Tolkien Gateway

Westfold

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{{stub}}{{expansion}}
 
 
{{location
 
{{location
 
| image=  
 
| image=  
| name= Westfold
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| name=Westfold
 
| othernames=  
 
| othernames=  
 
| etymology=  
 
| etymology=  
 
| type= Region  
 
| type= Region  
| location=Western Rohan
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| location=Area in western Rohan skirting the [[White Mountains]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Men]] ([[Rohirrim]])
 
| inhabitants=[[Men]] ([[Rohirrim]])
 
| realms=[[Rohan]]
 
| realms=[[Rohan]]
| description=  
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| description=Slopes and fields
| events=[[Second Battle of the Fords of Isen]]  
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| events=[[First Battle of the Fords of Isen]]</br>[[Second Battle of the Fords of Isen]]</br>[[Battle of the Hornburg]]
| references= ''[[The Two Towers]]''
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| references=
 
|}}
 
|}}
'''Westfold''' was the westernmost region of [[Rohan]], lying immediately to the east of the [[Gap of Rohan]], from the [[Isen]] to the [[Folde]]. Its border with the [[Eastfold]] was marked by the course of the [[Snowbourn]] River.
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The '''Westfold''' was the western part of [[Rohan]], close to the [[White Mountains]] and lying between the river [[Isen]] and the [[Folde]]. The [[North-South Road]] ran through the Westfold from the [[Fords of Isen]] to [[Edoras]]. Its strongpoint was [[Helm's Deep]].<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>
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==History==
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The Westfold was originally part of the realm of [[Gondor]] until in {{TA|2510}} the fief of [[Calenardhon]] was granted to [[Eorl]] the Young by the [[Ruling Steward]] [[Cirion]].  Thereafter the Westfold was part of Rohan.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref>
  
Its defensive center was [[Helm's Deep]] and its master dwelt in [[Hornburg]].
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In {{TA|2758|n}} the [[Dunlendings]] led by [[Wulf]] overran Rohan and King [[Helm]] took refuge in Helm's Deep.<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref> During the subsequent [[Long Winter]] first prince [[Háma]] and then Helm made sorties and forays into the Westfold for food and to attack their besiegers.  Both men died in the snows.<ref>{{App|Eorl}}</ref>
  
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In the beginning of {{TA|3019|n}}, due to the threat of invasion by the forces of the wizard [[Saruman]], [[Théodred]], the son of King [[Théoden]], established himself at [[Helm's Deep]] to command the military strength of the Westfold.  When actual war began Théodred added to the Muster of Westfold by summoning the [[Muster of Edoras]].<ref>{{UT|Isen}}, Appendix (i)</ref>
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On [[25 February]] the [[First Battle of the Fords of Isen]] was fought.<ref name="Great">{{App|Great}}</ref> In this fight the sole objective of [[Saruman]] was to slay [[Théodred]]; had his forces invaded the Westfold immediately after this battle Rohan would have suffered grievously.<ref>{{UT|Isen}}</ref>  Instead, Saruman's army withdrew and did not return until [[2 March]] to fight the [[Second Battle of the Fords of Isen]].<ref name="Great"/>
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Following the fall of Théodred, command in the [[West-mark]] was assumed by [[Erkenbrand]], who was Lord of [[Deeping-coomb]] and much of the rest of the Westfold.  In the Second Battle the forces of [[Erkenbrand]]  were scattered and Saruman's host marched through the Westfold to attack the [[Hornburg]].  However, in the [[Battle of the Hornburg]] all of enemy were crushed.<ref>{{TT|III7}}</ref>
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After the fall of [[Sauron]] the funeral escort of King Théoden rode to Edoras.  Subsequently the remaining members of the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] traveled through the Westfold from [[14 August]] to [[22 August]] when King [[Aragorn|Elessar]] took his leave.<ref>{{App|Chief}}</ref>
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Regions of Rohan]]
 
[[Category:Regions of Rohan]]
  
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/rohan/westfold]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/rohan/westfold]]

Revision as of 07:12, 30 December 2012

Westfold
Physical Description
TypeRegion
LocationArea in western Rohan skirting the White Mountains
RealmsRohan
InhabitantsMen (Rohirrim)
DescriptionSlopes and fields
General Information
EventsFirst Battle of the Fords of Isen
Second Battle of the Fords of Isen
Battle of the Hornburg

The Westfold was the western part of Rohan, close to the White Mountains and lying between the river Isen and the Folde. The North-South Road ran through the Westfold from the Fords of Isen to Edoras. Its strongpoint was Helm's Deep.[1]

History

The Westfold was originally part of the realm of Gondor until in T.A. 2510 the fief of Calenardhon was granted to Eorl the Young by the Ruling Steward Cirion. Thereafter the Westfold was part of Rohan.[2]

In 2758 the Dunlendings led by Wulf overran Rohan and King Helm took refuge in Helm's Deep.[3] During the subsequent Long Winter first prince Háma and then Helm made sorties and forays into the Westfold for food and to attack their besiegers. Both men died in the snows.[4]

In the beginning of 3019, due to the threat of invasion by the forces of the wizard Saruman, Théodred, the son of King Théoden, established himself at Helm's Deep to command the military strength of the Westfold. When actual war began Théodred added to the Muster of Westfold by summoning the Muster of Edoras.[5]

On 25 February the First Battle of the Fords of Isen was fought.[6] In this fight the sole objective of Saruman was to slay Théodred; had his forces invaded the Westfold immediately after this battle Rohan would have suffered grievously.[7] Instead, Saruman's army withdrew and did not return until 2 March to fight the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen.[6]

Following the fall of Théodred, command in the West-mark was assumed by Erkenbrand, who was Lord of Deeping-coomb and much of the rest of the Westfold. In the Second Battle the forces of Erkenbrand were scattered and Saruman's host marched through the Westfold to attack the Hornburg. However, in the Battle of the Hornburg all of enemy were crushed.[8]

After the fall of Sauron the funeral escort of King Théoden rode to Edoras. Subsequently the remaining members of the Fellowship of the Ring traveled through the Westfold from 14 August to 22 August when King Elessar took his leave.[9]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Battles of the Fords of Isen", Appendix (i)
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Battles of the Fords of Isen"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Helm's Deep"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"