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White Mountains

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{{location
 
{{location
| image=
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| image=[[File:Raine Kuusi - Dusk.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=White Mountains
 
| name=White Mountains
| othernames=
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| othernames=Ered Nimrais
 
| etymology=
 
| etymology=
 
| type=Mountain range
 
| type=Mountain range
 
| location=Between [[Gondor]] and [[Rohan]]
 
| location=Between [[Gondor]] and [[Rohan]]
| inhabitants=
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| inhabitants=[[Men]], [[Dwarves]]
 
| realms=[[Gondor]] and [[Rohan]]
 
| realms=[[Gondor]] and [[Rohan]]
 
| description=Tall, snow-capped mountains
 
| description=Tall, snow-capped mountains
 
| events=
 
| events=
 
| references=
 
| references=
|}}
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}}
The '''White Mountains''', a loose translation of the [[Sindarin]] '''Ered Nimrais''' ("Whitehorn Mountains"). The mountains are named after the glaciers of their highest peaks. The range lies mostly East-West, but also has a northern section, which is separated from the main line of the ''Hithaeglir'' ("[[Misty Mountains]]") by the [[Gap of Rohan]]. Even at the southern latitude of Gondor and Rohan, the White Mountains bear snow in summer, suggesting they are extremely high. The range has no passes. The [[Paths of the Dead]] pass under it, but only the most courageous (or foolhardy) ever venture that route. The White Mountains form the northern boundary of [[Gondor]] and the southern boundary of [[Rohan]] except in their easternmost provinces.
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The '''White Mountains''', or '''''[[White Mountains#Etymology|Ered Nimrais]]''''' was a great mountain range that lay between [[Calenardhon]]/[[Rohan]] in the North and [[Gondor]] in the South. They ran 600 miles (965 kilometers) from [[Thrihyrne]] in the north-west to [[Mindolluin]] and [[Amon Tirith]] in the east. A low spur sprung off southwest, and ended at [[Ras Morthil]].
  
Its notable peaks include ''[[Irensaga]]'' and ''[[Starkhorn]]''. Between these two lies the ''Dwimorberg'', entrance to the Paths of the Dead.
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==Geographic Features==
At the eastern end, the city of [[Minas Tirith]] is carved into ''Mindolluin'' mountain. The [[Warning beacons of Gondor]] are placed on top of seven peaks in the range: ''[[Amon Dîn]]'', ''[[Eilenach]]'', ''[[Nardol]]'', ''[[Erelas]]'', ''[[Min-Rimmon]]'', ''[[Calenhad]]'' and ''[[Halifirien]]''.  The northernmost point is the [[Thrihyrne]].
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===Important Peaks===
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The mountain range’s notable peaks were, from west to east, [[Thrihyrne]], [[Starkhorn]], [[Dwimorberg]], [[Irensaga]], [[Halifirien]], [[Calenhad]], [[Min-Rimmon]], [[Erelas]], [[Nardol]], [[Eilenach]], [[Amon Dîn]], [[Mindolluin]] and [[Amon Tirith]].  
  
Several [[Rivers]] rise in the White Mountains, among them the [[Adorn]] (a tributary of [[Isen]]), the [[Snowbourn]] and [[Mering Stream]] (tributaries of the [[Entwash]]), and, on the south side, the [[Erui]], a tributary of [[Anduin]], the [[Ringló]] and its tributary [[Ciril]], which together with the [[Morthond]] all enter the [[Bay of Belfalas]] at [[Edhellond]] near [[Dol Amroth]]; the [[Lefnui]] of the [[Anfalas]], and the [[Five Rivers of Lebennin]].
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At the foot of Thrihyrne was the valley known as [[Helm's Deep]], and the [[Glittering Caves]] of [[Aglarond]] were underneath its spurs.  
  
In the [[Second Age]], the White Mountains were populated by a people related to the [[Dunlendings]] who had been servants of [[Sauron]]. They swore allegiance to [[Isildur]], but betrayed him and were cursed: they became known as the [[Army of the Dead]], of the paths [[Aragorn]], [[Gimli]], [[Legolas]], and the rangers later took. Before the [[Dunlendings]], the White Mountains had been home to the ''Púkel-Men'' or [[Drúedain]].
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The three mountains Starkhorn, Dwimorberg and Irensaga enclosed the valley of [[Dunharrow]], and the Dwimorberg was also the home of the [[Paths of the Dead]].
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Halifirien, Calenhad, Min-Rimmon, Erelas, Nardol, Eilenach, and Amon Dîn were strategically chosen hilltops on the northern side of the range. They were the [[Warning beacons of Gondor]]. There was probably a beacon-row on the south side too.
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===Passes===
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There were no passes over the White Mountains. If the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] were to avoid the [[Gap of Rohan]], they would have to follow the coast around [[Ras Morthil]] on the cape of [[Andrast]]. The only passage through the mountain range was at the Paths of the Dead, but only the most courageous (or foolhardy) ever ventured that route.
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==Rivers==
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Several rivers sprung from the White Mountains, among them the [[Adorn]], the [[Deeping-stream]], the [[Snowbourn]] and [[Mering Stream]] on the north side, and, on the south side, the [[Erui]], the [[Ringló]], the [[Ciril]], the [[Morthond]] and the [[Lefnui]].
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==History==
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===Origins===
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The White Mountains were presumably made by the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Aulë]] when he helped in the construction of [[Arda]]. It is also possible that the were created by [[Morgoth|Melkor]], and served the same goal as the [[Misty Mountains#Origins|Misty Mountains]].
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A local legend among the [[Pre-Númenóreans|indigenous people]] of [[Gondor]] told of [[giants]] making the mountains, to keep [[Men]] out of their lands by the [[Belegaer|Sea]]. One of them, [[Stiffneck]] or [[Tarlang]] died there and some peaks are his [[Tarlang's Neck|neck]] and [[Dol Tarlang|head]]; the stones he was carrying were known as [[Cûl Veleg]] and [[Cûl Bîn]].<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings|Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings]]'', omitted entry quoted in [[Wayne G. Hammond]], [[Christina Scull]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion]]'', pp. 536-7</ref>
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===Inhabitants===
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Throughout history, the White Mountains were inhabited by Men, [[Drúedain]], [[Dunlendings]], [[Rohirrim]], [[Gondor|Gondorians]], [[Orcs]], and [[Dwarves]]. 
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The Drúedain lived along its northern edges, leaving [[Púkel-men]] at [[Starkhorn]] and [[Drúwaith Iaur]]. They resettled to a forest that would later be named after them: [[Drúadan Forest|Tawar in-Drúedain]].
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In the [[Second Age]], the White Mountains were populated by a people related to the Dunlendings who had been servants of [[Sauron]]. They swore allegiance to [[Isildur]], but betrayed him and were cursed: they became known as the [[Oathbreakers]].
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From {{TA|2510}}, the northern vales and hills became under the rule of the Rohirrim, mighty horselords from the North. They settled in [[Helm's Deep]], [[Dunharrow]] and [[Grimslade]], and built their capital [[Edoras]] on an outlying hill.
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The valley on the southern side were all that time under the rule of the [[King of Gondor]], and the lords of [[Blackroot Vale]], [[Ringló Vale]], Tumladen and [[Lossarnach]] were loyal fiefs.
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After the [[Battle of Azanulbizar]] in {{TA|2799}}, thousands of [[orcs]] fled south and troubled the Rohirrim for two generations.  
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In the early [[Fourth Age]], [[Gimli]], son of [[Glóin son of Gróin|Glóin]] led a colony of [[Dwarves]] and settled in the [[Glittering Caves]], of which he had discovered the value during the [[Battle of the Hornburg]].
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==Etymology==
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The [[Sindarin]] name of the White Mountains, '''''Ered Nimrais''''', consists of ''[[ered]]'' ("mountains") and ''nimrais'' ("white-peaks; pale-horns").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 33</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[:Category:Images of the White Mountains|Images of the White Mountains]]
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{{References}}
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* ''[[The Two Towers]]'', passim.
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* ''[[The Return of the King]]'', passim.
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* ''[[Appendix A]]''.
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* ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', ''[[The Drúedain]]''.
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* ''[[The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion]]''.
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* ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]''.
  
[[Category:Mountains]]
 
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Rohan]]
 
[[Category:Rohan]]
 
[[Category:White Mountains]]
 
[[Category:White Mountains]]
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[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
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[[de:Weißes Gebirge]]
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[[fi:Valkoiset Vuoret]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/montagnes_blanches]]

Revision as of 21:40, 11 October 2012

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Raine Kuusi - Dusk.jpg
White Mountains
Physical Description
TypeMountain range
LocationBetween Gondor and Rohan
RealmsGondor and Rohan
InhabitantsMen, Dwarves
DescriptionTall, snow-capped mountains
General Information
Other namesEred Nimrais

The White Mountains, or Ered Nimrais was a great mountain range that lay between Calenardhon/Rohan in the North and Gondor in the South. They ran 600 miles (965 kilometers) from Thrihyrne in the north-west to Mindolluin and Amon Tirith in the east. A low spur sprung off southwest, and ended at Ras Morthil.

Contents

Geographic Features

Important Peaks

The mountain range’s notable peaks were, from west to east, Thrihyrne, Starkhorn, Dwimorberg, Irensaga, Halifirien, Calenhad, Min-Rimmon, Erelas, Nardol, Eilenach, Amon Dîn, Mindolluin and Amon Tirith.

At the foot of Thrihyrne was the valley known as Helm's Deep, and the Glittering Caves of Aglarond were underneath its spurs.

The three mountains Starkhorn, Dwimorberg and Irensaga enclosed the valley of Dunharrow, and the Dwimorberg was also the home of the Paths of the Dead.

Halifirien, Calenhad, Min-Rimmon, Erelas, Nardol, Eilenach, and Amon Dîn were strategically chosen hilltops on the northern side of the range. They were the Warning beacons of Gondor. There was probably a beacon-row on the south side too.

Passes

There were no passes over the White Mountains. If the Fellowship of the Ring were to avoid the Gap of Rohan, they would have to follow the coast around Ras Morthil on the cape of Andrast. The only passage through the mountain range was at the Paths of the Dead, but only the most courageous (or foolhardy) ever ventured that route.

Rivers

Several rivers sprung from the White Mountains, among them the Adorn, the Deeping-stream, the Snowbourn and Mering Stream on the north side, and, on the south side, the Erui, the Ringló, the Ciril, the Morthond and the Lefnui.

History

Origins

The White Mountains were presumably made by the Vala Aulë when he helped in the construction of Arda. It is also possible that the were created by Melkor, and served the same goal as the Misty Mountains.

A local legend among the indigenous people of Gondor told of giants making the mountains, to keep Men out of their lands by the Sea. One of them, Stiffneck or Tarlang died there and some peaks are his neck and head; the stones he was carrying were known as Cûl Veleg and Cûl Bîn.[1]

Inhabitants

Throughout history, the White Mountains were inhabited by Men, Drúedain, Dunlendings, Rohirrim, Gondorians, Orcs, and Dwarves.

The Drúedain lived along its northern edges, leaving Púkel-men at Starkhorn and Drúwaith Iaur. They resettled to a forest that would later be named after them: Tawar in-Drúedain.

In the Second Age, the White Mountains were populated by a people related to the Dunlendings who had been servants of Sauron. They swore allegiance to Isildur, but betrayed him and were cursed: they became known as the Oathbreakers.

From T.A. 2510, the northern vales and hills became under the rule of the Rohirrim, mighty horselords from the North. They settled in Helm's Deep, Dunharrow and Grimslade, and built their capital Edoras on an outlying hill.

The valley on the southern side were all that time under the rule of the King of Gondor, and the lords of Blackroot Vale, Ringló Vale, Tumladen and Lossarnach were loyal fiefs.

After the Battle of Azanulbizar in T.A. 2799, thousands of orcs fled south and troubled the Rohirrim for two generations.

In the early Fourth Age, Gimli, son of Glóin led a colony of Dwarves and settled in the Glittering Caves, of which he had discovered the value during the Battle of the Hornburg.

Etymology

The Sindarin name of the White Mountains, Ered Nimrais, consists of ered ("mountains") and nimrais ("white-peaks; pale-horns").[2]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings, omitted entry quoted in Wayne G. Hammond, Christina Scull, The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 536-7
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 33