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Years of the Trees

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{{History of Arda}}
 
{{History of Arda}}
The '''Years of the Trees''' or [[Days of Bliss|the Days of the Bliss of Valinor]] were the long years that lay between the founding of [[Valinor]] and its [[Darkening of Valinor|Darkening]]. During this time, Valinor was lit by the light of the [[Two Trees]], but [[Middle-earth]] lay in darkness.
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The '''Years of the Trees''', also called the '''Days of Bliss (of Valinor)''' or the '''Noontide of Valinor'''<ref>{{S|6}}</ref>, were the long years that lay between the founding of [[Valinor]] and its [[Darkening of Valinor|Darkening]]. During this time, Valinor was lit by the light of the [[Two Trees]], but [[Middle-earth]] lay in darkness.
  
Long before the [[Elves]] awoke, Yavanna created the Two Trees of Valinor to give light to realm of the [[Valar]]. So began a reign of peace in Valinor, but Middle-earth was lit by starlight alone, and [[Melkor]] worked in the depths of [[Utumno]] in the north of the World. We are not told how long this time lasted, just that 'the ages drew on'; this period would have lasted roughly 10,500 years. It was during this period that [[Aulë]] made the [[Dwarves]], and at [[Eru]]'s direction, set them to sleep until the coming of the Elves.
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The Years of the Trees preceded the [[Years of the Sun]], and perhaps belonged, or at least overlapped with, the [[First Age]].<ref>{{HM|Guide}}, entry "First Age"</ref>
 +
==History==
 +
[[File:Roger Garland - Two Trees of Valinor.jpg|thumb|left|''Two Trees of Valinor'' by [[Roger Garland]]]]
 +
Long before the [[Elves]] awoke, [[Yavanna]] created the Two Trees of Valinor to give light to realm of the [[Valar]]. The Trees first flowered after 3500 Valian Years had passed.<ref name=Annals>{{MR|P2}}</ref> This period began at the [[Opening Hour]], when [[Telperion]] first started to bloom alone; on the second hour, the [[First Day]] begun, and with it, the beginning of the [[Count of Time]].<ref>{{S|1}}</ref>
  
When [[Oromë]] discovered that the Elves had awoken at [[Cuiviénen]], great changes came about. The Valar made war on [[Melkor]] to protect the [[Elves|Elder Children of Ilúvatar]]; Utumno was destroyed and Melkor brought in chains to Valinor. The Valar also summoned the Elves to dwell in their land, and many answered this summons.
+
So began a reign of peace in Valinor, but Middle-earth was lit by starlight alone, and [[Morgoth|Melkor]] worked in the depths of [[Utumno]] in the north of the World. We are not told how long this time lasted, just that 'the ages drew on'; this period would have lasted roughly 10,500 years. It was during this period that [[Aulë]] made the [[Dwarves]], and at [[Ilúvatar|Eru]]'s direction, set them to sleep until the coming of the Elves.
 +
[[File:Anke Eißmann - Oromë espies the first Elves.jpg|thumb|Orome discovers the [[Quendi]].]]
 +
When [[Oromë]] discovered that the Elves had awoken at [[Cuiviénen]], great changes came about. The Valar made war on [[Morgoth|Melkor]] to protect the [[Elves|Elder Children of Ilúvatar]]; Utumno was destroyed and Melkor brought in chains to Valinor. The Valar also summoned the Elves to dwell in their land, and many answered this summons.
  
 
A period of three ages (about 2,900 years) followed. Melkor was imprisoned in the [[Halls of Mandos]], and the Valar and [[Eldar]] dwelt together in the light of the Trees. In the darkness of Middle-earth, the Dark Elves who had not journeyed to Valinor still dwelt, and the Fathers of the Dwarves stirred. Men would not appear until some time after the end of the Years of the Trees.
 
A period of three ages (about 2,900 years) followed. Melkor was imprisoned in the [[Halls of Mandos]], and the Valar and [[Eldar]] dwelt together in the light of the Trees. In the darkness of Middle-earth, the Dark Elves who had not journeyed to Valinor still dwelt, and the Fathers of the Dwarves stirred. Men would not appear until some time after the end of the Years of the Trees.
  
These Years came to an end when [[Manwë]] released Melkor from his imprisonment. For a time, the [[Dark Lord]] pretended friendship with the Eldar, but he turned back to the darkness. With [[Ungoliant]], he destroyed the Trees, stole the [[Silmarils]] and fled back to the north of Middle-earth. Seeking revenge, [[Fëanor]] led a great part of the [[Noldor]] out of Valinor and back to Beleriand.
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These Years came to an end when [[Manwë]] released Melkor from his imprisonment. For a time, the [[Dark Lord]] pretended friendship with the Eldar, but he turned back to the darkness. After shining for 1495 Valian Years,<ref name=Annals/> they were destroyed by [[Ungoliant]]. They stole the [[Silmarils]] and fled back to the north of Middle-earth. Seeking revenge, [[Fëanor]] led a great part of the [[Noldor]] out of Valinor and back to Beleriand.
  
So the Years of the Trees came to an end. At this time, the Valar made the Sun and Moon to give light to the World, and the Years of the [[Sun]] began, and with them the [[First Age]].
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So the Years of the Trees came to an end. At this time, the Valar made the [[Sun]] and [[Moon]] to give light to the World, and after 5000 Valian Years had passed,<ref name=Annals/> the [[Years of the Sun]] began.
==Reckoning==
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<poem>
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(i) According to the reckoning by the Trees
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12 hours (a full flowering of both Trees) = 1 day
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1000 days (12,000 hours) = 1 year
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100 years = 1 age of the Valar
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''(ii) Relation of the reckoning by the Trees to the reckoning by the Sun''
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==Reckoning==
1 hour of the Trees = 7 hours of our time
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The schedule of the Valian day can be summarized as:<ref>{{HM|Guide}}, entry "Years of the Trees"</ref>
1 day of the Trees = (7 x 12) 84 hours of our time
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{|class="wikitable"
1 year of the Trees = (7 x 12,000) 84,000 hours of our time
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!Valian hour
There are (365.25 x 24) 8766 hours in a Sun Year, and thus:
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!Event
1 year of the Trees = (84,000 / 8766) 9 years, 212 days, 18 hours of the Sun
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|-
 +
|Hour 1
 +
|Day begins, Telperion's blooming is already on its second phase
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 2
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 3
 +
|Telperion reaches his greatest bloom
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 4
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 5
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 6
 +
|Laurelin begins to bloom and the lights of the two tres are mingled; at the end of the hour, Telperion ceases.
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 7
 +
|Laurelin continues to bloom while Telperion's light remains for some time
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 8
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 9
 +
|Laurelin reaches her greatest bloom
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 10
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 11
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|Hour 12
 +
|Telperion begins to bloom and the lights of the two tres are mingled; at the end of the hour, Laurelin ceases.
 +
|}
  
''(iii) Original intention of the Valar for the new reckoning by the Sun and Moon''
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The Tree temporal units can be summarized as:<ref name=Annals/>
12 hours of moonlight + 12 hours of sunlight = 24 hours = 1 full day
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{|class="wikitable"
700 times of sunlight and moonlight = 350 full days = 1 Sun Year
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!Valian time units
1 hour = 1/7 of 1 hour of the Trees
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!Description
Therefore:
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!Conversion to our time units
1 Sun Year would have (24 x 350) 8400 hours = (8400 / 7) 1200 hours of the Trees = 1/10 of a Valian Year (see (i) above); thus 1 Valian Year would = 10 Sun Years
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|-
The matter can be expressed more concisely thus:
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|1 Valian hour
1 year of the Trees = (7 x 12,000) 84,000 hours of our time
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|A full flowering of both Trees
84,000 / (350 x 24) 8400 = 10
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|7 hours of our time
but
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|-
84,000 / (365.25 x 24) 8766 = 9.582
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|1 Valian day
 +
|12 Valian hours
 +
|(7 x 12) 84 hours of our time
 +
|-
 +
|1 Valian year
 +
|1000 Valian days or 12,000 Valian hours
 +
|(7 x 12,000) 84,000 hours of our time, corresponding (84,000 / 8766) to 9 [[coranar|years]], 212 days, 18 hours
 +
|-
 +
|1 age of the Valar
 +
|100 Valian years ([[randa]])<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry RAD</ref>
 +
|958 years, 105 days
 +
|}
  
''(iv) The dates of the first flowering of the Trees and the first rising of the Moon''
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{{References}}
The Trees first flowered after 3500 Valian Years had passed, or 33,530 Sun Years.  The Moon first rose after 5000 Valian Years had passed, or 47,901 Sun Years.  The Trees shone for 1495 Valian Years, or 14,322 Sun Years.
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</poem>
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::::: -- ''[[The Annals of Aman]]'', Notes
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[[Category:Ages]]
 
[[Category:Ages]]
 
[[de:Jahre der Bäume]]
 
[[de:Jahre der Bäume]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/chronologie/annees_des_arbres]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/chronologie/annees_des_arbres]]
 
[[fi:Puiden vuodet]]
 
[[fi:Puiden vuodet]]

Revision as of 20:20, 25 June 2013

The History of Arda
Ainulindalë
Valian Years
    Years of the Lamps
    Years of the Trees
Years of the Sun
Ages
    First Age
    Second Age
    Third Age
    Fourth Age
Dagor Dagorath
Timeline of Arda

The Years of the Trees, also called the Days of Bliss (of Valinor) or the Noontide of Valinor[1], were the long years that lay between the founding of Valinor and its Darkening. During this time, Valinor was lit by the light of the Two Trees, but Middle-earth lay in darkness.

The Years of the Trees preceded the Years of the Sun, and perhaps belonged, or at least overlapped with, the First Age.[2]

History

Two Trees of Valinor by Roger Garland

Long before the Elves awoke, Yavanna created the Two Trees of Valinor to give light to realm of the Valar. The Trees first flowered after 3500 Valian Years had passed.[3] This period began at the Opening Hour, when Telperion first started to bloom alone; on the second hour, the First Day begun, and with it, the beginning of the Count of Time.[4]

So began a reign of peace in Valinor, but Middle-earth was lit by starlight alone, and Melkor worked in the depths of Utumno in the north of the World. We are not told how long this time lasted, just that 'the ages drew on'; this period would have lasted roughly 10,500 years. It was during this period that Aulë made the Dwarves, and at Eru's direction, set them to sleep until the coming of the Elves.

Orome discovers the Quendi.

When Oromë discovered that the Elves had awoken at Cuiviénen, great changes came about. The Valar made war on Melkor to protect the Elder Children of Ilúvatar; Utumno was destroyed and Melkor brought in chains to Valinor. The Valar also summoned the Elves to dwell in their land, and many answered this summons.

A period of three ages (about 2,900 years) followed. Melkor was imprisoned in the Halls of Mandos, and the Valar and Eldar dwelt together in the light of the Trees. In the darkness of Middle-earth, the Dark Elves who had not journeyed to Valinor still dwelt, and the Fathers of the Dwarves stirred. Men would not appear until some time after the end of the Years of the Trees.

These Years came to an end when Manwë released Melkor from his imprisonment. For a time, the Dark Lord pretended friendship with the Eldar, but he turned back to the darkness. After shining for 1495 Valian Years,[3] they were destroyed by Ungoliant. They stole the Silmarils and fled back to the north of Middle-earth. Seeking revenge, Fëanor led a great part of the Noldor out of Valinor and back to Beleriand.

So the Years of the Trees came to an end. At this time, the Valar made the Sun and Moon to give light to the World, and after 5000 Valian Years had passed,[3] the Years of the Sun began.

Reckoning

The schedule of the Valian day can be summarized as:[5]

Valian hour Event
Hour 1 Day begins, Telperion's blooming is already on its second phase
Hour 2
Hour 3 Telperion reaches his greatest bloom
Hour 4
Hour 5
Hour 6 Laurelin begins to bloom and the lights of the two tres are mingled; at the end of the hour, Telperion ceases.
Hour 7 Laurelin continues to bloom while Telperion's light remains for some time
Hour 8
Hour 9 Laurelin reaches her greatest bloom
Hour 10
Hour 11
Hour 12 Telperion begins to bloom and the lights of the two tres are mingled; at the end of the hour, Laurelin ceases.

The Tree temporal units can be summarized as:[3]

Valian time units Description Conversion to our time units
1 Valian hour A full flowering of both Trees 7 hours of our time
1 Valian day 12 Valian hours (7 x 12) 84 hours of our time
1 Valian year 1000 Valian days or 12,000 Valian hours (7 x 12,000) 84,000 hours of our time, corresponding (84,000 / 8766) to 9 years, 212 days, 18 hours
1 age of the Valar 100 Valian years (randa)[6] 958 years, 105 days

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
  2. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "First Age"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"
  5. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Years of the Trees"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entry RAD