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Welsh is the Celtic language spoken throughout Wales and some nearby parts of England. Mark T. Hooker observes that "Tolkien’s definition of Welsh does not exactly coincide with the modern perceptions of the word. When Tolkien says Welsh, it is as a portmanteau that includes Cornish and Breton as well."[1]



Tolkien appears to have been greatly inspired by Welsh when creating the Elvish language Sindarin. Several similarities have been pointed out:


Editor Carl F. Hostetter has noted that the singular form lotheg is formed by the addition of a diminuitive/singular ending -eg/-ig to the plural form loth, much like in Welsh where a singular noun can derive "from a plural form by the addition of a singular ending".[2]


External links


  1. Tolkien and Welsh, Llyfrawr, 2012, p. 1
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 30 (note 42)