.png Narmacil II
ME-GondorKing.png Calimehtar
ME-GondorKing.png Ondoher
ME-GondorKing.png Earnil II
ME-Gondor.png Cirion
ME-Rohan.png Eorl

ME-Gondor.png Ecthelion II
45px Sauron

ME-Easterlings.png Unknown Easterling commanders

ME-Orcs.png Unknown Orc commanders

The Wainrider/Balchoth War was a long series of battles spread over the first, second and third millennia of the Third Age. The first of these attacks occurred several centuries after the founding of Gondor. During this period, Gondor was under assault from the east by a number of eastern tribes variously referred as Wainriders, Easterlings, and Balchoth. After some serious setbacks for Gondor, they were at last decisively defeated.

Contents

Historical Background

Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenorean exile kingdom of Gondor. This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt Minas Anor, in c. 490 T.A. His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541. Template:Ref

The Éothéod were a small group of Northmen in the Vales of Anduin during the middle Third Age. They first came to Gondor's notice during the reign of King Calimehtar of Gondor. Template:Ref

Fall of Ondoher

Easterling by Olanda Fong-Surdenas

Cirion and Eorl

Aftermath

References

  1. Template:Note The Return of the King, Appendix B.
  2. Template:Note The Return of the King, Appendix A.
  3. Template:Note Unfinished Tales, Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan.
  4. Template:Note The Return of the King, Appendix B.