Tolkien Gateway

Weathertop

(Difference between revisions)
 
m (Bot message: tweaked.)
(41 intermediate revisions by 16 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Weathertop''' ([[Sindarin]] '''Amon Sûl''', "Hill of Wind") is a significant [[hill]] in the [[Eriador]] region of [[Middle-earth]], the southernmost and highest summit of the '''Weather Hills'''.
+
{{location
 +
| image=[[File:Jef Murray - Amon Sûl.jpg|250px]]
 +
| name=Weathertop
 +
| othernames=Amon Sûl
 +
| etymology=
 +
| type=Hill
 +
| location=[[Eriador]]
 +
| inhabitants=
 +
| realms=[[Arnor]]<br/>[[Arthedain]]<br/>[[Reunited Kingdom]]
 +
| description=Hill with tower/ruins of tower
 +
| events=
 +
| references=
 +
}}
 +
{{Pronounce|Amon Sul.mp3|Ardamir}}
 +
'''Weathertop''', known in [[Sindarin]] as '''Amon Sûl''', was the southernmost top of the [[Weather Hills]]. Of old, it formed the boundary between [[Arthedain]] and [[Rhudaur]].
  
Weathertop overlooks the [[Great East Road]] east of [[Bree (Middle-earth)|Bree]], about midway between the [[Shire (Middle-earth)|Shire]] and [[Rivendell]]. The hill rises a thousand feet above the level lands round about, and was the site of a [[watchtower]] in the days of [[Arnor]]. The watchtower and fortifications were burned and destroyed in [[Third Age|T.A.]] 1409, but the top is still flat and surrounded by a ring of stones. A path leads from the top northward, connecting to the other fortresses of the Weather Hills. The tower originally held one of the seven [[Palantír]]i.
+
==History==
 +
===Early History===
 +
The Weather Hills were not the only hills in Eriador, and were originally of little importance. The hills lay at the center of [[Arnor]], near the [[Great East Road]] that split [[Eriador]].<ref>{{RK|Maps}}</ref> The southernmost and highest hill was called Amon Sûl by the [[Dúnedain of the North]], and Weathertop in [[Westron]]. It stood a little away from the others, and its conical top was flattened.<ref name="Knife">{{FR|Knife}}</ref>
  
Weathertop is not mentioned in ''[[The Hobbit]]'', but is a scene of action in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''. After fleeing from Bree, [[Aragorn|Strider]] and the [[Hobbits]] avoid the main road and approach Weathertop from the north. At the top they discover a [[cairn]] with a message from [[Gandalf]], and see the [[Ringwraith]]s approaching in the distance along the road. That night, the Ringwraiths attack their camp in a dell below the summit, stabbing [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] with a [[Morgul blade]], but then being driven off by the others.
+
A tower had stood on the hill since the days of [[Elendil]], and he had stored the [[Palantír]] in its chambers. After King [[Eärendur (King of Arnor)|Eärendur]] passed and the kingdom was split in three, all of his sons coveted the hill, or rather the [[Amon Sûl-stone|Stone]] inside. It lay on the exact tri-state point, but eventually passed to [[Arthedain]], the realm of [[Amlaith]], the eldest son of Eärendur.<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
  
== References ==
+
===Destruction===
 +
[[File:Fall of Amon Sul RotWK.png|250px|left|thumb|The Fall of Amon Sûl]]
 +
In the days of [[Argeleb I|Argeleb]], the royal lines of [[Cardolan]] and [[Rhudaur]] had failed. Argeleb therefore claimed both realms as his own, hoping to reunite [[Arnor]], but the claim was resisted by Rhudaur, where the Dúnedain had dwindled and the land was now largely ruled by hillmen. These hillmen were driven by the [[Witch-king]], who had set up his realm [[Angmar]] to Arthedain's north.
  
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', book 1, ch. 11
+
With tensions rising, Argeleb fortified his border. A great bastion arose on Weathertop, and the Great East Road and lower Hoarwell were fortified also. For nigh half a century, the line held, though Argeleb lost his life in battle with the Hillmen. The Witch-king did not trouble the Men, and had sent his troops further East, to [[Rivendell]]. But in {{TA|1409}}, he came forth with such a force from Angmar that no army could stop him. He razed Amon Sûl and brought its  mighty walls down.<ref name="Eriador"/> [[Arveleg I|Arveleg]], son of Argeleb, was slain,<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> but the Lord of the Nazgûl failed to retrieve the ''palantir''. It was secured and brought back to [[Fornost]].<ref name="Eriador"/>
* ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'', which has a detailed map of the hill
+
 
 +
===In ruins===
 +
[[File:Ted Nasmith - Fire on Weathertop.jpg|250px|thumb|right|''Fire on Weathertop'' by [[Ted Nasmith]].]]
 +
For many centuries, the once great fortress stood in ruins on the hill. The locals paid little heed to it. It faded back into obscurity, and it was not until {{TA|3019}} the hill reappeared in the chronicles and annals. In early October, it was the scene of two fights involving the [[Nazgûl]]; one with [[Gandalf]] on [[3 October|October 3]] and one with [[Frodo Baggins|the Ring-bearer]] [[6 October|three days later]].<ref name="Chief">{{App|Chief}}</ref> After fleeing from Bree, [[Aragorn|Strider]] and the [[Travelers|Hobbits]] avoided the main road and approached Weathertop from the north. At the top they discovered a cairn with a message from Gandalf, and spotted the [[Nazgûl|Ringwraiths]] approaching in the distance along the road. That night, the Ringwraiths attacked their camp in a dell below the summit, stabbing [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] with a [[Morgul blade]], but were driven off by the others.<ref name="Knife"/>
 +
 
 +
==Portrayal in Adaptations==
 +
<center><gallery>
 +
File:Weathertop PJ FotR.png|<center>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]''</center>
 +
File:Weathertop viv lotr.JPG|<center>[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]</center>
 +
File:AmonSul RotWK.png|<center>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king]]''</center>
 +
File:WiME-Amon-Sul-1-.png|<center>''[[J.R.R. Tolkien's War in Middle Earth]]''</center>
 +
</center>
 +
</gallery></center>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''1978: [[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (1978 film)]]:'''
 +
:Aragorn and the hobbits do not actually enter the ruins of Weathertop. However, moments before the attack of the Ringwraiths, a tall tower can be seen in the background.
 +
 
 +
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 +
:The fight with the Nazgûl has been moved from the camp near the hill to the ruins of the tower.
 +
 
 +
'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
 +
:Weathertop is the fifth level. Aragorn has to take the four Hobbits to the hilltop, battling wolves and Orcs on the way there. At the top, they notice Gandalf had been there, and dropped a rune stone. As he explains it to Frodo, a troll attacks, and serves as the level's boss.
 +
 
 +
'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers'' (video game)]]:'''
 +
:Weathertop is the second level. Aragorn must drive the Nazgûl away before they kill Frodo.
 +
 
 +
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
 +
:Destroying Amon Sûl is the fourth level in the ''Angmar'' campaign in ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king|The Rise of the Witch-king]]''. The bastion is protected by five mystical Mallorn trees: one generates a solar flare that incinerates enemies, one heals damaged buildings, one creates lush Elvish pastures (that boost the Men's armor and damage), one stuns targeted enemies and one summons a battalion of archers. The mission is completed when either all five mallorns are destroyed, or the tower falls.
 +
 
 +
:Additionally, two maps of Amon Sûl are available in Skirmish mode: one with the tower, which is identical to the mission save for the Mallorn trees, and one with the tower in ruins and all other buildings removed.
 +
 
 +
==See Also==
 +
* [[:Category:Images of Weathertop|Images of Weathertop]]
 +
{{references}}
  
 
[[Category:Hills]]
 
[[Category:Hills]]
 +
[[Category:Eriador]]
 +
[[de:Amon Sûl]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/eriador/amon_sul]]
 +
[[fi:Amon Sûl]]

Revision as of 18:11, 11 December 2012

Jef Murray - Amon Sûl.jpg
Weathertop
Physical Description
TypeHill
LocationEriador
RealmsArnor
Arthedain
Reunited Kingdom
DescriptionHill with tower/ruins of tower
General Information
Other namesAmon Sûl

Weathertop, known in Sindarin as Amon Sûl, was the southernmost top of the Weather Hills. Of old, it formed the boundary between Arthedain and Rhudaur.

Contents

History

Early History

The Weather Hills were not the only hills in Eriador, and were originally of little importance. The hills lay at the center of Arnor, near the Great East Road that split Eriador.[1] The southernmost and highest hill was called Amon Sûl by the Dúnedain of the North, and Weathertop in Westron. It stood a little away from the others, and its conical top was flattened.[2]

A tower had stood on the hill since the days of Elendil, and he had stored the Palantír in its chambers. After King Eärendur passed and the kingdom was split in three, all of his sons coveted the hill, or rather the Stone inside. It lay on the exact tri-state point, but eventually passed to Arthedain, the realm of Amlaith, the eldest son of Eärendur.[3]

Destruction

The Fall of Amon Sûl

In the days of Argeleb, the royal lines of Cardolan and Rhudaur had failed. Argeleb therefore claimed both realms as his own, hoping to reunite Arnor, but the claim was resisted by Rhudaur, where the Dúnedain had dwindled and the land was now largely ruled by hillmen. These hillmen were driven by the Witch-king, who had set up his realm Angmar to Arthedain's north.

With tensions rising, Argeleb fortified his border. A great bastion arose on Weathertop, and the Great East Road and lower Hoarwell were fortified also. For nigh half a century, the line held, though Argeleb lost his life in battle with the Hillmen. The Witch-king did not trouble the Men, and had sent his troops further East, to Rivendell. But in T.A. 1409, he came forth with such a force from Angmar that no army could stop him. He razed Amon Sûl and brought its mighty walls down.[3] Arveleg, son of Argeleb, was slain,[4] but the Lord of the Nazgûl failed to retrieve the palantir. It was secured and brought back to Fornost.[3]

In ruins

Fire on Weathertop by Ted Nasmith.

For many centuries, the once great fortress stood in ruins on the hill. The locals paid little heed to it. It faded back into obscurity, and it was not until T.A. 3019 the hill reappeared in the chronicles and annals. In early October, it was the scene of two fights involving the Nazgûl; one with Gandalf on October 3 and one with the Ring-bearer three days later.[5] After fleeing from Bree, Strider and the Hobbits avoided the main road and approached Weathertop from the north. At the top they discovered a cairn with a message from Gandalf, and spotted the Ringwraiths approaching in the distance along the road. That night, the Ringwraiths attacked their camp in a dell below the summit, stabbing Frodo with a Morgul blade, but were driven off by the others.[2]

Portrayal in Adaptations


1978: The Lord of the Rings (1978 film):

Aragorn and the hobbits do not actually enter the ruins of Weathertop. However, moments before the attack of the Ringwraiths, a tall tower can be seen in the background.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

The fight with the Nazgûl has been moved from the camp near the hill to the ruins of the tower.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Weathertop is the fifth level. Aragorn has to take the four Hobbits to the hilltop, battling wolves and Orcs on the way there. At the top, they notice Gandalf had been there, and dropped a rune stone. As he explains it to Frodo, a troll attacks, and serves as the level's boss.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (video game):

Weathertop is the second level. Aragorn must drive the Nazgûl away before they kill Frodo.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Destroying Amon Sûl is the fourth level in the Angmar campaign in The Rise of the Witch-king. The bastion is protected by five mystical Mallorn trees: one generates a solar flare that incinerates enemies, one heals damaged buildings, one creates lush Elvish pastures (that boost the Men's armor and damage), one stuns targeted enemies and one summons a battalion of archers. The mission is completed when either all five mallorns are destroyed, or the tower falls.
Additionally, two maps of Amon Sûl are available in Skirmish mode: one with the tower, which is identical to the mission save for the Mallorn trees, and one with the tower in ruins and all other buildings removed.

See Also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Note on the Maps"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Knife in the Dark"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"