This article describes a concept which is mentioned in J.R.R. Tolkien's works, but was never given a definite name.
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|Previous war: War of the Last Alliance|
|Next war: War of the Ring|
|Beginning: T.A. 1851||End: T.A. 2510|
|Place: Calenardhon, Rhovanion, Dagorlad, Ithilien, both banks of River Anduin|
|Outcome: Decisive victory for Gondor and the Éothéod|
|Major battles: Battle of the Plains, Second Battle of Dagorlad, Battle of the Camp, Battle of the Field of Celebrant|
|Gondor, the Éothéod||Easterling forces: Wainriders and Balchoth, Northern Orcs|
|45px Tarostar Rómendacil I†|
45px Ecthelion II†
45px Unknown Easterling commanders
The Wainrider/Balchoth War was a long series of battles spread over the first, second and third millennia of the Third Age. The first of these attacks occurred several centuries after the founding of Gondor. During this period, Gondor was under assault from the east by a number of eastern tribes variously referred as Wainriders, Easterlings, and Balchoth. After some serious setbacks for Gondor, they were at last decisively defeated.
The fortress haven of Umbar was founded by Númenorean colonists during the Second Age, during the peak of Númenorean power. When Ar-Pharazôn the Golden landed in Middle Earth to challenge the power of Sauron, he landed at this heavily fortified port city. After the Downfall of Númenor, these colonists continued to be influenced by Sauron, and showed great antipathy to the exile Kingdoms founded by the Faithful of Númenor, Arnor and Gondor. They became known forever afterwards as the Black Númenoreans, battling Gondor by land and sea.
Early in the Third Age, c. T.A. 490, Easterling tribes began a series of attacks against the southern Númenorean exile kingdom of Gondor. This first occurred during the reign of King Ostoher, who also rebuilt Minas Anor, in c. 490 T.A. His successor, Rómendacil I, defeated an Easterling invasion in T.A. 500, but was slain in a fresh assault by them in T.A. 541. Template:Ref