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Yén

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(There were no solar years before the first rising of the Sun!)
 
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'''''Yén''''' (plural '''''yéni'''''<ref>{{RGEO|Namarie}}, line 2</ref>) is [[Quenya]] for "long year" or "great year",<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 62 (forms ''yén'', ''yéni'', and ''yēn'')</ref> and was a unit of time used by the [[Elves]] of [[Middle-earth]] before the first rising of the [[Sun]]. Compare with a [[Valian Years|Valian Year]], the unit of time used in [[Valinor]].
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'''''Yén''''' (plural '''''yéni'''''<ref>{{RGEO|Namarie}}, line 2</ref>) is [[Quenya]] for "long year" or "great year",<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 62 (forms ''yén'', ''yéni'', and ''yēn'')</ref> and was a unit of time used by the [[Elves]] of [[Middle-earth]] after the first rising of the [[Sun]]. Compare with a [[Valian Years|Valian Year]], the unit of time used in [[Valinor]].
  
 
:1 ''yén'' = 144 solar years = 52,596 days<ref name=PE17/><ref>{{App|Calendars}}</ref>
 
:1 ''yén'' = 144 solar years = 52,596 days<ref name=PE17/><ref>{{App|Calendars}}</ref>

Latest revision as of 05:52, 14 May 2018

Yén (plural yéni[1]) is Quenya for "long year" or "great year",[2] and was a unit of time used by the Elves of Middle-earth after the first rising of the Sun. Compare with a Valian Year, the unit of time used in Valinor.

1 yén = 144 solar years = 52,596 days[2][3]

Tolkien used Valian Years to measure the passing of time in the Elder Days as recorded in the Annals of Aman, but such a Valian Years equals 9.582 solar years = 3500 days (in older versions, the Annals of Valinor, it equals 10 solar years).

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann, The Road Goes Ever On, "Namárië (Farewell)", line 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 62 (forms yén, yéni, and yēn)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix D, "The Calendars"