Tolkien Gateway

Yunque

(Difference between revisions)
m (Changed DISPLAYTITLE)
 
(12 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{qnums}}
 
{{qnums}}
'''yunque''' is the number twelve (12) in Quenya.<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 47</ref><ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 48</ref>
+
'''yunque''' is the number twelve (12) in [[Quenya]].<ref>{{VT|47a}}</ref><ref>{{VT|48a}}</ref>
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
From ''[[yú]]'' + ''[[enquë]]'' "double six".  
+
It is a composite from ''[[yú]] + [[ence]]'' "double six". [[PQ]] form given also as ''yu-(e)neke'' > ''yunuk(w)''<ref>{{VT|42b}}, p. 24</ref><ref>{{VT|42d}},  p. 31</ref> > ''yunke''.
 +
 
 +
Note that both ''ence'' and ''yunce'' were later changed to ''enque'' and ''yunque'' due to the influence of ''[[minquë]]''. After that, ''yunque'' is perceived as ''yú + enque''
  
[[PQ]] form given also as ''yu-(e)neke'' > ''yunke'' but this was altered due to the influence of ''[[minquë]]''
 
 
==Cognates==
 
==Cognates==
 
*[[Telerin]] ''[[yumpe]]'' (from original ''[[yunece]]'')
 
*[[Telerin]] ''[[yumpe]]'' (from original ''[[yunece]]'')
 
*[[Sindarin]] ''[[yneb]]'' (from original ''[[yneg]]'')
 
*[[Sindarin]] ''[[yneb]]'' (from original ''[[yneg]]'')
 +
==Other versions==
 +
An earlier word for "twelve" was ''rasta''<ref>{{PE|14}}, p. 17, note 6.</ref> seen in the word ''[[yúrasta]]'' "24; double-12".
 +
 +
It was also supported by the stem [[RÁSAT]].<ref>[[Helge Fauskanger]], "[http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/numerals.htm Quenya numbers]" at [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/ Ardalambion], as of 27 September 2010</ref>
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 +
 +
{{title|lowercase}}
 +
{{DEFAULTSORT:012}}
 +
[[Category:Quenya numbers]]

Latest revision as of 20:58, 19 October 2012

Quenya numbers

yunque is the number twelve (12) in Quenya.[1][2]

Contents

[edit] Etymology

It is a composite from + ence "double six". PQ form given also as yu-(e)neke > yunuk(w)[3][4] > yunke.

Note that both ence and yunce were later changed to enque and yunque due to the influence of minquë. After that, yunque is perceived as yú + enque

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Other versions

An earlier word for "twelve" was rasta[5] seen in the word yúrasta "24; double-12".

It was also supported by the stem RÁSAT.[6]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor: Appendix: The Eldarin numerals" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 24
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor: Editorial Notes" (by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 31
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), p. 17, note 6.
  6. Helge Fauskanger, "Quenya numbers" at Ardalambion, as of 27 September 2010