Tolkien Gateway

Yogh

(Difference between revisions)
(Ȝ in Elvish)
(Later Ȝ)
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The sound ''gh'' would return once more in [[Elvish]]. Like in the case of English, Primitive Quendian ''g'' was simplified to ''gh'' in [[Quenya]] (and [[Sindarin]], in most cases). For example the word ''[[galadâ]]'' "tree" evolved into *''ghaldâ/ȝaldâ'' in the Quenyan branch.
 
The sound ''gh'' would return once more in [[Elvish]]. Like in the case of English, Primitive Quendian ''g'' was simplified to ''gh'' in [[Quenya]] (and [[Sindarin]], in most cases). For example the word ''[[galadâ]]'' "tree" evolved into *''ghaldâ/ȝaldâ'' in the Quenyan branch.
  
Once more, the ''gh'' sound would disappear again, and in Quenya it  
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Once more, the ''gh'' sound existed in Elvish, and it survived long enough to be written in [[Sarati]] before disappearing again. The word ''[[alda]]'' was still spelt ''ȝalda''. This letter for ''ȝ'' was known by tradition among the [[loremasters]]<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 39]] p. 7</ref>
 
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==Other languages==
 
Note that in other languages, like [[Orkish]], Tolkien wrote this sound as ''gh''.
 
Note that in other languages, like [[Orkish]], Tolkien wrote this sound as ''gh''.
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 +
In [[Tengwar]], ''ȝ/gh'' is written with the letter [[Anca]] or [[Unquë]].
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 12:06, 22 September 2009

Yogh (Ȝ ȝ) is a letter of Middle English literature. Note that sometimes it is written with a three (3) when the font is not available.

The sound Ȝ was derived from Old English g. It was a sound that doesn't exist any more in English language since it is now assimilated with y or isn't pronounced at all.

Contents

Ȝ in Elvish

Primitive Quendian

Tolkien used Ȝ in The Etymologies to describe the sound gh. Ȝ is seen most often in Primitive Quendian roots such as MAȜ, KUȜ, TEȜ. This sound however was assimilated to other sounds.

Before unvoiced consonants it would evolve into ch: maȝtâ (MAȜ) evolved to machtâ.

Final, after u, it would evolve into w: kuȝ (KUȜ) > kuw

Later Ȝ

The sound gh would return once more in Elvish. Like in the case of English, Primitive Quendian g was simplified to gh in Quenya (and Sindarin, in most cases). For example the word galadâ "tree" evolved into *ghaldâ/ȝaldâ in the Quenyan branch.

Once more, the gh sound existed in Elvish, and it survived long enough to be written in Sarati before disappearing again. The word alda was still spelt ȝalda. This letter for ȝ was known by tradition among the loremasters[1]

Other languages

Note that in other languages, like Orkish, Tolkien wrote this sound as gh.

In Tengwar, ȝ/gh is written with the letter Anca or Unquë.

See also

External links


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