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White Council

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{{disambig-two|White Council|the cancelled video game|''[[The Lord of the Rings: The White Council]]''}}
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{{organization
{{expansion}}
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| image=[[File:The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey - The White Council meets.jpg|250px]]
[[Image:The White Council.jpg|thumb|''The White Council'' by Zina Saunders]]
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| name=The White Council
The '''White Council''', or '''Council of the Wise''', was gathering of the [[Wise]] in [[Middle-earth]].  
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| othernames=The Council of the Wise<ref name="SRings">{{S|Rings}}</ref>
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| founder=[[Galadriel]]<ref name="FRMirror">{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
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| founded={{TA|2463}}<ref name="AppBTA">{{App|TA}}</ref>
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| race=[[Wizards]]<br/>[[Elves]]
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| members=[[Saruman]]<ref name="SRings"/><br/>[[Gandalf]]<ref name="SRings"/><br/>[[Galadriel]]<ref name="SRings"/><br/>[[Elrond]]<ref name="SRings"/><br/>[[Círdan]]<ref name="SRings"/>
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| achievements=[[Attack on Dol Guldur]]
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| disbanded={{TA|2953}}<ref name="AppBTA"/>
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}}
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'''The White Council''', also referred to as the Council of the Wise, was a group of the [[wise]] in [[Middle-earth]] which met irregularly. Its purpose was 'to unite and direct the forces of the [[West]], in resistance to the [[Sauron|shadow]].'<ref name="PMThird">{{PM|Third}}</ref>
  
==First White Council==
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==Members==
The first White Council was formed after [[Sauron]]'s defeat in [[Eriador]] in [[Second Age 1701]]. The council did not include any of the [[Istari]] who had yet to come to Middle-earth. The main decision of the council was to abandon [[Eregion]] in favor of [[Rivendell|Imladris]].
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The following individuals were clearly stated to have been members of the White Council. It should be noted, however, that 'other lords of the Eldar' did join them, but were not identified.<ref name="SRings"/>
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*[[Saruman]], the appointed leader of the Council<ref name="SRings"/>
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*[[Gandalf]]<ref name="SRings"/>
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*[[Galadriel]]<ref name="SRings"/>
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*[[Elrond]]<ref name="SRings"/>
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*[[Círdan]]<ref name="SRings"/>
  
==Second White Council==
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==History==
Before the formation of the second White Council, its members led by [[Gandalf]] invaded [[Dol Guldur]] who withdrew and the Ringwraiths remained hidden in [[Morgul Vale]] during the [[Watchful Peace]]. The Council was officially formed in {{TA|2463}}, three years after the end of the Peace.
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===The Second Age===
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A "White Council" first met in c. {{SA|1701}}.<ref group="note">In {{UT|Concerning}} it states that 'At this time the first Council was held'. The 'At this time' follows on from the driving out of Sauron from [[Eregion]], which occurred {{SA|1701}} according to {{App|SA}}. According to {{UT|Concerning}}, n. 10 'the first Council' was emended to 'the first White Council'.</ref> At this meeting it was decided that [[Rivendell|Imladris]] should become the stronghold of the [[Elves]] in [[Eriador]], rather in [[Eregion]].<ref name="UTConcerning">{{UT|Concerning}}</ref> No members are mentioned explicitly, but it is implied that at least [[Gil-galad]] and [[Elrond]] were members because Gil-galad gave [[Vilya]] to Elrond 'At that time also'.<ref name="UTConcerning"/> It seems likely that the "White Council" of the [[Third Age]] echoed this "White Council" of the [[Second Age]].<ref name="UTConcerningNote10">{{UT|Concerning}}, n. 10</ref>
  
In {{TA|2851}} the White Council met to decide on whether to act on Gandalf's discovery of the identity of the [[Necromancer]], but Saruman dissuaded the others. Secretly, he started investigating about [[the One Ring]] and search about the [[Gladden Fields]].
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===The Third Age===
[[File:Angus McBride - Dol Guldur.jpg|thumb|left|The White Council attacks Dol Guldur]]
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[[File:Angus McBride - Dol Guldur.jpg|thumb|''Dol Guldur'' by [[Angus McBride]]|250px]]
Eventually Saruman relented and in {{TA|2941}} Sauron was driven out of Dol Guldur only to re-appear in Mordor.  
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In {{TA|2463}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> following the return of [[Sauron]] and the end of the [[Watchful Peace]] in {{TA|2460|n}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> [[Galadriel]] summoned the first meeting of the White Council.<ref name="FRMirror"/>
  
The Council last met in {{TA|2953}}, when Saruman insisted that [[the One Ring]] has been swept out to sea, quieting Gandalf's concerns that the One Ring was Bilbo's ring found in the [[Goblin-town]].
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There are only four known meetings of the White Council:
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#{{TA|2463}}<ref name="AppBTA"/>
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#{{TA|2851}}<ref name="AppBTA"/>
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#{{TA|2941}}<ref name="AppBTA"/>
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#{{TA|2953}}<ref name="AppBTA"/>
  
==Members==
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At the first meeting in {{TA|2463}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> it was mooted that [[Gandalf]] be the head of the Council, but to [[Galadriel]]'s dismay he refused the office. [[Saruman]] was chosen as their chief instead and he begrudged Gandalf for being the desired candidate.<ref name="SRings"/>
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At the second meeting in {{TA|2851}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> the Council met at [[Rivendell]].<ref name="UTGandalf">{{UT|Gandalf}}</ref> Gandalf urged an attack on [[Dol Guldur]] following his discovery in the [[Third Age 2850|previous year]] that its master was indeed [[Sauron]].<ref name="AppBTA"/> Saruman overruled him because in secret he had begun to desire the [[One Ring]] for himself.<ref name="AppBTA"/> Unusually for a White Council meeting, Gandalf sat apart from the others, in silence and smoking, whilst Saruman spoke against the attack on Dol Guldur.<ref name="UTGandalf"/> This irritated Saruman and he spoke to Gandalf afterwards, asking him why he did not join in the discussion, and mocked his smoking.<ref name="UTGandalf"/> Gandalf replied, saying that pipe weed gave him 'patience' and mentioned that it was a practice of the [[Hobbits|Halflings]].<ref name="UTGandalf"/> Saruman mocked him again.<ref name="UTGandalf"/> In response Gandalf did not speak, but sent out many rings of smoke into the air and grasped them in his hand before they vanished.<ref name="UTGandalf"/> Saruman read this gesture as suggesting that Gandalf suspected him of wanting to possess the One Ring, or that there was a connection between the rings of power and the Halflings.<ref name="UTGandalf"/>
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At the third meeting in {{TA|2941}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> they agreed to attack [[Dol Guldur]]. Saruman finally submitted for he knew that Sauron was searching for the One Ring in the [[Anduin]].<ref name="AppBTA"/> The White Council launched an [[attack on Dol Guldur]], but [[Sauron]], having already made plans, fled to [[Mordor]].<ref name="AppBTA"/>
  
Members were of the original Council included: 
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At the fourth and final meeting in {{TA|2953}}, following Sauron's open declaration in {{TA|2951|n}},<ref name="AppBTA"/> there was a discussion on the rings of power. Saruman claimed to have knowledge that the [[One Ring]] had been lost down the [[Anduin]] and into the [[Belegaer|sea]].<ref name="AppBTA"/>
*[[Galadriel]]  
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*[[Elrond]]
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*[[Cirdan]]
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*Possibly [[Celeborn]]
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*Other [[Elves|Elven]] Lords
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During the [[Third Age]] it was joined by the [[Wizards]] and its head was [[Saruman]]. This included:
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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{{Gallery
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|title=The White Council in adaptations
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|width=480
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|height=200
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|lines=1
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|File:The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey - The White Council.jpg|The White Council meets in [[Rivendell]] in ''[[The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey]]''
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}}
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'''2012: ''[[The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey]]'':'''
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:Having arrived at [[Rivendell]] with [[Thorin and Company]], [[Gandalf]] met with [[Elrond]], [[Galadriel]], and [[Saruman]]. It seems that Gandalf was unaware that the meeting would take place. Whilst this meeting is not explicitly called the "White Council", its membership and discussion points have much in common with the White Council in [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s writings. Much of the history of the [[Third Age]] is conflated and substantially altered. Gandalf told the Council that [[Radagast]] had found [[Dol Guldur]] occupied by a [[Sauron|Necromancer]]. Saruman was very sceptical of Radagast's story and dismissed Gandalf for believing him. Gandalf and Galadriel converse telepathically before the wizard showed the Council a [[Morgul blades|morgul blade]] which belonged to the [[Witch-king]]; the blade and Nazgûl had been buried together many centuries previously following the downfall of [[Angmar]].
  
*[[Gandalf]]
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==See also==
*Likely [[Radagast]]
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*[[:Category:Images of the White Council|Images of the White Council]]
  
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{{References|n}}
  
[[category:Events]]
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[[Category:Organizations]]
[[category:Organizations]]
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Revision as of 12:43, 2 January 2013

The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey - The White Council meets.jpg
The White Council
Other namesThe Council of the Wise[1]
FounderGaladriel[2]
Date foundedT.A. 2463[3]
Race of membersWizards
Elves
Famous membersSaruman[1]
Gandalf[1]
Galadriel[1]
Elrond[1]
Círdan[1]
AchievementsAttack on Dol Guldur
DisbandedT.A. 2953[3]

The White Council, also referred to as the Council of the Wise, was a group of the wise in Middle-earth which met irregularly. Its purpose was 'to unite and direct the forces of the West, in resistance to the shadow.'[4]

Contents

Members

The following individuals were clearly stated to have been members of the White Council. It should be noted, however, that 'other lords of the Eldar' did join them, but were not identified.[1]

History

The Second Age

A "White Council" first met in c. S.A. 1701.[note 1] At this meeting it was decided that Imladris should become the stronghold of the Elves in Eriador, rather in Eregion.[5] No members are mentioned explicitly, but it is implied that at least Gil-galad and Elrond were members because Gil-galad gave Vilya to Elrond 'At that time also'.[5] It seems likely that the "White Council" of the Third Age echoed this "White Council" of the Second Age.[6]

The Third Age

Dol Guldur by Angus McBride

In T.A. 2463,[3] following the return of Sauron and the end of the Watchful Peace in 2460,[3] Galadriel summoned the first meeting of the White Council.[2]

There are only four known meetings of the White Council:

  1. T.A. 2463[3]
  2. T.A. 2851[3]
  3. T.A. 2941[3]
  4. T.A. 2953[3]

At the first meeting in T.A. 2463,[3] it was mooted that Gandalf be the head of the Council, but to Galadriel's dismay he refused the office. Saruman was chosen as their chief instead and he begrudged Gandalf for being the desired candidate.[1]

At the second meeting in T.A. 2851,[3] the Council met at Rivendell.[7] Gandalf urged an attack on Dol Guldur following his discovery in the previous year that its master was indeed Sauron.[3] Saruman overruled him because in secret he had begun to desire the One Ring for himself.[3] Unusually for a White Council meeting, Gandalf sat apart from the others, in silence and smoking, whilst Saruman spoke against the attack on Dol Guldur.[7] This irritated Saruman and he spoke to Gandalf afterwards, asking him why he did not join in the discussion, and mocked his smoking.[7] Gandalf replied, saying that pipe weed gave him 'patience' and mentioned that it was a practice of the Halflings.[7] Saruman mocked him again.[7] In response Gandalf did not speak, but sent out many rings of smoke into the air and grasped them in his hand before they vanished.[7] Saruman read this gesture as suggesting that Gandalf suspected him of wanting to possess the One Ring, or that there was a connection between the rings of power and the Halflings.[7]

At the third meeting in T.A. 2941,[3] they agreed to attack Dol Guldur. Saruman finally submitted for he knew that Sauron was searching for the One Ring in the Anduin.[3] The White Council launched an attack on Dol Guldur, but Sauron, having already made plans, fled to Mordor.[3]

At the fourth and final meeting in T.A. 2953, following Sauron's open declaration in 2951,[3] there was a discussion on the rings of power. Saruman claimed to have knowledge that the One Ring had been lost down the Anduin and into the sea.[3]

Portrayal in adaptations

The White Council in adaptations
The White Council meets in Rivendell in The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey  

2012: The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey:

Having arrived at Rivendell with Thorin and Company, Gandalf met with Elrond, Galadriel, and Saruman. It seems that Gandalf was unaware that the meeting would take place. Whilst this meeting is not explicitly called the "White Council", its membership and discussion points have much in common with the White Council in Tolkien's writings. Much of the history of the Third Age is conflated and substantially altered. Gandalf told the Council that Radagast had found Dol Guldur occupied by a Necromancer. Saruman was very sceptical of Radagast's story and dismissed Gandalf for believing him. Gandalf and Galadriel converse telepathically before the wizard showed the Council a morgul blade which belonged to the Witch-king; the blade and Nazgûl had been buried together many centuries previously following the downfall of Angmar.

See also

Notes

  1. In J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn" it states that 'At this time the first Council was held'. The 'At this time' follows on from the driving out of Sauron from Eregion, which occurred S.A. 1701 according to J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age". According to J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn", n. 10 'the first Council' was emended to 'the first White Council'.

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Third Age"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn", n. 10
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Hunt for the Ring", "(iii) Concerning Gandalf, Saruman, and the Shire"