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War of the Last Alliance

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| begin= [[Second Age 3429|S.A. 3429]]
 
| begin= [[Second Age 3429|S.A. 3429]]
 
| end= [[Second Age 3441|S.A. 3441]]
 
| end= [[Second Age 3441|S.A. 3441]]
| side1= [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]], with more than 200,000 Men from [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], Elves from [[Lindon]], [[Mirkwood]], [[Rivendell]] and [[Lothlórien]], [[Dwarves]] from [[Khazad-dum]]
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| side1= Greatest host since the [[War of Wrath]], Men from [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], Elves from [[Lindon]], [[Rivendell]], [[Mirkwood]] and [[Lothlórien]], and [[Dwarves]]
| side2= Forces of [[Sauron]], at least 500,000 Mordor [[Orcs]], [[Easterlings]], [[Haradrim]] and other creatures
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| side2= Greater host than the Alliance, myriads of [[Orcs]], [[Easterlings]], probably [[Haradrim]], [[Nazgûl]], and other creatures of Sauron|
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|casual1=Thousands, innumerable|
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|casual2=Nearly all Orcs, Men, and other creatures were killed|
 
| commanders1=
 
| commanders1=
 
{{Gil-galad blazon|died}}
 
{{Gil-galad blazon|died}}
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| commanders2=  
 
| commanders2=  
 
{{Sauron blazon}}
 
{{Sauron blazon}}
[[Image:Harad-War Icon Device.gif|45px]] [[Herumor (Black Númenórean)|Herumor]]
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}}
* [[Fuinur]]
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| strength1= More than 200,000 Men from [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], Elves from [[Lindon]], [[Mirkwood]], [[Rivendell]] and [[Lothlórien]], and [[Dwarves]]
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| strength2= At least 500,000 Mordor Orcs, [[Easterlings]], [[Haradrim]], [[Nazgûl]], and other creatures of Sauron|
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|casual1=Thousands, innumerable|
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|casual2=Nearly all Orcs, Men, and other creatures were killed|
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|}}
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The '''War of the Last Alliance''' was the war late in the [[Second Age]] in which the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]] marched against the fortress of [[Sauron]], [[Barad-dûr]] in [[Mordor]].  Against all hope, they were victorious, but when [[the One Ring]] was not destroyed, [[Sauron]] rose again during the long years of the [[Third Age]].
 
The '''War of the Last Alliance''' was the war late in the [[Second Age]] in which the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]] marched against the fortress of [[Sauron]], [[Barad-dûr]] in [[Mordor]].  Against all hope, they were victorious, but when [[the One Ring]] was not destroyed, [[Sauron]] rose again during the long years of the [[Third Age]].
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 +
===Prelude===
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After the [[Downfall of Númenor]] in 3319 SA the remaining [[Faithful]] led by [[Elendil]] and his sons [[Isildur]] and [[Anarion]] etablished the [[Realms in Exile]] in [[Middle-earth]]. Elendil ruled [[Arnor]] in the north, Isildur and Anarion jointly ruled the southern realm of [[Gondor]]. Sauron had survived the Fall of Númenor and returned to his fortress [[Barad-dûr]] in [[Mordor]].
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 +
Ever since his defeat in the [[Battle of the Gwathló]] Sauron nursed a special hatred against the [[Númenóreans]] and longed to take revenge<ref>{{UT|Galadriel}}</ref>. In 3261 SA, Sauron dared to wage war against Númenor and the last [[King of Númenor]] [[Ar-Pharazôn]] had gathered a massive army to counter this threat. Perceiving the might and splendour of the Númenóreans Sauron's servants deserted him, and Sauron was filled with fear and humbled himself. He was brought as hostage to Númenor and finally succeeded in taking revenge by playing a vital role in the events that led to the Downfall. Yet of all Númenóreans he hated Elendil most, and his wrath was great that he and his sons had escaped<ref name="Rings">{{S|Rings}}</ref>.
  
 
===Opening Stages===
 
===Opening Stages===
  
[[Sauron]], hoping to attack the newly founded Númenórean exile states before they were solidly established, sent an expeditionary force under the [[Nazgûl]] to [[Fall of Minas Ithil|attack]] the city of [[Minas Ithil]], seat of [[Isildur]], conjoint ruler of the southern kingdom of Gondor.  This attack, which occurred in S.A. 3429, surprised the southern [[Dúnedain]], burned the [[White Tree of Gondor|White Tree]] and forced them out of the city. [[Isildur]] escaped the city's fall, and journeyed to [[Arnor]] to seek Elendil's assistance. His brother, [[Anárion]], managed to hold a defensive line at [[Osgiliath]] and check Sauron's advance.
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Perceiving that his enemies of old had escaped the downfall, Sauron's wrath was great and in 3429 SA he launched an attack upon Isildur's fortress Minas Ithil Completely taken by surpise, suggensting that Sauron had been destroyed in the turmoil of Númenor's downfall, the fortress was taken, the [[White Tree of Gondor]] that Isildur had planted was burned. Nevertheless Isildur, his wife and children escaped, saving a seedling of the tree, too, and sailing down [[Anduin]] journeyed to Elendil's realm in Arnor. There Elendil and [[Gil-galad]], [[High King of the Noldor]] forged the [[Last Alliance|Last Alliance of Elves and Men]] in 3430 SA, to defeat Sauron ultimately. Meanwhile Anárion held out in Gondor, defending [[Osgiliath]] and [[Minas Anor]]<ref name="Rings"/>.
  
Isildur sailed to his father's capital of [[Annúminas]] in [[Arnor]], and described the military situation to [[Elendil|him]] in detail. After communicating with his ally [[Gil-galad]], [[High King of the Noldor]], the two High Kings decided to form a mighty combined force, known forever afterwards as the ''[[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]]''.  Gil-galad marched eastward, leading a host of Elves along with [[Círdan]], Lord of the [[Falas]].<sup>1</sup>
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  [[Image:Lastalliance-men.jpg|250px|left|thumb|Dúnedain attack in Peter Jackson's ''Fellowship of the Ring'']]
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In 3431 the Elves of Lindon led by Gil-galad and [[Círdan]] marched eastward and where awaited by Elendil at [[Amon Sûl]]. The combined host marched towards [[Imladris]], where they joined with [[Elrond|Lord Elrond]], who was Gil-galad's herald, and acted as his second-in-command in the coming campaign.  
[[Image:Lastalliance-men.jpg|250px|left|thumb|Dúnedain attack in Peter Jackson's ''Fellowship of the Ring'']]It was during this time that the great watchtower at [[Weathertop|Amon Sûl]] was built and manned. In 3431, this combined host rested at the Elven outpost of Rivendell, where they took counsel with [[Elrond|Lord Elrond]], who was Gil-galad's herald, and acted as his second-in-command in the coming campaign. After crossing the Misty Mountains, they were joined by Dwarves from [[Khazad-dûm]], Elves from [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] led by [[Oropher]] and his son [[Thranduil]], and Lothlórien Elves under [[Amdír]]. As this host proceeded down the [[Anduin]], they marched through desolate areas that had once been the [[Entwives|Entwives']] gardens.  They, and probably the Entwives themselves, had been destroyed by [[Sauron]] to deprive Last Alliance forces of supplies.<sup>2</sup>
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The host rested for about three years in Imladris, forging weapons and making plans. They crossed the [[Misty Mountains]] over many passes and marched down [[Anduin]] where they were joined by Dwarves from [[Khazad-dûm]], Elves from [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] led by [[Oropher]] and his son [[Thranduil]], and Lothlórien Elves under [[Amdír]]<ref name="Rings"/>. At the southern eaves of [[Eryn Galen]] the host turned south-east and marched through desolate areas that had once been the [[Entwives|Entwives']] gardens.  They, and probably the Entwives themselves, had been destroyed by [[Sauron]] to deprive the Alliance' forces of supplies<ref>{{TT|Treebeard}}</ref>.
  
 
== The [[Battle of Dagorlad]] ==
 
== The [[Battle of Dagorlad]] ==
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[[Image:Elrond8.jpg|thumb|250px|[[Elrond]] leads the Elven forces]]
 
[[Image:Elrond8.jpg|thumb|250px|[[Elrond]] leads the Elven forces]]
  
On the great plain near the [[Black Gate]], the forces of the Last Alliance at last confronted the black legions of Mordor.  Some border units from Gondor joined the army as it gathered on the battlefield, but one group of Men proved faithless.  These were the Men of White Mountains, who dishonored their oath to Isildur to battle Sauron at his side.  In response, Isildur cursed them to wander the Paths of the Dead until their oath was fulfilled-- which it was only 3,000 years later under King Elessar of Reunited Kingdom.
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On the great plain near the [[Black Gate]], the forces of the Last Alliance at last confronted the black legions of Mordor, joined by Anárion's forces from the south.
 
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During preliminary skirmishing, [[Oropher]] and his Elves charged forward into the numerous Orc forces and suffered heavy casualties, including Oropher himself.  Amdír and his forces also were forced away from the main battle into the marshes just to the south, where he also fell along with half of his troops.  This area became known afterwards as the [[Dead Marshes]], because of the thousands of bodies buried there.  Sauron had many Men fighting for him, including legions of [[Haradrim]] led by [[Herumor (Black Númenórean)|Herumor]] and [[Fuinur]], [[Black Númenóreans]] who worshiped Sauron before the Downfall of Númenor.<sup>2</sup>
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The great battle proceeded like this:
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# The Elven host and Númenóreans led by Gil-galad and Elendil meet up with Anárion's Dúnedain of Gondor on the Dagorlad Plain.
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During preliminary skirmishing, [[Oropher]] and his Elves, being scantily equipped, rashly charged forward into the numerous Orc forces before Gil-galad had given the command, and suffered heavy casualties, including Oropher himself. Amdír and his forces also were cut off from the main battle and driven into the marshes just to the south, where he also fell along with half of his troops<ref>{{UT|6b}}</ref>. This area became known afterwards as the [[Dead Marshes]], because of the thousands of bodies buried there.
# They advance across the Plain toward the Black Gate.
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# A vast horde of Orcs, hundreds of thousands strong, emerges from the Gate and seethes toward the combined host of the Last Alliance.  Battle commences.
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# After many weeks of hard fighting, the superior might and discipline of the Alliance drive the Orcs through the gate.
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# Many more of the retreating Orcs are slain, and they are driven up against Mount Doom itself.
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# Continuous volleys of arrows from the protected rear ranks of the Alliance take their toll upon the Orcs. Victory is at hand.<sup>3</sup>
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This battle raged for days and nights continuously. But the Númenóreans were tall and strong, and the High Elves still a mighty people. Slowly they whittled down the vast numbers of Orcs and pushed them back towards the [[Black Gate]].
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This battle raged for days and nights continuously. But the Elves were still mighty in this times and the Númenóreans were tall and strong and terrible and wrath. And none could withstand [[Aeglos]] and [[Narsil]], Gil-galad's spear and Elendil's sword which filled the orcs and wicked men with fear. Slowly Elves and Númenóreans whittled down the vast numbers of Orcs and pushed them back towards the [[Black Gate]]<ref name="Rings"/>.
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No account is given how the Alliance managed to break through this mighty fortification though.
  
 
== The [[Siege of Barad-dûr]] ==
 
== The [[Siege of Barad-dûr]] ==
  
The forces of the Last Alliance had forced their way through the Black Gate into Mordor itself.  Victory seemed close, but no power short of the Valar could breach the [[Dark Tower]] by force. The siege went on year after year, from [[Second Age 3434|S.A 3434]] to [[Second Age 3441|S.A. 3441]]. Isildur's sons, [[Aratan]] and [[Ciryon]], were detached and sent to Cirith Ungol to guard against a breakout to the southwest, but his oldest son, Elendur served by his side till the end. Over these years there many skirmishes between Sauron and the besieging forces.  [[Anárion]] was killed in [[Second Age 3440|S.A. 3440]] by a projectile thrown from the tower.
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The forces of the Last Alliance had forced their way through the Black Gate into Mordor itself.  Victory seemed close, but no power short of the [[Valar]] could breach the [[Dark Tower]] by force. Though a great part of Sauron's forces was destroyed at the Dagorlad his host was still numerous and Sauron ordered many a sortie. The siege went on year after year, from [[Second Age 3434|S.A 3434]] to [[Second Age 3441|S.A. 3441]]<ref name="Rings"/>. Isildur's sons, [[Aratan]] and [[Ciryon]], were detached and sent to Minas Ithil to guard against a breakout to the southwest, but his oldest son, Elendur served by his side till the end<ref name="Gladden">{{UT|Gladden}}</ref>. [[Anárion]] was killed in [[Second Age 3440|S.A. 3440]] by a projectile thrown from the tower<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}</ref>.
 
[[image:Isildur_ring.jpg|thumb|250px|Isildur seizes [[the One Ring]]]]
 
[[image:Isildur_ring.jpg|thumb|250px|Isildur seizes [[the One Ring]]]]
  
Now the final stage of the struggle began, as the Dark Lord came out onto the field.  [[Sauron]] emerged from his tower and took the offensive. He advanced to the core of the Alliance to do battle with the Last Alliance commanders, on the plain of Gorgoroth.  This was one of the great showdowns of all Middle Earth history-- Sauron with his mighty mace versus [[Elendil]] with his great sword [[Narsil]] and Gil-galad wielding the legendary spear [[Aeglos (spear)|Aeglos]]. Swinging his mace, he cut through the kings' bodyguard.  Gil-galad and Elendil then attacked the Dark Lord, but in the fight all three were struck down and Elendil and Gil-galad were slain. Elendil's heir Isildur rushed to his side to take up the royal sword, but as [[Elendil]] fell down on it, he shattered the great blade into three pieces. As Sauron reached to seize [[Isildur]] as well, the heir swung the sword hilt-shard and cut the One Ring from Sauron's hand.  Without his connection to the Ring, Sauron's spirit fled and vanished. The armies of Mordor were left dispirited and leaderless, and were soon routed and destroyed by the Alliance forces.<sup>4</sup>
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In the seventh year of the siege, it became so pressing that [[Sauron]] himself came forth. In onslaught was terrible and the siege was almost broken as Sauron and his host advanced too the slopes of [[Mount Doom]]. There he was encountered by the captains of the Alliance, Gil-galad and Elendil and to their side stood Elrond and Círdan and Isildur. Sauron fought with Gil-galad and Elendil and both were slain and as Elendil fell his sword was shattered beneath him. Yet Sauron was thrown down, too, and Isildur seized the hilt of his father's sword and cut off the finger on which Sauron wore the One Ring. Being bereft of its power, Sauron was no longer able to hold a physical form and perished<ref name="Rings"/>.
  
 
==Aftermath==
 
==Aftermath==
  
The Alliance pursued the Orcs, who were then in disarray, and killed them all.  The Barad-dûr was leveled but its foundations remained behind. The thousands of dead Men and Elves were taken out of Mordor and buried in the Dagorlad Plain.
+
The Alliance pursued the Orcs, who were then in disarray, and killed them all.  The Barad-dûr was leveled but its foundations remained behind, since they were built with the power of [[the One Ring]] which was not destroyed. The thousands of dead Men and Elves were taken out of Mordor and buried in the Dagorlad Plain.
 
[[Image:Elrond25.jpg|thumb|250px|Elrond leads the way to the [[Crack of Doom]]]]
 
[[Image:Elrond25.jpg|thumb|250px|Elrond leads the way to the [[Crack of Doom]]]]
While he had captured [[the One Ring]], Isildur refused Elrond and Círdan's entreaties that he destroy it by casting it into the [[Crack of Doom]]. The result of this was that while [[Sauron]] was defeated and cast down, his spirit was not destroyed. He hid himself in the dark lands east of Mordor, and slowly rebuilt his power. The Nine ([[Nazgûl]]) also bided their time for the day when he would rise again.  The survivors of the Men who served him returned home and continued to trouble Gondor for much of the Third Age.  These Men eventually grew to become such invaders as the [[Balchoth]] and the [[Wainriders]].
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While he had captured [[the One Ring]], Isildur refused Elrond and Círdan's entreaties that he destroy it by casting it into the [[Crack of Doom]], claiming it as a weregild for his father's and brother's death<ref name="Rings"/>. The result of this was that while [[Sauron]] was defeated and cast down, his spirit was not destroyed. He hid himself in the dark lands east of Mordor, and slowly rebuilt his power. The Nine ([[Nazgûl]]) also bided their time for the day when he would rise again.
  
While the Orc armies of Sauron had been well nigh destroyed in the War, scattered groups of them survived. In the Last Alliance, the casualties had been heavy. [[Elendil]] and [[Anárion]] were gone, and [[Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]], was no more. [[Arnor]] took grievous losses, and suffered from a decline in population. It never really recovered as a major power, and broke into three pieces some centuries later. [[Gondor]] suffered less heavily, but also experienced civil strife in the Third Age. [[Isildur]], the new [[Kings of Arnor|High King of Arnor]], perished only two years later in the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]], along with his three older sons. They were ambushed by an Orc task force operating near the River Anduin.  Much was lost, but [[Sauron]] was suppressed-- for a while.
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While the Orc armies of Sauron had been well nigh destroyed in the War, scattered groups of them survived. In the Last Alliance, the casualties had been heavy. [[Elendil]] and [[Anárion]] were gone, and [[Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]], was no more. [Arnor]] took grievous losses, and suffered from a decline in population. It never really recovered as a major power, and broke into three pieces some centuries later. [[Gondor]] suffered less heavily and became a powerful nation. [[Isildur]], the new [[Kings of Arnor|High King of Arnor]], perished only two years later in the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]], along with his three older sons. They were ambushed by an Orc task force operating near the River Anduin. In the course of Isildur's death, the Ring was lost in the depths of [[Anduin]]<ref name="Gladden"/>.  Much was lost, but [[Sauron]] was suppressed-- for a while.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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== References ==
 
== References ==
  
# ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age]]"
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<references/>
# ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age]]"
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# ''[[The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare]]''
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# ''[[The Return of the King]]''
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# ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age]]"
+
  
 
[[Category:Second Age]]
 
[[Category:Second Age]]

Revision as of 14:40, 19 September 2011

Previous war: War of the Elves and Sauron
Next war: War of the Ring
War of the Last Alliance
275px
Beginning: S.A. 3429End: S.A. 3441
Place: Mordor and lower Anduin region
Outcome: Victory for the Last Alliance, fall of Sauron, loss of the One Ring
Major battles: Fall of Minas Ithil, Anárion's defense of Osgiliath, Battle of Dagorlad, Siege of Barad-dûr
Combatants
Greatest host since the War of Wrath, Men from Arnor and Gondor, Elves from Lindon, Rivendell, Mirkwood and Lothlórien, and DwarvesGreater host than the Alliance, myriads of Orcs, Easterlings, probably Haradrim, Nazgûl, and other creatures of Sauron
Commanders

Tree icon2.jpg Elendil

The War of the Last Alliance was the war late in the Second Age in which the Last Alliance of Elves and Men marched against the fortress of Sauron, Barad-dûr in Mordor. Against all hope, they were victorious, but when the One Ring was not destroyed, Sauron rose again during the long years of the Third Age.

Contents

Prelude

After the Downfall of Númenor in 3319 SA the remaining Faithful led by Elendil and his sons Isildur and Anarion etablished the Realms in Exile in Middle-earth. Elendil ruled Arnor in the north, Isildur and Anarion jointly ruled the southern realm of Gondor. Sauron had survived the Fall of Númenor and returned to his fortress Barad-dûr in Mordor.

Ever since his defeat in the Battle of the Gwathló Sauron nursed a special hatred against the Númenóreans and longed to take revenge[1]. In 3261 SA, Sauron dared to wage war against Númenor and the last King of Númenor Ar-Pharazôn had gathered a massive army to counter this threat. Perceiving the might and splendour of the Númenóreans Sauron's servants deserted him, and Sauron was filled with fear and humbled himself. He was brought as hostage to Númenor and finally succeeded in taking revenge by playing a vital role in the events that led to the Downfall. Yet of all Númenóreans he hated Elendil most, and his wrath was great that he and his sons had escaped[2].

Opening Stages

Perceiving that his enemies of old had escaped the downfall, Sauron's wrath was great and in 3429 SA he launched an attack upon Isildur's fortress Minas Ithil Completely taken by surpise, suggensting that Sauron had been destroyed in the turmoil of Númenor's downfall, the fortress was taken, the White Tree of Gondor that Isildur had planted was burned. Nevertheless Isildur, his wife and children escaped, saving a seedling of the tree, too, and sailing down Anduin journeyed to Elendil's realm in Arnor. There Elendil and Gil-galad, High King of the Noldor forged the Last Alliance of Elves and Men in 3430 SA, to defeat Sauron ultimately. Meanwhile Anárion held out in Gondor, defending Osgiliath and Minas Anor[2].

File:Lastalliance-men.jpg
Dúnedain attack in Peter Jackson's Fellowship of the Ring

In 3431 the Elves of Lindon led by Gil-galad and Círdan marched eastward and where awaited by Elendil at Amon Sûl. The combined host marched towards Imladris, where they joined with Lord Elrond, who was Gil-galad's herald, and acted as his second-in-command in the coming campaign. The host rested for about three years in Imladris, forging weapons and making plans. They crossed the Misty Mountains over many passes and marched down Anduin where they were joined by Dwarves from Khazad-dûm, Elves from Greenwood the Great led by Oropher and his son Thranduil, and Lothlórien Elves under Amdír[2]. At the southern eaves of Eryn Galen the host turned south-east and marched through desolate areas that had once been the Entwives' gardens. They, and probably the Entwives themselves, had been destroyed by Sauron to deprive the Alliance' forces of supplies[3].

The Battle of Dagorlad

File:Elrond8.jpg
Elrond leads the Elven forces

On the great plain near the Black Gate, the forces of the Last Alliance at last confronted the black legions of Mordor, joined by Anárion's forces from the south.

During preliminary skirmishing, Oropher and his Elves, being scantily equipped, rashly charged forward into the numerous Orc forces before Gil-galad had given the command, and suffered heavy casualties, including Oropher himself. Amdír and his forces also were cut off from the main battle and driven into the marshes just to the south, where he also fell along with half of his troops[4]. This area became known afterwards as the Dead Marshes, because of the thousands of bodies buried there.

This battle raged for days and nights continuously. But the Elves were still mighty in this times and the Númenóreans were tall and strong and terrible and wrath. And none could withstand Aeglos and Narsil, Gil-galad's spear and Elendil's sword which filled the orcs and wicked men with fear. Slowly Elves and Númenóreans whittled down the vast numbers of Orcs and pushed them back towards the Black Gate[2]. No account is given how the Alliance managed to break through this mighty fortification though.

The Siege of Barad-dûr

The forces of the Last Alliance had forced their way through the Black Gate into Mordor itself. Victory seemed close, but no power short of the Valar could breach the Dark Tower by force. Though a great part of Sauron's forces was destroyed at the Dagorlad his host was still numerous and Sauron ordered many a sortie. The siege went on year after year, from S.A 3434 to S.A. 3441[2]. Isildur's sons, Aratan and Ciryon, were detached and sent to Minas Ithil to guard against a breakout to the southwest, but his oldest son, Elendur served by his side till the end[5]. Anárion was killed in S.A. 3440 by a projectile thrown from the tower[6].

In the seventh year of the siege, it became so pressing that Sauron himself came forth. In onslaught was terrible and the siege was almost broken as Sauron and his host advanced too the slopes of Mount Doom. There he was encountered by the captains of the Alliance, Gil-galad and Elendil and to their side stood Elrond and Círdan and Isildur. Sauron fought with Gil-galad and Elendil and both were slain and as Elendil fell his sword was shattered beneath him. Yet Sauron was thrown down, too, and Isildur seized the hilt of his father's sword and cut off the finger on which Sauron wore the One Ring. Being bereft of its power, Sauron was no longer able to hold a physical form and perished[2].

Aftermath

The Alliance pursued the Orcs, who were then in disarray, and killed them all. The Barad-dûr was leveled but its foundations remained behind, since they were built with the power of the One Ring which was not destroyed. The thousands of dead Men and Elves were taken out of Mordor and buried in the Dagorlad Plain.

File:Elrond25.jpg
Elrond leads the way to the Crack of Doom

While he had captured the One Ring, Isildur refused Elrond and Círdan's entreaties that he destroy it by casting it into the Crack of Doom, claiming it as a weregild for his father's and brother's death[2]. The result of this was that while Sauron was defeated and cast down, his spirit was not destroyed. He hid himself in the dark lands east of Mordor, and slowly rebuilt his power. The Nine (Nazgûl) also bided their time for the day when he would rise again.

While the Orc armies of Sauron had been well nigh destroyed in the War, scattered groups of them survived. In the Last Alliance, the casualties had been heavy. Elendil and Anárion were gone, and Gil-galad, last High King of the Noldor, was no more. [Arnor]] took grievous losses, and suffered from a decline in population. It never really recovered as a major power, and broke into three pieces some centuries later. Gondor suffered less heavily and became a powerful nation. Isildur, the new High King of Arnor, perished only two years later in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields, along with his three older sons. They were ambushed by an Orc task force operating near the River Anduin. In the course of Isildur's death, the Ring was lost in the depths of Anduin[5]. Much was lost, but Sauron was suppressed-- for a while.

See also


References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"