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aran

Aran is the word for "king" or "chief" in Sindarin. Its plural form is erain.[1] In Quenya it was aran, as well.[2] The same root was shared by its Adûnaic cognate, ârû.[3] However, the seemingly unrelated Rohan tûrac was their word for "king."[4] A Westron cognate is not known.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 40 entry aran
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 147
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê: (vi) Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language: Declension of nouns", p. 429
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages", p. 53