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Westfarthing

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The western farthing of the [[Shire]], in which lay many of its important towns: [[Michel Delving]] on the [[White Downs]]; [[Tuckborough]], the seat of the [[Took]] [[Thains of the Shire]]; and [[Hobbiton]], home of the [[Baggins family]].
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{{location
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| image=
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| name=Westfarthing
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| othernames=
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| etymology=
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| type=Region
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| location=The Shire
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| inhabitants=[[Hobbits]]
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| realms=The Shire
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| description=
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| events=[[Free Fair]], The Unexpected Party, [[Bilbo Baggins|Bilbo's]] Farewell Feast, [[Battle of Bywater]]
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| references=
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|}}
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The '''Westfarthing''' was one of the four [[Farthings]] of [[the Shire]].  Its easternmost point was the [[Three Farthing Stone]]<ref name="Part">{{FR|Part}}</ref> and on its western border were the [[Far Downs]]<ref>{{FR|Hobbits}}</ref> (and later, from {{FoA|32}} on, the region of [[Westmarch]]).  Within its bounds was the "capital" of the Shire, [[Michel Delving]] and the ancestral homeland of the [[Took Family|Tooks]] (and thus the seat of the [[Thain]]), known as [[Tookland]].<ref>{{FR|I3}}</ref>  Also, in the Westfarthing was the home of [[Bilbo Baggins]] and his nephew, [[Frodo Baggins]].<ref name="Part"/>
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The [[Hobbitish]] dialect of the Westfarthing had retained the deferential pronoun of the proper [[Westron]] in scattered parts. It was used more as a light-hearted term of endearment.<ref>{{App|Translation}}</ref>
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==Geographic Features==
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A considerable portion of this farthing was included on the map called ''[[A Part of the Shire]]'' so many features of this section were shown:
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*Hills: A portion of the [[Green Hill Country]], [[Hobbiton Hill]]
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*Lakes: [[Bywater Pool]]
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*Rivers: [[The Water]], possibly a portion of the [[Norbourn]]
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*Roads: [[East Road]]
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*Swamps: [[Rushock Bog]]
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*Towns: [[Bywater]], [[Hobbiton]], [[Little Delving]] (west of the map's edge), [[Michel Delving]] (west of the map's edge), [[Needlehole]], [[Nobottle]], [[Overhill]], [[Tookbank]], [[Tuckborough]], [[Waymeet]]
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In the Far Downs, another town (not shown on the map) existed: [[Greenholm]].<ref>{{App|Later}}</ref>  [[Peregrin Took]] told [[Bergil]] in [[Minas Tirith]] that his father farmed lands around [[Whitwell]] near [[Tuckborough]].<ref>{{RK|V1}}</ref>  In ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'' the name of this town was attached to an unnamed village west of Tookbank and south of Waymeet.
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==History==
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Every seven years the [[Mayor of Michel Delving]] was elected at the [[Free Fair]] on the [[White Downs]] at Lithe.<ref>{{FR|Ordering}}</ref>
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In {{TA|2941}}, the Unexpected Party occurred in the home of [[Bilbo Baggins]] at [[Bag End]]<ref name="third">{{App|TA}}</ref> in the West Farthing, and from the ''[[Green Dragon]]'' in Bywater, the quest of [[Thorin]] began.<ref>{{H|Mutton}}</ref>  When Bilbo returned the next year he had to deal with an auction of his belongings since he had been presumed dead.<ref>{{H|Stage}}</ref>
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To celebrate his 111th and [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo's]] 33rd birthdays as well as his departure from the Shire, in {{TA|3001}} Bilbo held a farewell feast.<ref name="third"/>
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On [[23 September]] {{TA|3018}}, [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]], [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]], and [[Peregrin Took|Pippin]] left [[Bag End]] heading for [[Crickhollow]].<ref>{{App|Great}}</ref>
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Upon their return from their adventures in the south, Frodo, Sam, Pippin, and [[Meriadoc Brandybuck|Merry]] returned to the Shire and in the Westfarthing they were the leaders in the [[Battle of Bywater]], on [[1 November]] {{TA|3019}}<ref>{{App|Chief}}</ref>
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{{References}}
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[[Category:Regions of the Shire]]
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[[de:Westviertel]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/comte/quartier_ouest]]
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[[fi:Länsineljännys]]

Latest revision as of 00:09, 5 August 2011

Westfarthing
Physical Description
TypeRegion
LocationThe Shire
RealmsThe Shire
InhabitantsHobbits
General Information
EventsFree Fair, The Unexpected Party, Bilbo's Farewell Feast, Battle of Bywater

The Westfarthing was one of the four Farthings of the Shire. Its easternmost point was the Three Farthing Stone[1] and on its western border were the Far Downs[2] (and later, from Fo.A. 32 on, the region of Westmarch). Within its bounds was the "capital" of the Shire, Michel Delving and the ancestral homeland of the Tooks (and thus the seat of the Thain), known as Tookland.[3] Also, in the Westfarthing was the home of Bilbo Baggins and his nephew, Frodo Baggins.[1]

The Hobbitish dialect of the Westfarthing had retained the deferential pronoun of the proper Westron in scattered parts. It was used more as a light-hearted term of endearment.[4]

[edit] Geographic Features

A considerable portion of this farthing was included on the map called A Part of the Shire so many features of this section were shown:

In the Far Downs, another town (not shown on the map) existed: Greenholm.[5] Peregrin Took told Bergil in Minas Tirith that his father farmed lands around Whitwell near Tuckborough.[6] In The Atlas of Middle-earth the name of this town was attached to an unnamed village west of Tookbank and south of Waymeet.

[edit] History

Every seven years the Mayor of Michel Delving was elected at the Free Fair on the White Downs at Lithe.[7]

In T.A. 2941, the Unexpected Party occurred in the home of Bilbo Baggins at Bag End[8] in the West Farthing, and from the Green Dragon in Bywater, the quest of Thorin began.[9] When Bilbo returned the next year he had to deal with an auction of his belongings since he had been presumed dead.[10]

To celebrate his 111th and Frodo's 33rd birthdays as well as his departure from the Shire, in T.A. 3001 Bilbo held a farewell feast.[8]

On 23 September T.A. 3018, Frodo, Sam, and Pippin left Bag End heading for Crickhollow.[11]

Upon their return from their adventures in the south, Frodo, Sam, Pippin, and Merry returned to the Shire and in the Westfarthing they were the leaders in the Battle of Bywater, on 1 November T.A. 3019[12]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Part of the Shire" map
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Concerning Hobbits"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Three is Company"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Of the Ordering of the Shire"
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Roast Mutton"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Last Stage"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"