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Yavanna

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''Yavanna'' means "Giver of Fruits" in [[Quenya]]. The name is a compound of ''[[yáve]]'' and ''[[anna]]''. Her epithet ''Kementári'' means "Queen of the Earth".<ref name="Vala"/>
 
''Yavanna'' means "Giver of Fruits" in [[Quenya]]. The name is a compound of ''[[yáve]]'' and ''[[anna]]''. Her epithet ''Kementári'' means "Queen of the Earth".<ref name="Vala"/>
  
Her [[Sindarin]] name appears to be '''''Ivon''''', only attested in the compound ''[[Yavannildi|Ivonwin]]'' ("Maidens of Yavanna"). The [[Noldorin]] equivalent was '''''Ivann'''''.<ref>{{PM|XV}}, pp. 404-5</ref>
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Her [[Sindarin]] name appears to be '''''Ivon''''', only attested in the compound ''[[Yavannildi|Ivonwin]]'' ("Maidens of Yavanna").<ref group=note>The name ''Ivon'' was also the [[Gnomish]] form of [[Qenya]] ''Yavanna''. Cf. {{PE|14}}, p. 14.</ref> The [[Noldorin]] equivalent was '''''Ivann'''''.<ref>{{PM|XV}}, pp. 404-5</ref>
  
 
==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
 
==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]

Revision as of 19:14, 10 April 2013

Jenny Dolfen - Yavanna, Giver of Fruits.jpg
Yavanna
Vala
Biographical Information
Other namesKementári
Family
SpouseAulë
Physical Description
GenderFemale

Yavanna Kementári (Q, pron. N [jaˈvanːa ˌkemenˈtaːri], V [jaˈβanːa ˌkemenˈtaːri]) was a Valië, the consort of Aulë. She was responsible for all things that grew in the earth and was next to Varda in reverence. Her usual form was that of a tall woman robed in green.[1] Melian of the Maiar was of her kin.[2]

Contents

History

Yavanna's Trees by Jacek Kopalski

In the beginning of days Yavanna was one of the Valar who contended with Morgoth. After his expulsion from Arda she planted the seeds that she had long devised and life came to Middle-earth, although in the beginning no flowers bloomed.[3] When the Two Lamps were destroyed much of the life on Middle-earth slumbered in the Sleep of Yavanna[4] that lasted until the rising of the Moon and the Sun.[5]

After the destruction of the Two Lamps the Valar withdrew to Aman and created Valinor. Upon the green mound of Ezellohar Yavanna sat and sang while the other Valar sat and listened. Her song, with the aid of the tears of Nienna brought forth the Two Trees which gave light to the land. However, Yavanna did not forsake the Outer Lands; at times she would come there and heal the hurts of Morgoth.[3]

After Eru allowed Aulë's creations, the Dwarves, to survive, Yavanna feared that they would cut down all the trees in Middle-earth. Aulë, in reply, told her that even Elves and Men, the true Children of Ilúvatar would have need of her trees as well. Yavanna lamented to Manwë, questioning whether anything she had made would be free from the dominion of others. Manwë brought her concerns before Ilúvatar in prayer, and Eru did indeed have pity upon Yavanna: He answered her plea by creating the Ents to protect the trees.[6]

When the Elves built Tirion upon Tol Eressëa Yavanna fashioned the tree Galathilion, a lesser image of Telperion, for the court beneath the Mindon.[7]

After the destruction of the Two Trees Yavanna examined their remains and told the other Valar that if she could use the light of the Silmarils she could heal them. This light she was denied by the will of Fëanor.[8] Doing what she and Nienna could, they managed to bring forth one silver flower from Telperion and one golden fruit from Laurelin. She gave these to her husband Aulë, who fashioned vessels for them and thus creating the Moon and the Sun.[5]

For the Men who had stood with the Valar in the War of Wrath the land of Andor was raised by Ossë, established by Aulë, and enriched by Yavanna. When the Edain came to this island they created the realm of Númenor.[9]

Etymology

Yavanna means "Giver of Fruits" in Quenya. The name is a compound of yáve and anna. Her epithet Kementári means "Queen of the Earth".[1]

Her Sindarin name appears to be Ivon, only attested in the compound Ivonwin ("Maidens of Yavanna").[note 1] The Noldorin equivalent was Ivann.[10]

Other Versions of the Legendarium

Yavanna's surname, Kementári, was Palúrien ([paˈluːri.en]) at an earlier stage of writing of The Silmarillion.[11]

See also

Notes

  1. The name Ivon was also the Gnomish form of Qenya Yavanna. Cf. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), p. 14.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Valaquenta: Of the Valar"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Thingol and Melian"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Aulë and Yavanna"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Darkening of Valinor"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Lembas", pp. 404-5
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: The Last Chapters of the Quenta Silmarillion", p. 246


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music